Saline County, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saline County
Former Saline County Courthouse in Harrisburg
Former Saline County Courthouse in Harrisburg
Official seal of Saline County
Map of Illinois highlighting Saline County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°45′N 88°32′W / 37.75°N 88.54°W / 37.75; -88.54
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1847
Named forSaline River
SeatHarrisburg
Largest cityHarrisburg
Area
 • Total387 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Land380 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Water7.0 sq mi (18 km2)  1.8%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total23,768
 • Density61/sq mi (24/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district12th
Websitewww.salinecounty.illinois.gov

Saline County is a county in Southern Illinois. At the 2020 census, it had a population of 23,768.[1] The largest city and county seat is Harrisburg.[2] This area of Southern Illinois is known locally as "Little Egypt".

Three major towns in Saline County are connected by U.S. Route 45, and formerly by the now-abandoned Cairo and Vincennes/Big Four/New York Central Line, from north to south: Eldorado, Harrisburg, and Carrier Mills.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 387 square miles (1,000 km2), of which 380 square miles (980 km2) is land and 7.0 square miles (18 km2) (1.8%) is water.[3]

The Saline County area is mostly rolling hills throughout gradually rising to the Hills of the Shawnee National Forest. The Saline River flows through the central point of the county in three forks: North, Middle, and South. To the north of Eldorado there are flat lowlands.[4]

Climate and weather[edit]

Harrisburg, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3.2
 
 
40
22
 
 
3.1
 
 
46
25
 
 
4.4
 
 
57
35
 
 
4.6
 
 
68
45
 
 
5
 
 
77
54
 
 
4.5
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.9
 
 
89
68
 
 
3.2
 
 
88
65
 
 
3
 
 
81
57
 
 
3
 
 
70
44
 
 
4.2
 
 
56
36
 
 
3.9
 
 
45
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]
Metric conversion
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
81
 
 
4
−6
 
 
78
 
 
8
−4
 
 
113
 
 
14
2
 
 
118
 
 
20
7
 
 
126
 
 
25
12
 
 
114
 
 
29
17
 
 
100
 
 
32
20
 
 
82
 
 
31
18
 
 
77
 
 
27
14
 
 
77
 
 
21
7
 
 
107
 
 
13
2
 
 
99
 
 
7
−3
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Harrisburg have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in February 1951 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.04 inches (77 mm) in September to 4.98 inches (126 mm) in May.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18505,588
18609,33167.0%
187012,71436.3%
188015,94025.4%
189019,34221.3%
190021,68512.1%
191030,20439.3%
192038,35327.0%
193037,100−3.3%
194038,0662.6%
195033,420−12.2%
196026,227−21.5%
197025,721−1.9%
198028,44810.6%
199026,551−6.7%
200026,7330.7%
201024,913−6.8%
202023,768−4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,913 people, 10,379 households, and 6,631 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 65.6 inhabitants per square mile (25.3/km2). There were 11,697 housing units at an average density of 30.8 per square mile (11.9/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 93.0% white, 4.0% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 17.8% were Irish, 16.6% were German, 12.9% were American, and 11.1% were English.[12]

Of the 10,379 households, 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.1% were non-families, and 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 41.7 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,644 and the median income for a family was $46,314. Males had a median income of $41,108 versus $28,464 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,903. About 13.4% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Saline County is divided into thirteen townships:

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Saline County, Illinois[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,103 73.07% 2,789 25.15% 197 1.78%
2016 8,276 72.70% 2,572 22.59% 536 4.71%
2012 6,806 63.49% 3,701 34.52% 213 1.99%
2008 6,099 53.15% 5,083 44.29% 294 2.56%
2004 7,057 59.73% 4,697 39.76% 60 0.51%
2000 5,933 50.93% 5,427 46.58% 290 2.49%
1996 3,693 31.66% 6,156 52.77% 1,816 15.57%
1992 3,667 27.67% 7,258 54.76% 2,329 17.57%
1988 5,798 46.31% 6,676 53.32% 47 0.38%
1984 7,176 54.15% 6,038 45.57% 37 0.28%
1980 7,157 53.95% 5,683 42.84% 425 3.20%
1976 5,970 44.25% 7,472 55.38% 51 0.38%
1972 7,660 59.30% 5,226 40.46% 32 0.25%
1968 6,913 49.92% 5,985 43.22% 951 6.87%
1964 5,691 40.57% 8,337 59.43% 0 0.00%
1960 8,853 56.36% 6,835 43.52% 19 0.12%
1956 8,481 53.96% 7,215 45.91% 20 0.13%
1952 9,206 54.13% 7,771 45.70% 29 0.17%
1948 7,676 49.57% 7,718 49.84% 91 0.59%
1944 9,083 54.92% 7,351 44.45% 105 0.63%
1940 10,567 49.43% 10,692 50.02% 118 0.55%
1936 9,055 46.16% 10,253 52.27% 308 1.57%
1932 6,294 38.21% 9,725 59.04% 454 2.76%
1928 7,525 53.82% 6,337 45.32% 121 0.87%
1924 6,084 47.03% 4,037 31.21% 2,816 21.77%
1920 6,722 52.96% 3,500 27.58% 2,470 19.46%
1916 7,061 50.49% 5,930 42.41% 993 7.10%
1912 1,468 18.10% 3,599 44.37% 3,044 37.53%
1908 3,125 52.12% 2,471 41.21% 400 6.67%
1904 2,735 56.93% 1,758 36.59% 311 6.47%
1900 2,495 52.46% 2,186 45.96% 75 1.58%
1896 2,605 52.81% 2,296 46.54% 32 0.65%
1892 2,171 49.90% 1,828 42.01% 352 8.09%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  4. ^ State Geologist, Illinois (1875). "Geological Survey of Illinois". google.com. Retrieved June 14, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Harrisburg, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°45′N 88°32′W / 37.75°N 88.54°W / 37.75; -88.54