Salford South (UK Parliament constituency)

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Salford South
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one
Replaced by Salford East and Salford West
Created from Salford

Salford South was a parliamentary constituency in the City of Salford in Greater Manchester from 1885 until 1950.[1] It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, which split the two-member Salford constituency into three divisions: Salford North, Salford South and Salford West. It was abolished for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

The constituency of Salford, South Division was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, and consisted of the following wards of the Borough of Salford: Crescent, Islington, Ordsall, St. Stephen's, and the part of Regent Ward east of the centre of Trafford Road.[2]

1918–1950[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised constituencies throughout Great Britain. Salford South was redefined as consisting of seven wards of the county borough of Salford: Crescent, Islington, Ordsall, Regent, Trafford, Trinity and Weaste.[3]

Abolition[edit]

The next redistribution of parliamentary constituencies took place under the Representation of the People Act 1948, and this led to the abolition of the Salford South constituency. Its area was divided between the borough constituencies of Salford East and Salford West.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 William Mather Liberal
1886 Sir Henry Hoyle Howorth Conservative
1900 James Grimble Groves Conservative
1906 Hilaire Belloc Liberal
1910 Sir Clement Anderson Barlow Conservative
1923 Joseph Toole Labour
1924 Edmund Ashworth Radford Conservative
1929 Joseph Toole Labour
1931 John Joseph Stourton Conservative
1945 Edward Arthur Hardy Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Salford South [4][5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Mather 3,761 50.4 n/a
Conservative Thomas Gibson Bowles 3,706 49.6 n/a
Majority 55 0.8 n/a
Turnout 85.7 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Salford South [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Howorth 3,615 50.9 +1.3
Liberal William Mather 3,489 49.1 -1.3
Majority 126 1.8 2.6
Turnout 81.5 -4.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +1.3

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Salford South [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Howorth 3,406 46.5
Liberal Alexander Forrest 3,369 46.0
Social Democratic Federation William Knight Hall 553 7.5
Majority 37 0.5
Turnout 80.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1895: Salford South [4][5][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Howorth 3,384 45.1
Liberal Alexander Forrest 3,310 44.1
Ind. Labour Party Henry William Hobart 813 10.8
Majority 74 1.0
Turnout 81.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Mond
General Election 1900: Salford South [4][5][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Grimble Groves 4,207 58.5
Liberal Alfred Mond 2,980 41.5
Majority 1,227 17.0 +16.0
Turnout 88.0 +9.1
Conservative hold Swing
Belloc
General Election 1906: Salford South[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hilaire Belloc 4,230 55.6
Conservative James Grimble Groves 3,378 44.4
Majority 852 11.2
Turnout 88.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Salford South[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hilaire Belloc 3,952 52.1
Conservative Anderson Montague-Barlow 3,636 47.9
Majority 316 4.2
Turnout 7,588 90.9
Liberal hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Salford South[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anderson Montague-Barlow 3,664 51.6
Liberal Hilaire Belloc 3,439 48.4
Majority 316 3.2
Turnout 7,103 85.1
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Montague-Barlow
General Election 1918: Salford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Anderson Montague-Barlow 14,265 71.1
Labour James Gorman 3,807 19.0
Liberal Francis Benedict Vincent Norris 1,994 9.9
Majority 10,458 52.1
Turnout 53.8
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Salford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Anderson Montague-Barlow unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Salford South [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Toole 12,097 46.0 n/a
Unionist Anderson Montague-Barlow 9,366 35.6 n/a
Liberal Edgar Rees Jones 4,851 18.4 n/a
Majority 2,731 10.4 n/a
Turnout 72.2 n/a
Labour gain from Unionist Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Salford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edmund Radford 15,163 51.2
Labour Joseph Toole 14,455 48.8
Majority 708
Turnout 79.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Salford South [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Joseph Toole 20,100 54.4
Unionist Edmund Radford 16,846 45.6
Majority 3,254 8.8
Turnout 36,946 78.7
Labour gain from Unionist Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Salford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Stourton 22,140 59.1
Labour Joseph Toole 15,302 40.9
Majority 6,838 18.2
Turnout
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Salford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Stourton 16,236 50.5
Labour Joseph Toole 15,932 49.5
Majority 304 1.0
Turnout 73.4
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Salford South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Edward Hardy 13,941 60.4
Conservative Murrough Richard O'Brien 9,150 39.6
Majority 4,791 20.8
Turnout 72.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Salford South 1885–1950". Millbank Systems. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  2. ^ Sixth Schedule. Divisions Of Boroughs: Number, Names, Contents, And Boundaries Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
  3. ^ Ninth Schedule, Redistribution of Seats, Part I, Parliamentary Boroughs, Representation of the People Act 1918 (C.64)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. ^ a b c d e The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ "Administrative unit Salford South PBDivCon". A Vision of Britain Through Time. 
  10. ^ Monitor and New Era 8 Nov 1913
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig