Salix eleagnos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Salix eleagnos
Salix eleagnos (Lavendel-Weide) IMG 37450.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Tribe: Saliceae
Genus: Salix
Species: Salix eleagnos
Binomial name
Salix eleagnos
Scop., 1772

Salix eleagnos the bitter willow,[1] olive willow,[2] hoary willow,[1] rosemary willow,[1] or elaeagnus willow,[3] is a species of flowering plant in the family Salicaceae, native to central and southern Europe and south west Asia. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall by 5 m (16 ft) broad, it is an erect bushy deciduous shrub with narrow grey-green leaves up to 20 cm (8 in) long, which turn yellow in autumn (fall). The green catkins, 3–6 cm (1–2 in) long, appear with the leaves in spring, male catkins having yellow anthers.[4]

Like all willows, the species is dioecious. The specific epithet eleagnos is frequently spelt elaeagnos, though the original spelling has been accepted as a correct Greek form.[1]

Salix eleagnos subsp. angustifolia has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d "USDA GRIN Taxonomy for plants - Salix eleagnos". Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ "Salix elaeagnos". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 26 October 2015. 
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Salix eleagnos subsp. angustifolia". Retrieved 2 June 2013.