Salinas, Puerto Rico

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Salinas

Municipio de Salinas
Town and Municipality
Cordillera Central as seen from Salinas
Cordillera Central as seen from Salinas
Flag of Salinas
Flag
Coat of arms of Salinas
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"El Pueblo del Mojo Isleño", "Cuna del Mojito Isleño", "Los Marlins"
Anthem: "Salinas"
Location of Salinas in Puerto Rico
Location of Salinas in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 17°58′39″N 66°17′53″W / 17.9774659°N 66.2979460°W / 17.9774659; -66.2979460Coordinates: 17°58′39″N 66°17′53″W / 17.9774659°N 66.2979460°W / 17.9774659; -66.2979460
CountryUnited States
TerritoryPuerto Rico
FoundedJuly 22, 1851
Government
 • MayorKarilyn Bonilla Colón (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.6 - Guayama
 • Representative dist.30 
Area
 • Total69.7 sq mi (180.4 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total31,078
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
 • Racial groups
(2000 Census) [1]
74.6%White
10.6% Black
0.4% American Indian/AN
0.1% Asian
0.1% Native Hawaiian/PI
9.8% Some other race
4.5% Two or more races
Demonym(s)Salinenses
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Zip code
00751
Area code787
Major RoutesPR primary 1.svg PR primary 3.svg CR 180 jct wide.svg
Toll plate yellow.svg Toll plate yellow.svg
PR primary 52.svg PR primary 53.svg

Salinas (Spanish pronunciation: [saˈlinas]) is a municipality in the southern part of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the southern coast of the island, south of Aibonito and Cayey; southeast of Coamo, east of Santa Isabel; and west of Guayama. Salinas is spread over 5 wards and Salinas Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city).

It has long been a fishing spot for Puerto Ricans, known for its beaches, fish variety and the birthplace of the famous "mojito isleño".

Although Salinas doesn't have any commercial airports, there is a military training area there. Camp Santiago, which is Puerto Rico National Guard training center. Army National Guard, Air National Guard, State Guard, U.S. Army ROTC, U.S. Army Reserve and the U.S. Army conduct military training at Camp Santiago.

Salinas is also home to Miss Universe 2006, Zuleyka Rivera and to the former World Boxing Association Welterweight champion of the world, Angel Espada.

History[edit]

Salinas was founded in July 22, 1841 by Don Agustín Colón Pacheco as Mayor, Don Jose Maria Cadavedo as Sargent of Arms, Don Juan Colon as Captain of the Civil Guard and five hacendados which were Don Antonio Semidey, Don Antonio Morelli, Don Francisco Secola, Don Julio Delannoy and Don Jose Antonio Torres.

Geography[edit]

as seen from PR-52 NB Rest area at km 49.0

Salinas[2] is on the southern coast.

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of Salinas.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Salinas is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[3][4][5][6]

  1. Aguirre
  2. Lapa
  3. Palmas
  4. Quebrada Yeguas
  5. Río Jueyes
  6. Salinas barrio-pueblo[7]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Salinas is one of the main agricultural producers on the southern coast of Puerto Rico. It has large banana and papaya farms in its Lapa and Aguirre barrios. The Río Jueyes barrio is one of the main producers of beef in the south, counting with La Hacienda Las Carolinas which supplies Ganaderia Santiago, a slaughter house, with meat. Salinas also is headquarters for Canto Alegre, a company which specializes in poultry. This company supplies most of Puerto Rico's supermarkets with fresh poultry.

Business[edit]

  • Apparel, commercial fishing.

Industry[edit]

The Aguirre Sugar Cane Mill was the last operational sugar cane mill in Puerto Rico, and closed its doors in 1993. The Central Aguirre Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic places but there are no current plans to renovate the area, and is now mostly in ruins.[8] Some other industries in Salinas include electrical and electronic machinery, plastics, sunglasses.

Special Communities Program[edit]

In 2001, law 1-2001 was passed[9] to identify communities with high levels of poverty in Puerto Rico.[10] In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[11][12] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods are in Salinas: Las Mareas, Playita, Comunidad Aguirre, El Coquí, Parcelas Vázquez, San Felipe, Sector Borinquén, and Sector Villa Cofresí.[13]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

View of "El Cayo Matias" in Salinas
  • Albergue Olímpico (Olympic Hostel), is a sports complex and hostel with air conditioned rooms.[14]
  • Antigua Central Aguirre (Sugar Cane Mill)
  • Camp Santiago
  • Sports Museum
  • Playa Salinas

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Abey Carnival - February
    • Abey - Cacique (Chief) of yucayeque-(village) in the area of Abeyno Salinas, Puerto Rico.
  • Pescao Festival - June
  • Matron Celebration - September
  • Festival Del Mojo Isleño

Demographics[edit]

Demographic distribution
Race - Salinas, Puerto Rico - 2000 Census[15]
Race Population % of Total
White 4,645 74.6%
Black/African American 647 10.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 29 0.4%
Asian 8 0.1%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 2 0.1%
Some other race 599 9.8%
Two or more races 211 4.5%

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. Karilyn Bonilla Colón (of the Popular Democratic Party) was elected as mayor at the 2012 general election, succeeding Carlos Rodríguez Mateo.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VI, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Miguel Pereira Castillo and Angel M. Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[16]

Transportation[edit]

There are 41 bridges in Salinas.[17]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

On a green rectangular field, five white isosceles triangles equal in size, placed in the center of the flag and forming a row that covers the extent of the background. The green represents the land and the triangles hills of salt from which the name of the town is derived.

Coat of arms[edit]

The shield uses the traditional colors of the town; green and silver. The salt knolls indicate in graphical form the name of the town: Salinas. The fish refer to the fishing. The sugar cane leaves that surround the shield, symbolize the sugar cane plantations.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Demographics/Ethnic U.S 2000 census" (PDF). Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Salinas Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  4. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  5. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  6. ^ "Map of Salinas at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  7. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  8. ^ "The Ruins of Central Aguirre". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  14. ^ Valiente, Jose (July 7, 2019). "S2 VLOG_098 Como vive un atleta en el albergue olimpico" – via YouTube.
  15. ^ "Ethnicity 2000 census" (PDF). Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  16. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  17. ^ "Salinas Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External links[edit]