|Address||252 rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré|
|Public transit||Ternes, Charles de Gaulle – Étoile, Charles de Gaulle – Étoile, 30, 31, 43, 93|
|Type||Performing arts center|
|Capacity||2,000 seated + extra 500 due to new removable pit|
|Current use||Concert hall|
|Architect||Gustave Lyon, Jacques Marcel Auburtin, André Granet and Jean-Baptiste Mathon|
The Salle Pleyel (French pronunciation: [sal plɛjɛl], meaning "Pleyel Hall") is a concert hall in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France, designed by acoustician Gustave Lyon together with architect Jacques Marcel Auburtin, who died in 1926, and the work was completed in 1927 by his collaborators André Granet and Jean-Baptiste Mathon. Its varied programme includes contemporary and popular music. Until 2015, the hall was a major venue for classical orchestral music, with Orchestre de Paris and the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France as resident ensembles.
An earlier salle Pleyel seating 300 opened in December 1839 at 22 rue Rochechouart; it saw the premieres of many important works, including Chopin's Ballade Op.38 and Scherzo Op.39 (April 26, 1841), Ballade Op.47 (February 21, 1842) and Barcarolle Op.60 (February 16, 1848), the second (1868) and fifth (1896) piano concertos by Saint-Saëns, and Ravel's Pavane pour une infante défunte and Jeux d'eau (April 5, 1902) and Sonata for Violin and Cello (April 6, 1922).
A replacement 3,000-seat hall was commissioned in 1927 by piano manufacturer Pleyel et Cie. The design work was divided in two: the main designer of the concert hall was Gustave Lyon, an acoustician, director of the Pleyel musical instrument factory and an inventor of several musical instruments. But he entrusted the architectural design to the architect Jacques Marcel Auburtin, who died in 1926, and the work was completed by two of his collaborators, André Granet and Jean-Baptiste Mathon. The building work began on December 5, 1924 on the land located at No. 252 rue du Faubourg-Saint-Honoré, near Place de l'Etoile, and was completed in 1927.
The inauguration concert by the Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, with Robert Casadesus as soloist and Igor Stravinsky, Maurice Ravel, and Philippe Gaubert as conductors, included music by Wagner, Manuel de Falla, Igor Stravinsky, Paul Dukas, Debussy, and Ravel. A fire ravaged the interior of the hall on 28 June 1928 and the renovation cost made it impossible to repay the loan to Crédit Lyonnais bank, which eventually took over the property and reduced the seats to 2,400. They in turn sold the hall to Hubert Martigny in 1998.
On 19 August 1945, the Commanding General, U.S. Army Theater Service Forces, European Theater of Operations Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee gave his V-J Day speech and bade farewell to some 300 officers of the Paris Garrison, many of whom were soon heading home to civilian lives.
From 2002 to 2006, the hall underwent major renovation. The acoustics of the hall and the public and service areas were improved, and seating decreased from the post-fire 2,400 seats to 1,913.
The Salle Pleyel has been owned by the Cité de la Musique since 2009. Its status as a classical music venue effectively ended in January 2015, when its programming was transferred to the newly-opened Philharmonie de Paris concert hall.
An orchestral concert featuring live performances of music from various Bandai Namco Entertainment-produced video games, such as Dark Souls and Tekken, took place on February 4, 2017. The event was attended by Motoi Sakuraba and Go Shiina, composers of the aforementioned games.
In terms of influence, at the time of its completion, the concert hall was lauded for its acoustics by the leading modernist architect Le Corbusier. The interior form (tapered plan and curved ceiling) had an influence on the design of churches designed by the Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, firstly in his proposal for a church in Helsinki (1929, unbuilt) but also for a church he designed in Wolfsburg, Germany (built 1960).
- "Paris Music: Salle Pleyel offers top performances in a stylish venue". Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- "Salle Pleyel". Retrieved 25 November 2018.
- "Salle Pleyel". Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- "The renovation of the Salle Pleyel". Archived from the original on 2008-06-07. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Mousnier, J-P., Pierre Monteux. L’Harmattan, Paris and Montréal, 1999, p77.
- Lebrecht, Norman, "Thousands Mobilise to Save Classical Music at Salle Pleyel", December 26, 2014, at http://www.classictic.com/en/special/salle_pleyel/624/
- Osborn, Alex. "Dark Souls to Be Featured in Bandai Namco's Orchestral Concert in Europe". IGN. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Schildt, Göran, Alvar Aalto: A Life's Work - Architecture, Design and Art, Otava, Helsinki, 1994, p.46.
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