Salem, Ohio

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Salem, Ohio
Salem Downtown Historic District
Location of Salem, OH
Location of Salem, OH
Coordinates: 40°54′3″N 80°51′10″W / 40.90083°N 80.85278°W / 40.90083; -80.85278Coordinates: 40°54′3″N 80°51′10″W / 40.90083°N 80.85278°W / 40.90083; -80.85278
Country United States
State Ohio
County Columbiana, Mahoning[1]
 • Type Statutory
 • Mayor John C. Berlin (R)
 • Council President K. Bret Apple, Esq. (D)
 • Total 6.43 sq mi (16.65 km2)
 • Land 6.43 sq mi (16.65 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 1,227 ft (374 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 12,303
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 12,161
 • Density 1,913.4/sq mi (738.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44460
Area code(s) 330, 234
FIPS code 39-69834[6]
GNIS feature ID 1045870[3]

Salem is a city in northern Columbiana County and extreme southern Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. At the 2010 census, the city's population was 12,303.[7] Salem is a principal city of the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Columbiana County. The small portion of the city that extends into Mahoning County is considered part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[8]


Salem is located at 40°54′3″N 80°51′10″W / 40.90083°N 80.85278°W / 40.90083; -80.85278 (40.900885, -80.852831).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.43 square miles (16.65 km2), all land.[2]

The city of Salem is mostly (see map) surrounded by Perry Township. As with other townships in Ohio,[10] Perry Township has been subject to annexation in recent years.[11][12] Residents of land annexed to the city of Salem enjoy all benefits other residents of the city enjoy, and by Ohio law[13] are now themselves residents of the city of Salem.

Several acres of Salem Township and Green Township were annexed into the city limits in 2000 and 2001. Other actions to spur economic development undertaken around the same time annexed specific land: in 1999, 82.24 acres (332,800 m2) of Salem Township were granted police and fire protection, snow removal service, and other standard services already provided to the City of Salem by Ordinance passed by the city government.[14]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,889
1870 3,700 95.9%
1880 4,041 9.2%
1890 5,780 43.0%
1900 7,582 31.2%
1910 8,943 18.0%
1920 10,305 15.2%
1930 10,622 3.1%
1940 12,301 15.8%
1950 12,754 3.7%
1960 13,854 8.6%
1970 14,186 2.4%
1980 12,865 −9.3%
1990 12,233 −4.9%
2000 12,197 −0.3%
2010 12,303 0.9%
Est. 2013 12,130 −1.4%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 12,303 people, 5,272 households, and 3,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,913.4 inhabitants per square mile (738.8/km2). There were 5,763 housing units at an average density of 896.3 per square mile (346.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 5,272 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.9% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the city was 42.8 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6][not in citation given] of 2000, there were 12,197 people, 5,146 households, and 3,249 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,228.2 people per square mile (860.9/km²). There were 5,505 housing units at an average density of 1,005.7 per square mile (388.6/km²).

The racial makeup of the city was 98.4% White, 0.5% African-American, 0.09% American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.3% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race comprised 0.5% of the population.

The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.92. Of the 5,146 households, 63.1% were considered "family" households, and 36.9% were considered "non-family" households. 28.1% of family households had their own children under the age of 18 living with them.

48.7% of the family households were counted as married couple family households, with parents living together (20% of which had their own children under age 18 living with them). 10.6% of family households had a female householder with no husband present (5.9% of which had their own children under 18 living with them).

32.8% of the non-family households consisted of individuals living alone (17.1% of which had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older).

In the city the population was spread out with 6% under the age of 5, 6.1% aged 5–9, 6.8% aged 10–14, 6.4% aged 15–19, 5.6% aged 20–24, 12.9% aged 25–34, 14.6% aged 35–44, 13% aged 45–54, 4.8% aged 55–59, 3.8% aged 60–64, 8.6% aged 65–74, 8.3% aged 75–84, and 3.2% aged 85 and over. The median age was 39.5 years. There are more females in Salem (6,596) than males (5,601).

The median income for a household in the city (in 1999 U. S. dollars) was $30,006, and the median income for a family (in 1999 U. S. dollars) was $40,191. Males who worked full-time, year-round had a median income of $31,630 versus $19,471 for females who worked full-time, year-round. The per capita income for the city was $16,579, and 318 families (9.8%) and 1,376 individuals (11.7%) fell below the poverty line.

Social characteristics[edit]

Of the population aged 3 years or older, 7.2% of children were enrolled in nursery or preschool, 6.2% were in kindergarten, 45.9% were enrolled in grades 1 through 8, 24.9% were in high school (grades 9-12), and 15.8% were attending college or graduate school.

Among residents aged 25 and over, 4.8% attained less than a 9th grade education, 13.1% completed 9th through 12th grade but had no diploma, 44.1% had a high school diploma or GED, 17.3% had some college but no degree, 5.7% earned an Associate degree, 10.9% achieved a Bachelor degree, and 4.1% held a graduate or professional degree.

For residents aged over 15, 22.9% had never been married, 53.8% were married (except separated), 2.6% were separated, 9.9% were widowed (8.6% of which were female), and 10.8% were divorced (6.7% of which were female).

63 of the 130 grandparents living in household with one or more of their own grandchildren under 18 years were responsible for the grandchildren.

16% of the adult civilian population over the age of 18 were civilian veterans.

6.4% of the population between the ages of 5 and 20 had a disability, as did 15.6% of those between 21 and 64 and 48.7% of the population over age 65.

58.1% listed that they lived in the same house as they did in 1995, and 41.7% lived in a different house at that time (28.2% of which nonetheless resided in the same county).

98.8% were considered "native"—born in the United States or outside of the United States but not foreign-born. Of that 98.8%, 77.3% were born in the state of their residence and 21.5% were born in another state or location other than their residence. 1.2% were foreign-born (.2% of which entered the United States between 1990 and March 2000), with .7% naturalized citizens and .5% non-citizens. Those born in foreign countries were primarily from Europe (33%), followed by Asia (30.3%), Northern America (28.9%), and Latin America (7%). In terms of ancestry, most residents cited German heritage (28.3%), followed by Irish (Celtic) (16.7%), English (12.5%), Italian (10.6%), Other ancestries (10.5%), United States or American (6.6%), Dutch (2.9%), French (2.4%), Scottish (2.4%), Polish (2.3%), Slovak (1.9%), Scotch-Irish (1.4%), Hungarian (1.3%), Welsh (1.3%), and less than 1% (but greater than 0) for each of the following: Arab, Czech, French Canadian, Greek, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Russian, Swedish, Swiss, Ukrainian, and West Indian (excluding Hispanic) groups.

97.1% of the population spoke only English in their home.


Origins and settlers[edit]

Salem was founded by a Pennsylvanian potter, John Straughan (Strawn) and a New Jersey clockmaker, Zadok Street, in 1806. The name Salem was taken from "Jerusalem", which means "city of peace". [19]

Early settlers to the city included the Religious Society of Friends (“Quakers”), which the school system’s sports teams honor by referring to themselves collectively as the "Quakers."[20][21]

Salem was incorporated in 1830.[22]

Contributions to American history[edit]

Active in the abolitionist movement of the early- to mid-19th century, Salem acted as a hub for the American Underground Railroad, with several homes serving as “stations.” Salem retained many of these homes, but none are open to the public at present.

In April 1850, Salem hosted the first Women's Rights Convention in Ohio, the second such convention in the United States. J. Elizabeth Jones delivered an address,[23] and men were refused attendance for the two-day proceedings.[24]

While radio DJ Alan Freed was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, he grew up in Salem. While working at a radio station in Cleveland, he coined the phrase "Rock & Roll."

Prosperity through industry[edit]

Over its history, Salem thrived on an industrial-based economy, advantageously located between Cleveland and Pittsburgh. For several decades, the largest corporations located in Salem were American Standard, Eljer,Mullins Manufacturing Corp, Deming Pump and Salem China. Today, American Standard and several tool-and-die manufacturers remain.

National recognition of historic resources[edit]

Two sections of the city are designated National Register historic districts: the "Salem Downtown Historic District” (bounded by Vine Avenue, Ohio Avenue, East Pershing Street, South Ellsworth Avenue, and Sugar Tree Alley, designated 1995), and the "South Lincoln Avenue Historic District" (designated 1993), which includes several of the town’s monumental and architecturally distinctive homes.

Other city properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places include: the Burchfield Homestead (home to Charles Burchfield from ages five to twenty-eight), Daniel Howell Hise House (home of local Quaker abolitionist and Underground Railroad station), the (Former) Salem Methodist Episcopal Church|First United Methodist Church of Salem, and the John Street House (Underground Railroad station and home to descendant of city founder).


Salem is served by the Salem City School District. Additionally, Kent State University operates a regional campus in Salem, and the Roman Catholic Diocese of Youngstown operates St. Paul Elementary School in Salem.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ County Maps, State of Ohio (from Ohio Department of Transportation), and Mahoning County map See also
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  6. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Annexation law changes stretch too far". Business Courier of Cincinnati. 1996-07-19. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  11. ^ "Ordinance No. 990316-28". The City of Salem, Ohio. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  12. ^ "Ordinance No. 000118-07". The City of Salem, Ohio. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  13. ^ "City of Massillon Annexation Answer Page". 1998. Retrieved 2008-07-26. 
  14. ^ This is understood to cover the area including the Wal-Mart Supercenter. See: ORDINANCE NO. 991103 - 74, City of Salem
  15. ^ "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ The girls' and boys' teams' individual mascots are known as the "Quaker Lady" (or "Quaker Sadie") and "Quaker Sam," respectively.
  21. ^ The team nickname (and, possibly, the American tradition of placing the word "Fighting" in front of such nicknames) was noted by USA Today as one of several "that could be considered offensive." See "What's in a Nickname?" USA Today, 23 October 1991, Sports section, 06C.
  22. ^ Mack, Horace (1879). History of Columbiana County, Ohio: With Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Unigraphic. p. 208. 
  23. ^ Proceedings of the Ohio Women's Convention April 19–20. 1850 Smead & Coles' Press (1850)
  24. ^ ”Lucretia Mott to Salem, Ohio, Woman's Convention, 13 April 1850, The Liberator, 17 May 1850, p. 80.” See also:

External links[edit]