Salesforce Tower

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Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower SF 2017.jpg
Under construction in September 2017
Salesforce Tower is located in San Francisco
Salesforce Tower
Location within San Francisco
Salesforce Tower is located in California
Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower (California)
Salesforce Tower is located in the US
Salesforce Tower
Salesforce Tower (the US)
Former names Transbay Tower
Record height
Preceded by Transamerica Pyramid
General information
Status Complete
Type Commercial offices, retail
Location 415 Mission Street
San Francisco, California
Coordinates 37°47′24″N 122°23′49″W / 37.7899°N 122.3969°W / 37.7899; -122.3969Coordinates: 37°47′24″N 122°23′49″W / 37.7899°N 122.3969°W / 37.7899; -122.3969
Construction started 2013 (2013)
Completed 2018
Opening January 8, 2018
Cost US$1.1 billion
Owner Boston Properties (95%)
Hines Interests LP (5%)
Height 1,070 ft (326 m)[1]
Technical details
Floor count 61
Floor area 1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators 34
Design and construction
Architect Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects
Developer Boston Properties
Engineer Magnusson Klemencic Associates
Main contractor Clark Construction Group /
Hathaway Dinwiddie (joint venture)

Salesforce Tower, formerly known as the Transbay Tower, is a 1,070-foot (326 m)[1] office skyscraper in the South of Market district of downtown San Francisco. It is located at 415 Mission Street between First and Fremont Streets, next to the Transbay Transit Center site. Salesforce Tower is the centerpiece of the San Francisco Transbay redevelopment plan. The plan contains a mix of office, transportation, retail, and residential uses. Upon its completion in 2018 it became the tallest skyscraper in the San Francisco skyline, with a top roof height of 970 feet (296 m) and overall height of 1,070 feet (326 m), surpassing the 853 feet (260 m) Transamerica Pyramid. It is also the second-tallest building west of the Mississippi River after the 1,100 feet (335 m) Wilshire Grand in Los Angeles.[11]


Developer Hines, with a proposal by architect César Pelli, was selected as the winner of a global competition in 2007 to entitle and purchase the site. A seven-member jury of development experts assembled by the Transbay Joint Powers Authority (TJPA) selected Hines over proposals from Forest City Enterprises and architect Richard Rogers; and from Rockefeller Development Group Corp. and Skidmore Owings & Merrill.[12] In 2012, Boston Properties acquired a 50% stake in the project and in 2013 acquired most of Hines' remaining interest to become 95% owners of the project.[13]

The site of the tower was in a dilapidated area, formerly used as a ground-level entrance to the San Francisco Transbay Terminal, which was demolished in 2011. The TJPA sold the parcel to Boston Properties and Hines for US$192 million,[14] and ceremonial groundbreaking for the new tower occurred on March 27, 2013, with below-grade construction work starting in late 2013.[15][16] The project is a joint venture between general contractors Clark Construction and Hathaway Dinwiddie Construction.[16][17]

The footprint of Salesforce Tower rests on land fill near San Francisco's original waterfront, an area prone to soil liquefaction during earthquakes. To account for this seismic risk, the tower uses a design that is modeled to withstand the strongest earthquakes expected in the region.[18] Its foundation includes 42 piles driven down nearly 300 feet (91 m) to bedrock and a 14-foot (4.3 m) thick foundation mat.[19]

The development was originally contracted on spec, as Hines did not have a major tenant lease secured beforehand. On April 11, 2014, announced that it signed a lease for 714,000 square feet (66,300 m2) to become the building's anchor tenant.[10] Previously known as the Transbay Tower, the building was renamed Salesforce Tower.[20] The lease was valued at US$560 million over 15 and a half years starting in 2017.[21]

The tower opened in 2018 and has 61 floors, with a decorative crown reaching 1,070 ft (326 m). The original proposal called for a 1,200-foot (370 m) tower, but the height was later reduced.[9] The building's first tenants began moving in on January 8, 2018. Upon opening, the building was 97% leased to tenants including Salesforce, Covington & Burling, WeWork, Bain & Company, Accenture, and Hellman & Friedman.[22]

In popular culture[edit]

Salesforce Tower's first appearance in film was the 2014 animated film Big Hero 6. Although Salesforce Tower was still under construction when the film was released, it appeared in the film as a completed tower.[23][24]

In Ubisoft's Watch Dogs 2, the tower can also be seen completed, even though the video game was released in 2016 and set in that same year, while the building was still under construction.[25]

The crown of the tower features a nine-story electronic sculpture, "Day for Night", created by artist Jim Campbell that features low resolution, abstract videos of San Francisco that will be filmed each day. At its activation on 21 May 2018, it was considered the tallest public art piece in the world.[26][27]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Salesforce Tower - Clark Construction". Clark Construction Group, LLC.
  2. ^ "Project Description: 101 First Street (Transbay Tower)" (PDF). San Francisco Planning Commission. 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
  3. ^ Salesforce Tower at Emporis
  4. ^ "Salesforce Tower". SkyscraperPage.
  5. ^ Salesforce Tower at Structurae
  6. ^ "Pelli Clarke Pelli Transbay Tower Description". Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  7. ^ King, John (2007-08-12). "Plan B: Architects: Pelli Clarke Pelli". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
  8. ^ King, John (2007-09-21). "'Aggressive schedule' for proposed Transbay transit center, tower (picture)". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
  9. ^ a b "Yes, The Proposed Transbay Transit Tower Shrank A Hundred Feet". SocketSite. 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
  10. ^ a b "Boston Properties Signs a 714,000 Square Foot Lease with at Salesforce Tower (Formerly Transbay Tower)" (Press release). The Registry. April 11, 2014.
  11. ^ "LA vs SF in Battle for Tallest Building". 2015-01-26. Retrieved 2015-07-25.
  12. ^ King, John (2007-09-10). "Jury names favorite for Transbay terminal, tower". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  13. ^ Dineen, J.K. (2013-03-19). "Boston Properties takes control of Transbay Tower, S.F.'s tallest building". Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  14. ^ "Boston Properties and Hines Close on Record Land Sale for Transbay Transit Tower Parcel" (Press release). BusinessWire. March 26, 2013.
  15. ^ Dineen, J.K. (2013-03-27). "Hines, Boston Properties sling ceremonial dirt in Transbay ground-breaking". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
  16. ^ a b "Clark to Build San Francisco's Transbay Tower" (Press release). 2013-08-12. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
  17. ^ Rosato Jr., Joe (2013-03-28). "The Man Behind the New Transbay Tower". NBC Bay Area. Retrieved 2013-04-06.
  18. ^ "The Salesforce Tower Utilizes a "Performance-based Seismic Design"". Conco. December 20, 2015. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  19. ^ Stockton, Nick (November 11, 2015). "It Took 18 Hours to Pour the Foundation for San Francisco's Tallest Skyscraper". WIRED.
  20. ^ Ellen Huet and John Coté (April 11, 2014). "Salesforce makes landmark deal to lease half of Transbay Tower". San Francisco Chronicle.
  21. ^ Hoge, Patrick (April 11, 2014). "Salesforce dominates Transbay Tower with San Francisco's biggest lease ever". San Francisco Business Times.
  22. ^ Torres, Blanca (January 10, 2018). "San Francisco's tallest building, Salesforce Tower, opens at 97 percent leased". San Francisco Business Times.
  23. ^ "Salesforce on Twitter". Twitter. November 12, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  24. ^ "Hines: In case you missed it..." Facebook. September 4, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  25. ^
  26. ^ Whiting, Sam (September 13, 2017). "Preview of Salesforce sculpture at Hosfelt Gallery". SF Gate. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
  27. ^ Heller, Nathan (May 25, 2018). "The Bright Lights of the Salesforce Tower". The New Yorker. Retrieved June 14, 2018.

External links[edit]