Salma Samar Damluji

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Salma Samar Damluji
Salma Samar Damluji.jpg
Born
NationalityIraqi, British
OccupationArchitect
AwardsMédaille de la Restauration, French Academy of Architecture, 2015 (Paris) and Global Award for Sustainable Architecture 2012 (Paris), The Locus Foundation
ProjectsMasjid al Faqih in Aynat, Wadi Hadramut; Masna‘at ‘Urah and Qarn Majid in Wadi Daw‘an; Shaklanza Mosque in al Shihr, Hadramut Governorate, Yemen

Salma Samar Damluji (born in Beirut in 1954), is an Iraqi British architect, professor and author. She graduated from the AA School of Architecture in 1977 and from the Royal College of Art in London in 1987, where she did her doctorate. She worked with the Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy in Cairo, in 1975-6 and in 1984–5. She was appointed architectural advisor to the UAE minister Shaykh Sultan Bin Zayed Al Nahyan in 2001–2004 on The Shaykh Zayed Grand Mosque project and other projects in Abu Dhabi. In 2008, she established with colleagues in Yemen, the Daw'an Mud Brick Architecture Foundation[1] in Hadramut (Yemen) and has been working there on earth construction and rehabilitation projects.

Career[edit]

Damluji's involvement with the architecture of Yemen began after a working visit for the UNESCWA in 1981. Her projects there include, ‘Aynat Mosque: Masjid al Faqih (2008-11), Masna‘at ‘Urah, Daw‘an (2008-12), Husn Qarn Majid, Daw‘an (2012-14), ‘Umar Ba Wazir Mosque, Wadi Sah (2008-10) and more recently (2017-19) the post-war rehabilitation of the Shibam Gateway, and the reconstruction of al-Habib Hamad bin Salih Dome’ Bin Isma‘il Domes, Shaklanza Mosque in Shihr and Shaykh Ya‘qub Dome in Mukalla These projects were funded by the Prince Claus Fund of the Netherlands and the Cultural Protection Fund of the British Council, United Kingdom.[citation needed]

In 2014, Damluji was the first woman architect invited to give the Leçon Inaugurale[2][3] at the École de Chaillot in Paris, the tenth in the series. This was published in The Other Architecture: Geometry, Earth and the Vernacular,[4] (Paris, 2015) and formed an overview of her work and research.[citation needed]

She was elected Member of the Académie d’Architecture in Paris in 2017, and awarded the Académie d’Architecture's Restoration Award (silver medal) in 2015. In 2012 she received The Global Award for Sustainable Architecture in 2012, from the Cité d'architecture & du Patrimoine and the Locus Foundation.[citation needed]

In 2013, she was appointed to the Mu‘allim Awad Binaldin Chair for Professor of Architecture in the Islamic World, at the American University of Beirut. Damluji was senior tutor at the Architectural Association (AA) Graduate School and at the Royal College of Art (RCA) in London (UK). She has several titles published on earth and vernacular architecture of the Arab region. Her publications include Hassan Fathy: Earth & Utopia (2018), The Architecture of Yemen (2007) and The Architecture of Oman (1998).  A new edition of The Architecture of Yemen and its Reconstruction[5] will be published in 2020. She has curated several exhibitions on her work in London (at the RCA and RIBA), in Paris, Venice and in Madrid.[citation needed]

Publications[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Hassan Fathy: Earth & Utopia, (Laurence King Publishing, London 2018)[6]
  • The Other Architecture: Geometry, Earth and Vernacular (Leçon Inaugurale de l’École de Chaillot), Paris 2015, French[7] and English.[8] (Short listed by the Académie d’Architecture for the Prix du Livre d’Architecture in November 2015)
  • Al Diwan Al Amiri, Doha, Qatar, Laurence King Publishing, London 2013[9]
  • Earth Architecture, Architectural Landmarks Wadi Hadramut & Daw‘an, Earth Architecture Conference Say’un- February 2011, Beirut 2011
  • Editor. The Sheikh Zayed Al Nahayan Mosque Abu Dhabi: Italian Excellence in The UAE, Fantini Mosaici, Milano 2009
  • The Architecture of Yemen From Yafi’ to Hadramut, Laurence King Publishing, London 2007
  • The Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque, Apex Publishing, Muscat 2007
  • The Architecture of the UAE, Garnet Publishing, Reading 2006[10]
  • The Architecture of Oman, Reading 1998[11]
  • Editor. The Architecture of the Prophet's Holy Mosque Madinah, London 1998[12]
  • Editor. The Architecture of the Holy Mosque Makkah, London 1998[13]
  • Zillij The Art of Moroccan Ceramics, with John Hedgecoe; Reading 1992[14] (French Edition 1993)
  • General Editor, Islamic Art and Architecture, The System of Geometric Design Issam El Said; Tarek El Bouri & Keith Critchlow, Reading 1993[15]
  • The Valley of Mud Brick Architecture Shibam, Tarim and Wadi Hadramut, Reading 1992[16] (Arabic Edition, Beirut 1996)
  • A Yemen Reality; Architecture Sculptured in Mud and Stone, Reading 1991[17]
  • Editor. The Visual Diary of an Arab Architect, Maath Alousi, Beirut & London 1983

Book chapters[edit]

Articles[edit]

Exhibitions[edit]

Reviews[edit]

Awards[edit]

Video features[edit]

Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture Foundation[edit]

Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture Foundation was established in 2007-8 by Salma Samar Damluji and her colleagues in Yemen, Dr Abdullah BaGhumyan and Architect Ali Ba Saad. The foundation sets up projects and seeks funding to design and construct with Hadrami builders using earth materials and techniques of Yemeni architecture.

Meeting at Masjid al Faqih with (left to right): Keeper of the Mosque, Sayyid Abu Bakr al-Hamid, Salma Samar Damluji, Mansab ‘Aynat ‘Umar al-Hamid, ‘Umar BaSa‘d (our driver) and Karamah ‘Ubayd ‘Ulaywah. ©Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture Foundation, 2012

Projects completed[edit]

‘Umar Ba Wazir Mosque ©Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture, 2010
  • Wali Domes (Saint Shrines) Location: Sah, Wadi Hadramut Date: 2008 – 2010
  • Husn Qarn Majid Location: Wadi Daw‘an Date: 2012 – 2014
  • Shibam’s Housing The BaSahi House - The BaSwatayn House Location: Shibam, Wadi Hadramut Date: 2012 – 2014
  • Post-War Shibam Shibam Gateway Shibam Palace Entrance Location: Shibam, Wadi Hadramut Date: 2017 – 2019
  • A grant was approved by the British Council, Cultural Protection Fund (CPF), for a project on ‘Post-war Reconstruction and Rehabilitation in Yemen’, directed by the CER-Net Prince Claus Fund. The Daw‘an Architecture Foundation was contracted to manage and implement the project in partnership with the Office of the Governor of Hadramut. The project concerns reconstructing cultural sites and landmarks in Hadramut that have been targeted in the war:
Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture team at the Shaklanza Mosque ©Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture, 2019
Al Habib Hamad Bin Salih Domes ©Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture, 2019
Al Habib Hamad Bin Salih Domes ©Daw‘an Mud Brick Architecture, 2019

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Daw'an Mud Brick Architecture Foundation". www.dawanarchitecturefoundation.org. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  2. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Special presenation at the School of Chaillot: Salma Samar Damluji". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Salma Samar Damluji". Cité de l'architecture & du patrimoine (in French). Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Salma Samar Damluji". Cité de l'architecture & du patrimoine (in French). Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  5. ^ SAMAR DAMLUJI, SALMA. (2020). The Architecture of Yemen and its Reconstruction. London: Laurence King Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78627-572-1. OCLC 1112906609.
  6. ^ Damlūjī, Salmá Samar (16 October 2018). Hassan Fathy : earth & utopia. Bertini, Viola. London. ISBN 978-1-78627-261-4. OCLC 1043458306.
  7. ^ Damlūjī, Salmá Samar. (2015). Salma Samar Damluji : une autre architecture : la géométrie, la terre, le vernaculaire : leçon inaugurale de l'École de Chaillot prononcée par Salma Samar Damluji le 4 mars 2014 = The other architecture : geometry, earth and the vernacular : inaugural lecture at the École de Chaillot delivered by Salma Samar Damluji on 4th March 2014. Meddeb, Abdelwahab. Paris: Ed. des Cendres. ISBN 978-2-86742-231-7. OCLC 905836338.
  8. ^ Damlūjī, Salmá Samar. (2015). Salma Samar Damluji : une autre architecture : la géométrie, la terre, le vernaculaire : leçon inaugurale de l'École de Chaillot prononcée par Salma Samar Damluji le 4 mars 2014 = The other architecture : geometry, earth and the vernacular : inaugural lecture at the École de Chaillot delivered by Salma Samar Damluji on 4th March 2014. Meddeb, Abdelwahab. Paris: Ed. des Cendres. ISBN 978-2-86742-231-7. OCLC 905836338.
  9. ^ Damlūjī, Salmá Samar. (2011). Al Diwan Al Amiri, Doha, Qatar. Morris, James. London: Laurence King. ISBN 978-1-85669-729-3. OCLC 664674752.
  10. ^ The architecture of the United Arab Emirates. Damlūjī, Salmá Samar. (1st ed.). Reading, UK: Garnet. 2006. ISBN 978-1-4294-7795-6. OCLC 647792769.CS1 maint: others (link)
  11. ^ Damlūji, Salmá Samar. (1998). The architecture of Oman (1st ed.). Reading, UK: Garnet. ISBN 1-85964-083-4. OCLC 40483193.
  12. ^ The architecture of the prophet's holy mosque, al Madīnah. Ismāʻīl, Muḥammad Kamal., Damlūji, Salmá Samar. (Madīnah English ed.). London: Hazar. 1998. ISBN 1-874371-33-4. OCLC 39800429.CS1 maint: others (link)
  13. ^ The architecture of the holy mosque, Makkah. Isamil, Muhammad Kamal., Damlūji, Salmá Samar. (Makkah English ed.). London: Hazar Pub. 1998. ISBN 1-874371-32-6. OCLC 39765711.CS1 maint: others (link)
  14. ^ Zillij : the art of Moroccan ceramics. Hedgecoe, John., Damlūjī, Salmá Samar. Reading: Garnet. 1992. ISBN 1-873938-02-0. OCLC 28255242.CS1 maint: others (link)
  15. ^ El-Said, Issam. (1993). Islamic art and architecture : the system of geometric design. Parman, Ayşe., El-Bouri, Tarek,, Critchlow, Keith,, Damlūjī, Salmá Samar,, El-Said, Issam. (First ed.). Reading, United Kingdom. ISBN 1-873938-45-4. OCLC 29814961.
  16. ^ Damlūji, Salmá Samar. (1992). The valley of mud brick architecture : Shibām, Tarīm & Wādī Ḥaḍramūt : ancient to contemporary design. Reading, UK: Garnet Pub. ISBN 1-873938-01-2. OCLC 28808311.
  17. ^ Damlūjī, Salmá Samar. A Yemen reality : architecture sculptured in mud and stone. Reading. ISBN 1-873938-00-4. OCLC 28965090.
  18. ^ Earth construction & tradition. Feiglstorfer, Hubert, 1967-. Vienna. ISBN 3-900265-34-8. OCLC 1041677750.CS1 maint: others (link)
  19. ^ Alexander, Christopher (1936-....). (2015). La ville rebelle : démocratiser le projet urbain. Casagrande, Marco (1971-....)., Revedin, Jana (1965-....)., Ochs, Edith., Taboada, Varinia., Burgos, Francisca., Al Borde. Paris: Alternatives. ISBN 978-2-07-261956-4. OCLC 930774938.
  20. ^ Contal, Marie-Hélène, (1956- ...). (2014). Sustainable design III vers une nouvelle éthique pour l'architecture et la ville. Revedin, Jana, (1965- ...).,, Alexander, Christopher, (1936- ...). Paris: Ed. Alternatives. ISBN 978-2-07-254337-1. OCLC 892804704.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ "Sketch For Syria | Tag | ArchDaily". www.archdaily.com. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Sketch for Syria". www.domusweb.it. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  23. ^ "SKETCH FOR SYRIA. A global effort for Syria | The Strength of Architecture | From 1998". www.metalocus.es. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Arab Contemporary: Architecture, Culture and Identity | Exhibitions". Ahmed Mater. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  25. ^ "Aesthetica Magazine - Arab Contemporary: Architecture, culture and identity, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art". Aesthetica Magazine. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  26. ^ "Past Exhibitions". Louisiana Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  27. ^ 2007-10-07T14:44:00. "Arabia Felix: the Architecture of Yemen -until January 19". Building Design. Retrieved 2 October 2020.