Salesópolis

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Salesópolis
Municipality
Aerial view of Salesópolis
Aerial view of Salesópolis
Flag of Salesópolis
Flag
Coat of arms of Salesópolis
Coat of arms
Location of Salesópolis
Location of Salesópolis
Salesópolis is located in Brazil
Salesópolis
Salesópolis
Location of Salesópolis
Coordinates: 23°50′46″S 46°37′47″W / 23.84611°S 46.62972°W / -23.84611; -46.62972Coordinates: 23°50′46″S 46°37′47″W / 23.84611°S 46.62972°W / -23.84611; -46.62972
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State  São Paulo
Government
 • Mayor Benedito Rafael da Silva (PR)
Area
 • Total 424.997 km2 (164.092 sq mi)
Elevation 850 m (2,790 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 16,688
 • Density 39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) BRST (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0,748 – medium
Website Salesópolis

Salesópolis is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo.[2] The population is 16,688 (2015 est.) in an area of 424.997 km².[1] Salesópolis sits at an elevation of 850 metres (2,790 ft). It is noted for being the source of the Tietê River.[3]

Salesópolis was founded in the 19th century as São José do Paraitinga, and later became the parish of Santana de Mogi das Cruzes in 1838. The parish was elevated to municipality status on March 24, 1857, but renamed Salesópolis in 1905 after a visit of the president of Brazil, Campos Sales (1841-1913).[3]

The Tietê River flows in the northern part of the municipality, and much of the southern part of the municipality is mountainous, heavily forested, and inaccessible. The Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica) of Salesópolis were largely destroyed in the late 19th and early 20th century, but 96 ha of the municipality are now protected as part of the Boracéia Biological Station, a unit of the Museum of Zoology of the University of São Paulo established in 1954. Salesópolis is home to the Buchenavia rabelloana, a species of plant in the Combretaceae family. The species is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.[4][5]

Population history[edit]

Year Population
2003 15,283
2004 15,294
2015 16,688

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  2. ^ Lei Complementar nº 1.139, de 16 de junho de 2011
  3. ^ a b "Salesópolis" (in Portuguese). Brasília, Brazil: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2015. Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  4. ^ Silva, N.M.F. (1998). "Buchenavia rabelloana". Brasília, Brazil: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  5. ^ "Estação Biológica de Boracéia" (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 2010. Retrieved 2015-07-01. 

External links[edit]