Salinas, Puerto Rico
Municipio de Salinas
Town and Municipality
Town Hall of Salinas
"El Pueblo del Mojo Isleño", "Cuna del Mojito Isleño", "Los Marlins"
Map of Puerto Rico highlighting Salinas Municipality
|Founded||July 22, 1851|
|• Mayor||Karilyn Bonilla Colón (PPD)|
|• Senatorial dist.||6 - Guayama|
|• Representative dist.||30|
|• Total||69.7 sq mi (180.4 km2)|
|• Density||450/sq mi (170/km2)|
| • Racial groups|
(2000 Census) 
0.4% American Indian/AN
0.1% Native Hawaiian/PI
9.8% Some other race
4.5% Two or more races
|Time zone||UTC-4 (AST)|
|Major routes|| |
Salinas (Spanish pronunciation: [saˈlinas]) is a municipality in the southern part of Puerto Rico located in the southern coast of the island, south of Aibonito and Cayey; southeast of Coamo, east of Santa Isabel; and west of Guayama. Salinas is spread over 5 barrios and Salinas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city).
It has long been a fishing spot for Puerto Ricans, known for its beaches, fish variety and the birthplace of the famous "mojito isleño".
Although Salinas doesn't have any commercial airports, there is a military training area there. Camp Santiago, which is Puerto Rico National Guard training center. Army National Guard, Air National Guard, State Guard, U.S. Army ROTC, U.S. Army Reserve and the U.S. Army conduct military training at Camp Santiago.
Salinas was founded on 1840. On July 22, 1841 was establish it first municipal council by Don Agustín Colón Pacheco as Mayor, Don Jose Maria Cadavedo as Sargent of Arms, Don Juan Colon as Captain of the Civil Guard and five hacendados which were Don Antonio Semidey, Don Antonio Morelli, Don Francisco Secola, Don Julio Delannoy and Don Jose Antonio Torres. In 1847 it was annexed to the municipality of Guayama until 1851 when it regained its status as a municipality.
In the 21st century the availability of clean drinking water has become an issue for Puerto Rico and especially for Salinas.
Salinas is on the southern coast.
- Gorges: The Callao, La Palma y Majada and Pasto Viejo.
- Lagoons: Mar Negro and Punta Arctias.
- Rivers: Río Jájome, Río Jueyes, Río Lapa and Río Nigua (Río Salina).
- Mountains: Cerro Las Tetas.
Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Salinas is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".
Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions) and subbarrios, in turn, are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.
Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Salinas: Las Mareas, Playita, el Coco, Comunidad Aguirre, El Coquí, Parcelas Vázquez, San Felipe, Sector Borinquén, and Sector Villa Cofresí.
Salinas is one of the main agricultural producers on the southern coast of Puerto Rico. It has large banana and papaya farms in its Lapa and Aguirre barrios. The Río Jueyes barrio is one of the main producers of beef in the south, counting with La Hacienda Las Carolinas which supplies Ganaderia Santiago, a slaughter house, with meat. Salinas also is headquarters for Canto Alegre, a company which specializes in poultry. This company supplies most of Puerto Rico's supermarkets with fresh poultry.
- Apparel, commercial fishing.
The Aguirre Sugar Cane Mill was the last operational sugar cane mill in Puerto Rico, and closed its doors in 1993. The Central Aguirre Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic places but there are no current plans to renovate the area, and is now mostly in ruins. Some other industries in Salinas include electrical and electronic machinery, plastics, sunglasses.
Landmarks and places of interest
There are 17 beaches in Salinas. Some of Salina's main attractions are:
- Albergue Olímpico (Olympic Hostel), is a sports complex and hostel with air conditioned rooms.
- Antigua Central Aguirre (Sugar Cane Mill)
- Camp Santiago
- Sports Museum
- Playa Salinas
Festivals and events
Salinas celebrates its patron saint festival in September. The Fiestas Patronales Nuestra Señora de la Monserrate is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.
Other festivals and events celebrated in Salinas include:
- Abey Carnival - February to celebrate Abey - Cacique (Chief) of Yucayeque, a village in the area of Abeyno, Salinas
- Pescao Festival - June
- Festival Del Mojo Isleño
Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898 and became a territory of the United States. In 1899, the United States conducted its first census of Puerto Rico finding that the population of Salinas was 5,731.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010
|Race - Salinas, Puerto Rico - 2000 Census|
|Race||Population||% of Total|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||29||0.4%|
|Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander||2||0.1%|
|Some other race||599||9.8%|
|Two or more races||211||4.5%|
All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. Karilyn Bonilla Colón (of the Popular Democratic Party) was elected as mayor at the 2012 general election, succeeding Carlos Rodríguez Mateo.
There are 41 bridges in Salinas.
The municipio has an official flag and coat of arms.
On a green rectangular field, five white isosceles triangles equal in size, placed in the center of the flag and forming a row that covers the extent of the background. The green represents the land and the triangles hills of salt from which the name of the town is derived.
Coat of arms
The shield uses the traditional colors of the town; green and silver. The salt knolls indicate in graphical form the name of the town: Salinas. The fish refer to the fishing. The sugar cane leaves that surround the shield, symbolize the sugar cane plantations.
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