Columbiana County, Ohio

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Columbiana County, Ohio
COLUMBIANA COURTHOUSE 2-4-09.jpg
Flag of Columbiana County, Ohio
Flag
Seal of Columbiana County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Columbiana County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded May 1, 1803[1]
Named for Christopher Columbus
Seat Lisbon
Largest city Salem
Area
 • Total 535 sq mi (1,386 km2)
 • Land 532 sq mi (1,378 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 107,841
 • Density 203/sq mi (78/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.columbianacounty.org

Columbiana County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,841.[2] The county seat is Lisbon.[3] The county name is derived from the explorer of the Americas, Christopher Columbus.[4]

Columbiana County comprises the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the larger Youngstown-Warren, OH-PA Combined Statistical Area. It also abuts the Pittsburgh area directly to the east and south. Pittsburgh International Airport is only a 35-minute drive southeast of East Liverpool, while Downtown Pittsburgh is only 50 minutes away.

Due to its location, Columbiana County is traditionally considered part of both Appalachian Ohio and the Steel Valley, sharing more in common culturally with neighboring Western Pennsylvania and West Virginia (both of which are also part of Appalachia) than much of Northeast Ohio in general. Officially considered part of the Youngstown television market, the Steubenville television market regularly reports in the area as well.

History[edit]

The principal historic Indian tribes in the area were the Wyandots, Mingoes, and Delawares. Throughout the second half of the 18th century white explorers, starting with Christopher Gist in 1750, came to the area. George Washington, while engaged in land examinations, camped in the area of present-day East Liverpool in 1774.

Columbiana County was founded in 1803 and named in honor of Christopher Columbus, taking his surname combined with "Anna". The county was the scene of one of the northern-most action fought during the American Civil War; on July 26, 1863 Confederate raiders under John Morgan were surrounded and captured by Union forces at Salineville. .

The county was home to the largest pottery industry in the world, in East Liverpool & surrounding communities, which produced more than half of the United States' annual ceramics output. Throughout East Liverpool's ceramics history, there were more than 300 potteries.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 535 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 532 square miles (1,380 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 10,878
1820 22,033 102.5%
1830 35,592 61.5%
1840 40,378 13.4%
1850 33,621 −16.7%
1860 32,836 −2.3%
1870 38,299 16.6%
1880 48,602 26.9%
1890 59,029 21.5%
1900 68,590 16.2%
1910 76,619 11.7%
1920 83,131 8.5%
1930 86,484 4.0%
1940 90,121 4.2%
1950 98,920 9.8%
1960 107,004 8.2%
1970 108,310 1.2%
1980 113,572 4.9%
1990 108,276 −4.7%
2000 112,075 3.5%
2010 107,841 −3.8%
Est. 2016 103,685 [8] −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]
Map showing 2012 Appalachian Regional Commission economic designations for Appalachian Ohio, with Columbiana County marked as "transitional".

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 112,075 people, 42,973 households, and 30,682 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81/km²). There were 46,083 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.43% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.0% were of German, 12.9% English, 12.8% American, 12.3% Irish and 9.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 42,973 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,226, and the median income for a family was $40,486. Males had a median income of $32,134 versus $20,331 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,655. About 9.00% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,841 people, 42,683 households, and 29,101 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 202.7 inhabitants per square mile (78.3/km2). There were 47,088 housing units at an average density of 88.5 per square mile (34.2/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 95.5% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 29.2% were German, 17.7% were Irish, 14.6% were English, 9.1% were Italian, and 7.6% were American.[16]

Of the 42,683 households, 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 42.3 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,502 and the median income for a family was $48,948. Males had a median income of $39,614 versus $27,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 12.1% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 68.1% 31,676 26.7% 12,432 5.1% 2,384
2012 54.7% 25,251 42.9% 19,821 2.4% 1,127
2008 52.5% 25,585 44.9% 21,882 2.5% 1,232
2004 52.1% 25,753 47.4% 23,429 0.6% 283
2000 49.1% 21,804 46.5% 20,657 4.4% 1,966
1996 35.3% 15,386 47.5% 20,716 17.3% 7,527
1992 31.6% 15,016 41.6% 19,765 26.9% 12,773
1988 49.1% 21,175 50.0% 21,581 0.9% 384
1984 54.4% 24,552 44.7% 20,155 0.9% 403
1980 50.6% 20,798 42.4% 17,459 7.0% 2,886
1976 48.1% 22,318 49.8% 23,096 2.1% 953
1972 62.6% 27,308 36.0% 15,683 1.4% 611
1968 46.2% 19,947 44.9% 19,382 8.9% 3,841
1964 35.5% 15,827 64.5% 28,706
1960 58.6% 28,414 41.4% 20,037
1956 66.5% 28,783 33.5% 14,516
1952 58.4% 26,707 41.6% 19,057
1948 51.3% 17,724 48.0% 16,588 0.7% 226
1944 51.5% 19,976 48.5% 18,796
1940 48.7% 21,221 51.3% 22,349
1936 42.3% 16,986 56.4% 22,664 1.4% 548
1932 55.6% 19,707 40.3% 14,284 4.1% 1,439
1928 77.3% 26,405 21.8% 7,461 0.9% 292
1924 70.0% 20,483 16.0% 4,685 14.0% 4,104
1920 60.1% 16,846 34.9% 9,774 5.0% 1,403
1916 46.9% 8,118 45.0% 7,788 8.2% 1,420
1912 28.6% 4,601 29.9% 4,816 41.5% 6,674[19]
1908 53.3% 9,626 37.3% 6,736 9.5% 1,710
1904 67.2% 11,571 24.4% 4,203 8.4% 1,439
1900 60.7% 10,255 35.5% 5,997 3.8% 648
1896 57.8% 9,487 40.2% 6,598 2.0% 329
1892 52.0% 7,232 40.1% 5,573 8.0% 1,111
1888 57.1% 7,700 38.2% 5,154 4.7% 636
1884 57.9% 6,995 37.0% 4,472 5.2% 624
1880 58.5% 6,545 38.2% 4,273 3.4% 379
1876 55.9% 5,417 41.3% 4,000 2.9% 279
1872 61.8% 4,773 37.5% 2,897 0.7% 56

Government[edit]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Community, junior, and technical colleges[edit]

Public school districts[edit]

High schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Columbiana County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Columbiana County.[20]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Township Municipal type
1 Salem partially in Mahoning County 12,303 Perry City
2 East Liverpool 11,195 Liverpool City
3 Columbiana partially in Mahoning County 6,384 Fairfield City
4 East Palestine 4,721 Unity Village
5 Calcutta 3,742 St. Clair CDP
6 Minerva partially in Stark County 3,720 West Village
7 Wellsville 3,541 Yellow Creek Village
8 Lisbon 2,821 Center Village
9 Glenmoor 1,987 St. Clair CDP
10 Leetonia 1,959 Salem Village
11 Salineville 1,311 Washington Village
12 New Waterford 1,238 Unity Village
13 La Croft 1,144 Liverpool CDP
14 Washingtonville partially in Mahoning County 801 Salem Village
15 Lake Tomahawk 485 Middleton CDP
16 Homeworth 481 Knox CDP
17 Damascus partially in Mahoning County 443 Butler CDP
18 Hanoverton 408 Hanover Village
19 Negley 281 Middleton CDP
20 Rogers 237 Middleton Village
21 East Rochester 231 West CDP
22 Summitville 135 Franklin Village

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Columbiana County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Columbiana County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  5. ^ Museum of Ceramics
  6. ^ City of Easter Liverpool Website
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  19. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 3,811 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 1,916 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 915 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 32 votes.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2016-02-13. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°46′N 80°47′W / 40.77°N 80.78°W / 40.77; -80.78