Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve

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Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve
IUCN category II (national park)
Arequipa Salinas and Aguada Blanca National Reserve.jpg
Rock formations at Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve
Map showing the location of Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve
Location of Salinas y Aguada Blanca in Peru
Location Part of the regions of Arequipa and Moquegua, Peru
Area 25 km²
Established 09 August 1979
Governing body SERNANP

Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve is a protected area located in the regions of Arequipa and Moquegua; Peru. The main purpose of this area is to protect the local flora, fauna and landscape formations.[1]

History[edit]

The area was declared a national reserve on 9 August 1979 by decree N° 070-79-AA.[1] Salinas y Aguada Blanca was designated as a Ramsar site in 2003.[1]

Geography[edit]

Salinas y Aguada Blanca National Reserve is located in the provinces of Caylloma and Arequipa in the region of Arequipa; and in the province of Sanchez Cerro in the region of Moquegua.[1] It spans an area of 366,936 hectares (3,669.36 km2)[1] which covers the headwaters of important local rivers like Yura and Chili.[2]

The landscape features high Andean plateaus dotted by lakes and meadows; and surrounded by volcanoes like Ubinas, Misti, Pichu Pichu and Chachani in the southwest and by mounts Chuccura and Huarancante in the north.[1] Although initially declared an area with the aim to protect local camelids, it has since become a protected water source for the city of Arequipa.[1] Precipitation carried by the eastern winds is captured by the local vegetation and stored in the lakes, meadows and soil; thus giving a valuable environmental service to the region.[1]

The reserve is populated to some extent; most of its territory belongs to thirteen peasant communities and more than 100 private smallholders recognized by law.[1]

Ecology[edit]

The area is representative of the puna ecosystem.[2]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ugarte-Nunez, Joaquin A.; Lourdes Mosaurieta-Echegaray (2000). "Assessment of Threats to Flamingos at the Salinas and Aguada Blanca National Nature Reserve (Arequipa, Peru)". Waterbirds. 23 (Special Publication 1: Conservation Biology of Flamingos): 134–140. doi:10.2307/1522158. JSTOR 1522158. 

External links[edit]



Coordinates: 16°06′08″S 71°13′08″W / 16.1021°S 71.219°W / -16.1021; -71.219