Salem Common Historic District (Salem, Massachusetts)
Salem Common Historic District
Wintertime view of historic homes
|Location||Salem, Massachusetts, U.S.|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival, Late Victorian, Federal|
|NRHP reference #||76000303 (original)
|Added to NRHP||May 12, 1976|
|Boundary increase||June 27, 2002|
The Common was established in 1667, and during this period it was partially a swamp. Until 1800, there was no enclosing fence, allowing livestock to freely roam across it. The current wrought iron fence around the Common was built in 1850 and has undergone restoration.
The white archway that stands near the north entrance was originally a design by Samuel McIntire, but it had to be removed because of its condition. The current archway is a replica of the original that was made in 1976.
The district was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 12, 1976, and further expanded on June 27, 2002. The district boundaries include the Essex Institute Historic District, a cluster of buildings along Essex and Brown streets owned by the Peabody Essex Museum.
Joseph Story House
The Andrew–Safford House was built in 1819 and was designed in the Federal style by an unknown architect for a wealthy Russian fur merchant. It is located at 13 Washington Square and is owned by the Peabody Essex Museum.
When under construction it was reputed to have been the most expensive house erected in the United States at the time. The massive vertical façade and the four large columns rising from the ground to the third story on the south side makes this one of the most impressive houses in Salem.
In addition to being listed in this district, the house is also part of the Essex Institute Historic District.
John Bertram House
The John Bertram House was originally built for John Forrester in 1819. Captain John Bertram purchased the Federal mansion from John Forrester and later sold it to George Peabody in 1834.
George Peabody lived in the mansion for about 60 years and while there he made the mansion larger by the addition of a one-story dining room.
Salem as the Birthplace of the National Guard
In 1637, the first muster on Salem Common took place where for the first time, a regiment of militia drilled for the common defense of a multi-community area, thus laying the foundation for what became the Army National Guard.
On August 19, 2010, the Governor of Massachusetts, Deval Patrick, signed HB1145, "An Act Designating the City of Salem as the Birthplace of the National Guard." This is the first step and was later approved by the House in Washington in March 2012.
Every year in April, the Second Corps of Cadets gather in front of St. Peter's Episcopal Church, where the body of their founder, Stephen Abbott, is buried. They lay a wreath, play Taps and fire a 21-gun salute.
In another annual commemoration, soldiers gather at Old Salem Armory to honor soldiers who were killed in the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
On April 14, 2012, Salem celebrated the 375th anniversary of the first muster on Salem Common with over more than 1,000 troops taking part in ceremonies and a parade.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Salem, Massachusetts
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "SCNA History". Salem Common Neighborhood Association. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
- "John Bertram House - SalWiki".
- "John Bertram House - John Bertram House".
- writer, Jesse RomanStaff. "National Guard bill passes muster with House".
- "Statement by the Press Secretary on Bills Signed on January 10, 2013". 10 January 2013.
- "Muster's 375th anniversary today".