Salford (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Salford in Greater Manchester for the 2005 general election.
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Salford and Eccles|
|Created from||Salford East, Eccles|
|Replaced by||Salford North, Salford South and Salford West|
Salford was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The borough constituency dated from 1997 and was abolished in 2010.
In 1832 the constituency was formed from the townships of Broughton, Pendleton and Salford, with part of the township of Pendlebury. The exact boundaries were defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832:
From the Northernmost Point at which the Boundary of the Township of Salford meets the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, Northward, along the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Salford; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Salford to the Point first described.
In 1883 the detached portion of Pendlebury was absorbed by Pendleton.
The constituency was re-created for the 1997 election. It boundaries were defined by the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995, and consisted of eight wards of the City of Salford: Blackfriars, Broughton, Claremont, Kersal, Langworthy, Ordsall, Pendleton, and Weaste & Seedley.
A very safe Labour seat which had some of the UK's most deprived areas, typified by council estates like Ordsall, Pendleton and Langworthy, which are now due for apparent redevelopment. Higher Broughton has a considerable Jewish population and has some very decent residential housing, but even here Labour are usually in the lead at local level; the Conservatives, like all the other neighbouring Manchester seats, are now in third place in General Elections.
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Following its review of parliamentary representation in Greater Manchester the Boundary Commission for England recommended that Salford be split into three new constituencies and this was enacted in 2010:
- Blackley and Broughton, a cross-border constituency formed with wards in the current Manchester Blackley seat.
- Salford and Eccles takes the existing Salford seat and marries it with central electoral wards of Eccles
- Worsley and Eccles South brings Walkden, Worsley and Eccles together in a new seat following the removal of the Wigan-Salford link
Members of Parliament
|1857 by-election||Edward Ryley Langworthy||Liberal|
|1857||William Nathaniel Massey||Liberal|
|Representation increased to two members 1868|
|Election||1st Member ||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1868||Charles Edward Cawley||Conservative||William Thomas Charley||Conservative|
|1877 by-election||Oliver Ormerod Walker||Conservative|
|1880||Benjamin Armitage||Liberal||Arthur Arnold||Liberal|
|1885||Parliamentary borough split into three single-member divisions: see Salford North, Salford South, Salford West|
|2010||Constituency abolished: see Salford and Eccles|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Salford|
|Liberal Democrat||Norman J. Owen||5,062||22.4||+6.2|
|Conservative||Miss Laetitia M. Cash||3,440||15.2||−0.1|
|UKIP||Mrs. Lisa A. Duffy||1,091||4.8||+4.8|
|General Election 2001: Salford|
|Liberal Democrat||Norman J. Owen||3,637||16.2||+5.9|
|Conservative||Christopher John King||3,446||15.3||−2.1|
|Socialist Alliance||Peter Michael Grant||414||1.8||N/A|
|Independent||Miss Sheilah Hazel Wallace||216||1.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Salford|
|Liberal Democrat||Norman J. Owen||3,407||10.3||N/A|
|Referendum||Robert W. Cumpsty||926||2.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Mrs. Susan Herman||162||0.5||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
- 1832 c.64, schedule "O"
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". Office of Public Sector Information. 1995. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]