Salisbury, Nassau County, New York

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Hamlet and census-designated place
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Salisbury is located in New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°44′43″N 73°33′34″W / 40.74528°N 73.55944°W / 40.74528; -73.55944Coordinates: 40°44′43″N 73°33′34″W / 40.74528°N 73.55944°W / 40.74528; -73.55944
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
 • Total 1.7 sq mi (4 km2)
 • Land 1.7 sq mi (4 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,093
 • Density 7,100/sq mi (2,700/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
U.S. Census Map

Salisbury is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in Nassau County, New York, United States. The population was 12,093 at the 2010 census. Many [William Levitt|Levitt]] style homes lie adjacent to Eisenhower Park, formerly Salisbury Park. Although sometimes referred to by realtors as "South Westbury", Salisbury is located in the Town of Hempstead, but located in the Westbury postal zone, served by the Westbury Railroad Station of the Long Island Railroad, shares fire districts with Westbury and East Meadow, and is within the East Meadow School District. The hamlet is 90% residential, with strip malls along Old Country Road and Carmen Avenue. There is a single house of worship, a Conservative Jewish synagogue. Most residents attend religious services in Westbury-proper. Nassau County Medical Center is nearby in East Meadow

Salisbury is so named because it sits on a broad, flat section of the larger Hempstead Plains that reminded late 19th Century Long Islanders of the Salisbury Plain in England, where Stonehenge is located. The [[Long Island Motor Parkway (LIMP), also known as the Vanderbilt Parkway] ] once bisected the Salisbury Plains running west to east across Salisbury, later Eisenhower Park. The route of the motor parkway is traced by a utility easement across the park, where it serves as a rough area separating two of the Nassau County park's three golf courses (the White and Blue Courses). The Red Course was originally part of a private golf club which played host to the 1926 PGA Championship won by the legendary Walter Hagan. A County property since 1944, in recent years the Red Course has hosted the PGA’s Champions Tour.

The park is also the former site of the Meadowbrook Polo Club, which played host to the cream of pre-World War I Long Island society. The Polo Club was served by the former Central Branch of the Long Island Rail Road, terminating at a now-demolished station across Merrick Avenue to the immediate northeast of the park's main entrance.

The park was renamed in honor of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower in an October 13, 1966 dedication ceremony presided over by sitting U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson and attended by President Eisenhower's grandson, David Eisenhower, and his wife, Julie Nixon Eisenhower. The dedication was attended by thousands, filling the natural amphitheater adjoining the park lake, but marred by hundreds of draft age males loudly protesting the Vietnam war.

Another famous "visitor" was aviator Charles A. Lindbergh, whose "Spirit of St. Louis" passed low over Salisbury shortly after taking off from Roosevelt Field on his immortal May 1927 solo flight from New York to Paris.

Salisbury is located at 40°44′43″N 73°33′34″W / 40.74528°N 73.55944°W / 40.74528; -73.55944 (40.745210, -73.559564).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²), of which, 1.7 square miles (4.5 km²) of it is land and 0.57% is water.


Salisbury, like most of the Hempstead Plains, was a largely unpopulated grassland until after World War II, when all but the northwest quadrant became the western fringe of the massive William Levitt housing development. The northwest quadrant developed beginning in 1954, acquiring the developer's designation "Birchwood", with split-level and ranch style housing; while the Levitt development acquired the designation "Bowling Green". There was once a Birchwood Pharmacy and a Salisbury Theater in the strip mall along Old Country Road. A K-6 school bearing the name Salisbury was erected in the 1955, with a larger K-6 school bearing the name "Bowling Green" erected in the Levitt community. Nothing illustrates the Birchwood / Bowling Green dichotomy better than the old saying that a Salisbury student was as likely to arrive home with a blue ribbon as a Bowling Green student was likely to arrive home with a bloody nose. The line of demarcation between the respective communities ran roughly west to east along Stewart Avenue, with the communities sharing a junior and senior high school, W. Tresper Clarke. For all the pugilistic prowess of Bowling Greeners, they have yet to help Clarke hoist a Rutgers Cup (emblematic of Nassau County high school football supremacy), in contrast to their Levitthian brethren at Hicksville, East Meadow (2) and Levittown Division (3) high schools.

Socio-economic distinctions quickly arose between the inhabitants of Birchwood, more often referred to by residents as Salisbury proper, and Bowling Green. The former were largely persons of middle-upper class ascent, while the latter came from working class households. Both groups had migrated from New York City during the post-war "baby boom". Their children mingled on Little League fields and in secondary school but, after graduation, followed markedly different paths. The sons and daughters of "Salisbury" for the most part attended college, avoided the Vietnam War and ultimately entered the professions, many after a fling in the counter culture of the Woodstock-era; while Bowling Green youth adopted the "Greaser" culture of Levittown, served in Vietnam, and those who were lucky enough to survive came back to a Long Island that had profoundly and irreversibly changed from the "ideal" 1950's of their childhood.

Eventually, dwindling enrollment resulted in Salisbury School being closed and merged with the much larger Bowling Green. In essence, the Birchwood quadrant of Salisbury ceased to exist as a separate community in the late-1970s, resulting in a less conspicuously divided community. Salisbury School was first converted into a BOCES campus, and more recently became the East Meadow School District's Administrative headquarters. From the building's physical appearance, someone approaching Salisbury School from Valentines Drive could be forgiven for forgetting that the halcyon days of the 1950's were 60 years ago.

At the 2000 census,[2] there were 12,341 people, 4,015 households and 3,340 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 7,164.1 per square mile (2,770.3/km²). There were 4,052 housing units at an average density of 2,352.3/sq mi (909.6/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.94% White, 1.03% African American, 0.14% Native American, 5.97% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.60% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.56% of the population.

There were 4,015 households of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.35.

Age distribution was with 24.4% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males.

The median household income was $73,641, and the median family income was $81,110. Males had a median income of $50,503 versus $37,002 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,579. About 1.9% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.