Salluit

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Salluit

ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ
Looking east, October 2008
Looking east, October 2008
Salluit is located in Quebec
Salluit
Salluit
Coordinates (64, rue Aqqutituqaq[1]): 62°12′N 75°39′W / 62.200°N 75.650°W / 62.200; -75.650Coordinates: 62°12′N 75°39′W / 62.200°N 75.650°W / 62.200; -75.650[2]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionNord-du-Québec
TEKativik
ConstitutedDecember 29, 1979
Government
 • MayorPaulusie Papigatuk Senior
 • MPRomeo Saganish
 • Provincial MPJean Boucher
Area
 • Total14.70 km2 (5.68 sq mi)
 • Land14.66 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
 • Population Centre0.4 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Elevation
 (at airport)[5]
227 m (745 ft)
Population
(2016)[3][4]
 • Total1,483
 • Density101.1/km2 (262/sq mi)
 • Change (2011–16)
Increase10.1%
 • Population Centre
1,075
 • Population Centre density2,694.9/km2 (6,980/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Websitenvsalluit.ca

Salluit (Inuktitut: ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ, "the thin ones")[6] is the second northernmost Inuit community in Quebec, Canada, located on Sugluk Inlet close to the Hudson Strait and was formerly known as Sugluk. Its population was 1,483 in the Canada 2016 Census and the population centre had 1,075 people.[3][4] It is not accessible by road, but by air through Salluit Airport.

Salluit means "The Thin Ones" in Inuktitut, referring to a time when local inhabitants were facing starvation as a result of a lack of wildlife.

History[edit]

In 1925, an independent trader opened a trading post on the site of present-day Salluit. Not to be outdone, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) quickly established its own post on the far shore of Sugluk Inlet but relocated it soon after to Deception Bay, about 53.5 km (33.2 mi) to the east. In 1930, the HBC built a store at present-day Salluit and closed its post at Deception Bay in 1932. The golden years of fur trading came to an end around 1936 when the price of pelts collapsed.

In 1930 a Catholic mission was established, closing some twenty years later, but followed by an Anglican mission in 1955. The Government of Canada opened a day school in 1957. As more public services were being delivered, Inuit settled around the small village. The first residential houses were built in 1959 and ten years later a co-operative store was established by its residents. Salluit legally became a municipality in 1979.

Since 1996, the police services in Salluit are provided by the Kativik Regional Police Force[7].

Looking north, July 2001
Beluga butchered on the beach, 7 July 2001

Education[edit]

The Kativik School Board operates two schools in Salluit. The first is Pigiurvik School, which is the primary school. The second is Ikusik School, which is the secondary school. Students attend Pigiurvik from Grade 1 - Grade 5, before attending Ikusik for Grade 6 - Secondary V.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Geographic code 99135 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  2. ^ Reference number 92768 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2499135) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census Salluit [Population centre]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  5. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 3 January 2019 to 0901Z 28 February 2019.
  6. ^ http://www.nunavik-tourism.com/Salluit.aspx
  7. ^ KRPF. "General Information". Home. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
  8. ^ "Our Schools." Kativik School Board. Retrieved on September 23, 2017.
  9. ^ Sean Coughlan, "Teacher from Canadian Inuit school wins $1m global prize", Education, BBC News, 19 March 2017.
  10. ^ Video Varkey Foundation winner of the Global Teacher Prize 2017
  11. ^ Merlin John, "Top teacher fights for Canada's indigenous people", Business, BBC News, 26 July 2017.