Saline County, Kansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Saline County
Smoky Hills Museum in Salina (2013)
Smoky Hills Museum in Salina (2013)
Map of Kansas highlighting Saline County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°47′00″N 97°40′00″W / 38.7833°N 97.6667°W / 38.7833; -97.6667
Country United States
State Kansas
FoundedFebruary 15, 1860
Named forSaline River
SeatSalina
Largest citySalina
Area
 • Total721 sq mi (1,870 km2)
 • Land720 sq mi (1,900 km2)
 • Water1.1 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%
Population
 • Total54,303
 • Density75.4/sq mi (29.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitesaline.org

Saline County (standard abbreviation: SA) is located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 54,303.[1] The largest city and county seat is Salina.[2]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Saline County

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per [cre. In 1848, after the Mexican–American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

19th century[edit]

In 1860, Saline County was founded.

20th century[edit]

Saline County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1994.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 721 square miles (1,870 km2), of which 720 square miles (1,900 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.8 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18704,246
188013,808225.2%
189017,44226.3%
190017,076−2.1%
191020,33819.1%
192025,10323.4%
193029,33716.9%
194029,5350.7%
195033,40913.1%
196054,71563.8%
197046,592−14.8%
198048,9055.0%
199049,3010.8%
200053,5978.7%
201055,6063.7%
202054,303−2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[1]
Population pyramid based on 2000 census age data

Saline County is part of the Salina Micropolitan Statistical Area.[9]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 53,597 people, 21,436 households, and 14,212 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile (29/km2). There were 22,695 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.17% White, 3.10% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.70% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.33% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. 6.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,436 households in the county, out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.70% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,308, and the median income for a family was $46,362. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $22,047 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,073. About 6.00% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Board of Commissioners[edit]

Saline County is governed by a Board of Commissioners. The commission enacts the annual budget for the county, currently set at about $38,000,000, creates policy to be implemented by the county administrator, approves contracts, and oversees legislation relating to the health, safety, and well-being of the county's citizens.[11]

The Board of Commissioners has three members, one elected from each of the three commission districts. Commissioners are elected on a partisan basis.[11] The districts are reapportioned every three years, with the three districts being equally populated. Term lengths are four years.[11]

Current representatives on the Board of Commissioners are John Price (District 3; vice chairman), Monte Shadwick (District 1; secretary), and Jim Gile (District 2; chairman).[11] In 2014, citizens voted to change the number of commissioners from three to five. The group, “Drive for Five”, successfully campaigned for better representation of the people. Monte Shadwick easily won against long time commissioner Randy Duncan.

Governor Sam Brownback was tasked with appointing the two new commission members that will serve for two years and then be up for election by the people. On January 12, 2015, Luci Larson and Dave Smith were appointed to the newly created 4th and 5th Districts.[12]

County administrator[edit]

The county administrator is hired by the Board of Commissioners and is the administrative officer for the county. The administrator is responsible for researching administrative and operational issues and then presenting suggestions for improvement in government efficiency to the Board of Commissioners and for reviewing all requests for action brought to the Board of Commissioners. The county administrator also implements policies enacted by the Board of Commissioners, prepares the annual budget, and "supervises accounts payable, payroll, human resource division and central purchasing for the county."[13] As needed, the county administrator will represent the county on boards and commissions.[13]

The current county administrator is Andrew Manley.[13]

Presidential elections[edit]

United States presidential election results for Saline County, Kansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 15,722 64.09% 8,214 33.48% 595 2.43%
2016 13,828 62.67% 6,317 28.63% 1,919 8.70%
2012 13,840 64.38% 7,040 32.75% 616 2.87%
2008 14,165 62.16% 8,186 35.92% 437 1.92%
2004 15,111 65.58% 7,524 32.65% 406 1.76%
2000 12,412 57.66% 7,487 34.78% 1,628 7.56%
1996 12,475 55.34% 7,728 34.28% 2,338 10.37%
1992 8,565 36.26% 7,890 33.40% 7,168 30.34%
1988 11,371 57.96% 7,998 40.77% 249 1.27%
1984 15,244 69.41% 6,526 29.72% 191 0.87%
1980 12,758 60.27% 6,382 30.15% 2,029 9.58%
1976 11,218 55.79% 8,476 42.15% 413 2.05%
1972 12,592 68.74% 5,406 29.51% 321 1.75%
1968 9,324 55.43% 6,286 37.37% 1,212 7.20%
1964 6,533 39.94% 9,725 59.45% 99 0.61%
1960 11,023 62.74% 6,495 36.97% 50 0.28%
1956 11,172 69.32% 4,908 30.45% 37 0.23%
1952 12,326 75.12% 4,003 24.40% 80 0.49%
1948 7,928 53.14% 6,798 45.56% 194 1.30%
1944 7,571 59.51% 5,097 40.06% 55 0.43%
1940 7,975 54.69% 6,514 44.67% 92 0.63%
1936 6,061 43.35% 7,872 56.30% 50 0.36%
1932 5,265 41.22% 7,118 55.73% 389 3.05%
1928 7,872 71.20% 3,108 28.11% 76 0.69%
1924 6,534 62.20% 1,966 18.71% 2,005 19.09%
1920 5,554 64.42% 2,808 32.57% 260 3.02%
1916 3,984 43.25% 4,860 52.76% 368 3.99%
1912 534 11.15% 2,263 47.23% 1,994 41.62%
1908 2,297 50.15% 2,134 46.59% 149 3.25%
1904 2,797 70.35% 798 20.07% 381 9.58%
1900 2,245 49.67% 2,199 48.65% 76 1.68%
1896 1,706 42.01% 2,334 57.47% 21 0.52%
1892 1,817 45.17% 0 0.00% 2,206 54.83%
1888 2,263 57.97% 1,186 30.38% 455 11.65%


Saline County is a Republican stronghold: the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, who was also the last Democrat to carry the state's electoral votes. Saline has voted for the statewide winner in every presidential election since 1872, including for James Weaver in 1892.[15]

Laws[edit]

The county voted "No" on the 2022 Kansas Value Them Both Amendment, an anti-abortion ballot measure, by 55% to 45% despite backing Donald Trump with 64% of the vote to Joe Biden's 44% in the 2020 presidential election.[16]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

School district office in neighboring county

Private schools[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Saline County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

†This populated place is designated a Census-Designated Place (CDP) by the United States Census Bureau.

Townships[edit]

Saline County is divided into eighteen townships. The city of Salina is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Cambria 10100 New Cambria 450 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°54′3″N 97°31′44″W / 38.90083°N 97.52889°W / 38.90083; -97.52889
Dayton 17125 134 1 (4) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°55′0″N 97°25′18″W / 38.91667°N 97.42167°W / 38.91667; -97.42167
Elm Creek 20650 828 9 (23) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.39% 38°54′8″N 97°38′55″W / 38.90222°N 97.64861°W / 38.90222; -97.64861
Eureka 21925 Gypsum 664 7 (18) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°43′20″N 97°25′36″W / 38.72222°N 97.42667°W / 38.72222; -97.42667
Falun 22925 260 1 (4) 186 (72) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°39′26″N 97°47′14″W / 38.65722°N 97.78722°W / 38.65722; -97.78722
Glendale 26475 104 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°53′57″N 97°52′33″W / 38.89917°N 97.87583°W / 38.89917; -97.87583
Greeley 28375 809 10 (26) 79 (31) 0 (0) 0.09% 38°50′21″N 97°32′35″W / 38.83917°N 97.54306°W / 38.83917; -97.54306
Gypsum 29275 193 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°39′35″N 97°25′22″W / 38.65972°N 97.42278°W / 38.65972; -97.42278
Liberty 40350 183 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.44% 38°39′19″N 97°32′48″W / 38.65528°N 97.54667°W / 38.65528; -97.54667
Ohio 52425 463 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°49′12″N 97°45′9″W / 38.82000°N 97.75250°W / 38.82000; -97.75250
Pleasant Valley 56625 422 5 (12) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.43% 38°55′18″N 97°46′15″W / 38.92167°N 97.77083°W / 38.92167; -97.77083
Smoky Hill 66050 324 5 (14) 59 (23) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°50′21″N 97°39′35″W / 38.83917°N 97.65972°W / 38.83917; -97.65972
Smoky View 66075 Assaria 954 10 (27) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°39′25″N 97°37′34″W / 38.65694°N 97.62611°W / 38.65694; -97.62611
Smolan 66125 749 9 (23) 85 (33) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°44′24″N 97°38′26″W / 38.74000°N 97.64056°W / 38.74000; -97.64056
Solomon 66375 311 3 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°49′56″N 97°26′14″W / 38.83222°N 97.43722°W / 38.83222; -97.43722
Spring Creek 67500 Brookville 395 2 (6) 185 (72) 1 (0) 0.38% 38°46′42″N 97°51′47″W / 38.77833°N 97.86306°W / 38.77833; -97.86306
Walnut 75125 553 6 (15) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.79% 38°44′52″N 97°32′55″W / 38.74778°N 97.54861°W / 38.74778; -97.54861
Washington 75725 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 38°45′4″N 97°45′10″W / 38.75111°N 97.75278°W / 38.75111; -97.75278

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Saline County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2007.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
  9. ^ Nussle, Jim (November 20, 2008). "Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (PDF). List 1-9. Office of Management and Budget, Executive Office of the President. p. 97. Retrieved April 2, 2010.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ a b c d "Saline County - Board of Commissioners". Saline County, Kansas. Archived from the original on March 30, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  12. ^ http://salina.com/news/new-commissioners-respond-to-county-issues/article_4441b2da-7066-5250-9654-400658f7b1bf.html
  13. ^ a b c "Administrator". Saline County, Kansas. Archived from the original on April 30, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  15. ^ The Political Graveyard: Saline County, Kansas
  16. ^ Panetta, Grace (August 3, 2022). "14 of the 19 Kansas counties that rejected an anti-abortion amendment voted for Trump in 2020". Business Insider. Retrieved August 3, 2022.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps

Coordinates: 38°47′N 97°40′W / 38.783°N 97.667°W / 38.783; -97.667