|26th Governor of Punjab (Pakistan)|
15 May 2008 – 4 January 2011
|Preceded by||Lt Gen Khalid Maqbool|
|Succeeded by||Sardar Latif Khosa|
31 May 1944|
Simla, British Indian Empire,
|Died||4 January 2011
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Residence||Governor's House (Lahore) (official)|
|Alma mater||Chartered Accountant, from London|
Salmaan Taseer (Urdu: سلمان تاثیر; 31 May 1944 – 4 January 2011) was a Pakistani businessman and a liberal politician who served as the 26th Governor of Punjab from 2008 until his assassination in 2011.
Born in Shimla, East Punjab in British India, Taseer studied at the St. Anthony's School and the Government College in Lahore before moving to London where studied accountancy at the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. In 1994, Taseer established a brokerage house backed by the Smith Barney and in 1996 he founded the Worldcall Group. He later in 2000s ventured into media, launching Business Plus and Daily Times.
A member of the Pakistan Peoples Party since the 1980s, he was elected to the Punjab Assembly from Lahore in the 1988 election, however lost in 1990, 1993 and then in 1997. Taseer served as a minister in the caretaker cabinet of Prime Minister Mian Soomro under Pervez Musharraf during the 2008 elections. He was appointed as the governor of Punjab on 15 May 2008, by then-President Musharraf at the request of Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani. During his governorship, he emerged as an outspoken critic of the Pakistan's blasphemy laws and consequently called for the pardon for Asia Bibi.
On 4 January 2011, he was assassinated at the Kohsar Market in Islamabad by his bodyguard, who disagreed with Taseer's opposition to Pakistan's blasphemy law. The Guardian described Taseer's murder as "one of the most traumatic events in recent Pakistani history." A nationwide three-day state of mourning was held in Pakistan, Taseer's funeral prayers where held as the Governors House in Lahore. Taseer's son, Shahbaz, was kidnapped by the Pakistani Taliban in 2011, before being released in 2016, a few months afters Taseer's murderer was hanged. Taseer's other son, Shaan, is a leading crtic of the country's blasphemy law.
He was born on 31 May 1944, in Simla, East Punjab, British India, of a family hailing from Amritsar. His father was Muhammad Din Taseer, known as M. D. Taseer, who was born in Ajnala Amritsar, and was a professor at Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, Amritsar, having obtained his PhD in the United Kingdom. Taseer's mother was Bilqis (Christobel) née George.
Taseer married Aamna Taseer, a chairwoman of an investment management company; the couple resided in Lahore. They had two sons and one daughter: Shahbaz, Shehryar and Shehrbano. Taseer also had one son and two daughters from a previous marriage: Shaan, Sara and Sanam.
Taseer also had a son, Aatish, in 1980 with the Indian journalist Tavleen Singh. Though married at the time, Tavleen was from Sikh family. Taseer met Singh during a book promotion trip to India in March 1980. According to Aatish, their "affair lasted little more than a week." Aatish is a freelance journalist in the UK and has written a book – Stranger to History: A Son’s Journey through Islamic Lands – about his estranged relationship with his biological father.
Taseer was known to be one of the trusted aides of Benazir Bhutto. He was a classmate of Nawaz Sharif at St. Anthony's School in Lahore, and had obtained a degree in Chartered Accountancy from London.
Taseer started his political career in his student era as a member of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) in the late 1960s. He was a part of the movement for Bhutto's freedom and opposed his arrest and death sentence. He also wrote a political biography on Bhutto titled Bhutto: A political biography (1980). In the 1988 general elections, Taseer became a member of the Punjab Assembly from Lahore. In the 1990, 1993 and 1997 general elections, he stood for election to be an MNA but lost. In 2007, he was appointed the interim Federal Minister for Industries, Production and Special Initiatives. On 15 May 2008, Taseer was designated for the office of Governor of Punjab by the PPP-led coalition government.
In December 2010 Taseer was alleged to have left the country for several days without handing over charge to the Punjab Assembly Speaker. This meant that the province was without a constitutional head, and it also rendered the assembly speaker ineligible to preside over sessions. Leaving the province without informing his successor was in violation of the constitution and this led to Punjab Assembly Speaker Rana Muhammad Iqbal sending a letter to Prime Minister Gilani calling for the removal of Salmaan Taseer by the President. Evidence provided by ICAO on the governor's travel abroad led to a case being filed in court for breach of the constitution.
Taseer set up several chartered accountancy and management consultancy firms early in his career. In 1995, he established the First Capital Securities Corporation (FCSC), a full-service brokerage house with equity participation by Smith Barney, Inc., USA, and HG Asia Hong Kong.
Taseer founded the Worldcall group with a payphone network in 1996. The group has grown over the years to become a major private-sector telecom operator with a national and regional footprint. A majority stake in Worldcall was acquired in 2008 by Omantel, the Sultanate of Oman's incumbent operator. Taseer also owned an English news channel in Pakistan, Business Plus; and the first children's channel, Wikkid Plus; and was the publisher of the English language Daily Times.
Taseer was kept in solitary confinement for six months and three weeks at the Lahore Fort, where he was shackled to the ground. He did not meet a single person or read a book or newspaper during his incarceration and emerged 40 pounds lighter than when he had gone in.[clarification needed]
In an interview with Meher Bukhari on Samaa TV, Taseer commented on his view about the country's blasphemy law and on filing a mercy petition for Asia Bibi, who was sentenced to death by a court under the law.
On 4 January 2011, one of Taseer's bodyguards, Malik Mumtaz Qadri, shot him 27 times with an AK-47 assault rifle at Kohsar Market, near his home in Sector F6, Islamabad, as he was returning to his car after meeting a friend for lunch. Kohsar Market is a popular shopping and cafe spot for the city's elite and expatriates. Eight hours before his assassination, he tweeted an Urdu couplet by Shakeel Badayuni: "My resolve is so strong that I do not fear the flames from without, I fear only the radiance of the flowers, that it might burn my garden down."[clarification needed]
The next day, hundreds of people turned up for his funeral in Lahore in spite of denunciations by some Sunni clerics and religious scholars against mourning Taseer. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani and many supporters of the ruling PPP were seen attending the funeral prayer. The funeral prayers were finally led by Allama Afzal Chisti of the Ulema wing of the PPP after the chief cleric of the Badshahi Mosque, who had initially agreed to offer prayers, backed off at the last moment, saying he was going out of town. Taseer was buried at a military cantonment in Lahore.
The assassin Malik Mumtaz Hussain Qadri was from Punjab, and was part of the security detail provided to Taseer by the Elite Police. After the shooting, Qadri threw his weapon down and put his hands up when one of his colleagues aimed at him. He reportedly pleaded to be arrested. After the murder, more than 500 clerics voiced support for the crime and urged a general boycott of Taseer's funeral. Supporters of Mumtaz Qadri blocked police attempting to bring him to the Anti-Terrorism Court in Rawalpindi, and some supporters showered him with rose petals. On 1 October 2011, Qadri was sentenced to death by a Pakistani Anti Terrorist court at Islamabad for murdering Taseer. Qadri was executed on 29 February 2016.
- Former Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf expressed grief over the assassination, adding that Taseer was a seasoned politician and his death was a loss for not only the PPP but also the entire country. Many members of the country's business community also conveyed their shock after the killing.
- The Chief Minister of Punjab Mian Shahbaz Sharif condemned the killing, saying, "This is really a big loss for the PPP and as we believe friendly politics deeply condemn this murder, praying for Mr. Taseer."
- Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) Chairman Imran Khan condemned Malik Mumtaz Qadri, the man who gunned down Punjab Governor Salmaan Taseer, and his reception as a hero on the premises of the Anti Terrorism Court, "Salmaan Taseer never demanded that the blasphemy laws be repealed; rather he spoke against their misuse. He was gunned down because of the misperception that he is anti-Islamic and anti-blasphemy laws," Imran Khan said.
- The Punjab Provincial Assembly unanimously passed a resolution condemning the assassination and praising Taseer's political and social services.
- The Jamaat Ahle Sunnat, an Islamic religious organisation representing the Barelvi movement, issued an advisory against mourning his death. They also declared Qadri a "hero of the Muslim world."
- A Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan commander in South Waziristan said that Taseer would have been assassinated anyway "very soon" even if he had not been killed by Qadri.
- Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, son of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and former President Zardari, spoke at a memorial service for Taseer in London saying: "To the Christian and other minority communities in Pakistan, we will defend you...those who wish to harm you need to go through me first. Allah has promised them (perpetrators) hell, and we shall send them there." He also said a jihad is needed to combat extremism in Pakistan, while condemning those who praised the assassination.
- United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon condemned the assassination calling it a "loss for Pakistan."
- Indian External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna condemned the killing in a letter to Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi. The Ministry of External Affairs also said: "On behalf of the people and the Government of India and his own, Mr. Krishna conveyed heartfelt condolences to the bereaved family and the people of Pakistan."
- France condemned the assassination and hailed Taseer as a man known for his "courage in defending democratic institutions." Deputy Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Christine Fages said, "France firmly condemns the assassination on Tuesday of the governor of Punjab Salman Taseer. Governor Taseer was a political personality of the highest order."
- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan called his Pakistani counterpart Asif Ali Zardari "[o]ffering his condolences to Zardari and condemning the assassination, the Turkish PM also asked the president to convey his heartfelt condolences to the members of the bereaved family and the people of the country."
- British Foreign Secretary William Hague stated that he was "shocked to hear of the assassination of Salmaan Taseer" and that "his death will be a loss to the leadership of Pakistan. On behalf of the British government I send my condolences to Mr Taseer’s family, friends and colleagues."
- United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton strongly condemned the assassination of Taseer saying she "admired his work to promote tolerance and the education of Pakistan’s future generations" and that his death "is a great loss." Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman John Kerry also condemned the assassination: "Governor Taseer was a proud champion of democracy and respect for the rights of women and minorities. He fearlessly stood up to the threats of extremists, and lost his life in defense of moderation and tolerance, values shared by most Pakistani citizens. The best way to honor his legacy is to continue resisting violent extremism and supporting the core principles on which Pakistan was founded."
- Pope Benedict XVI called for the repeal of the blasphemy law and also called on governments in Muslim-majority countries to protect Christians from violent attacks. He told the Holy See's diplomats that the law was a pretext for violence against minorities. He also added that "The tragic murder of the governor of Punjab shows the urgent need to make progress in this direction." The Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam responded in saying: "The pope has given a statement today that has not only offended the 180 million Muslims in Pakistan, it has also hurt the sentiments of the entire Islamic world. This is an interference in Pakistan's internal matters...we respect the pope, being head of Christians and their religion, but he should also refrain from interfering in Muslims' religious affairs."
In the international media, his death was seen as destabilising the already tenuous situation in the country, particularly in the light of resignation of members of the ruling coalition. One local analyst said the death was a "major setback for Pakistan, which is trying to get out of this vicious cycle of violence and worsening economy. [The killing] will certainly weaken the party position in Punjab." It was suggested that the killing was indicative of a "deeper trend" of "religious intolerance" afflicting Pakistan.  The son of the late governor, Shahbaz Taseer, who was a witness in Mumtaz Qadri's trial, was kidnapped on 26 August 2011 while he was on his way to work in Lahore, Pakistan. After twelve days of unsuccessful attempts by the Pakistani police to recover him, some news sources reported that Shahbaaz, along with an American aid worker, Dr Warren Weinstein, was held captive by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan. Shahbaz was recovered by security and intelligence forces from Balochistan’s Kuchlak area on 8 March 2016.
Taseer's assassination may dissuade other Pakistani politicians from speaking out against the blasphemy law, according to a former U.S. State Department intelligence analyst with the Middle East Institute in Washington, DC.
Jehangir Khan Tareen
|Federal Minister for Industries, Production and Special Initiatives
|Governor of Punjab
Rana Muhammad Iqbal Khan(Acting)
- "Salmaan Taseer". The Governor House Lahore, Punjab. 29 February 2016.
- "Meet the Governor: Family Life". The Governor House, Lahore, Punjab. 2010. Archived from the original on 10 January 2011. Retrieved January 2011. Check date values in:
- "Profile of new Punjab Governor". APP. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- Salmaan Taseer: 1946–2011, Daily Times, 5 January 2011
- Maqbool, Aleem (2011-01-05). "Taseer's death exposes fissures in Pakistani society". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Who were Salmaan Taseer and Mumtaz Qadri?". Daily Pakistan Global. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Details of Salmaan Taseer".
- "Salmaan Taseer to be new Punjab governor". Daily Times. 15 May 2008.
- "The day Salman Taseer fell silent". DAWN.COM. 2016-01-04. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Taseer to take Aasia's clemency appeal to president - The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 2010-11-21. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- Boone, Jon; Baloch, Kiyya (2016-10-11). "Asia Bibi blasphemy case to be heard by Pakistan supreme court". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- Haider, Zeeshan; Georgy, Michael (4 January 2011). "Pakistan's Punjab province governor shot dead". Reuters. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
- Boone, Jon (2015-03-12). "Salmaan Taseer murder case harks back to 1929 killing of Hindu publisher". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- Walsh, Declan (2011-01-05). "A divided Pakistan buries Salmaan Taseer and a liberal dream". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- Masood, Salman; Gall, Carlotta (2011-01-04). "Salman Taseer, Punjab Governor, Shot Dead in Islamabad". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Salmaan Taseer's killer Mumtaz Qadri executed".
- Khan, M. Ilyas (2016-03-09). "Shahbaz Taseer: Why was murdered Pakistan governor's son released?". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- "Fatwa, police case against Shaan Taseer for 'hate speech' on Christmas". Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- Basheer, Tariq. "Blog: Salmaan Taseer: the future waits by Tariq Basheer". The Friday Times. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
Although born in colonial Simla to prominent Anglo-Indian parents (a Kashmiri father and a British mother), Salmaan Taseer never rolled in millions until he made them himself.
- "'To Hell Where They Belong': In conversation with Salmaan Taseer, governor of the Punjab.". Newsweek Pakistan. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012. "Kashmiris in Pakistan are not only in Azad Kashmir, they are spread all over. I am a Kashmiri. There are thousands and thousands of Kashmiris in Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, and there’s huge amounts of sympathy for the Kashmiri cause across Pakistan."
- "Once upon a time...". The Indian Express. 8 March 2009.
- Usman, Ali (5 January 2010). "Remembering the man: The lesser known side of Salmaan Taseer". The Express Tribune.
- Malik, Muhammad Amin (22 December 2011). "Remembering a Personality". Greater Kashmir.[permanent dead link]
- "Stephen Sackur Interviews Shehrbano Taseer". BBC. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- A Correspondent Date: 2011-01-06 Place: Mumbai (6 January 2011). "A son in search of his father". Mid-day.com.
- "Present In Our Memory Games". outlookindia.com.
- "Clash of Civilisations?". newslinemagazine.com. July 2009.
- "A Lahore Boy In Delhi | Vrinda Gopinath". Outlookindia.com.
- "Salman Taseer Profile". Pakistan Herald. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Punjab Assembly: Speaker calls to remove Taseer from office". The Express Tribune. 19 December 2010. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "The News". The News. Retrieved 20 December 2010.
- "Profile of Salman Taseer". Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Omantel acquires 65 percent shares of WorldCall". Daily Times. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- "Incarceration – Meet the Governor". The Governor House Lahore, Punjab. Retrieved 6 Jan 2011.
- Wright, Tom (5 January 2011). "Leading Pakistani Politician Killed". Wall Street Journal.
- "Punjab Governor Salman Taseer assassinated in Islamabad". British Broadcasting Company. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2011.
- Wergeland, Paal; Auestad, Gunn Evy (4 January 2011). "Pakistansk guvernør drept" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2011.
Skytingen brøt ut i nærheten av Kohsar, et marked som er populært blant rike pakistanere og utlendinger. Guvernørens hjem ligger i det samme området.
- "Punjab Governor Salman Taseer Assassinated in Islamabad, Pakistan". BBC news. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2001. Check date values in:
- Mohammed Hanif (6 January 2011). "How Pakistan responded to Salmaan Taseer's assassination, by Mohammed Hanif, The Guardian, Thursday 6 January 2011". The Guardian.
- Sana Saleem, "Salmaan Taseer: murder in an extremist climate", The Guardian, 5 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- Aleem Maqbool and Orla Guerin, "Salman Taseer: Thousands mourn Pakistan governor": "One small religious party, the Jamaat-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat Pakistan, warned that anyone who expressed grief over the assassination could suffer the same fate. 'No Muslim should attend the funeral or even try to pray for Salman Taseer or even express any kind of regret or sympathy over the incident,' the party said in a statement. It said anyone who expressed sympathy over the death of a blasphemer was also committing blasphemy." BBC News South Asia, 5 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- Clerics refuse to lead prayer at Taseer's funeral, Omer Farooq Khan, TNN, 6 Jan 2011, 01.48 am IST.
- "Pakistanis bury Punjab governor". Aljazeera. 5 Jan 2011.
- Pakistan governor's suspected murderer showered with roses, praised by scholars, Babar Dogar, Lahore – The Associated Press, Published Wednesday, 5 Jan. 2011
- R. Upadhyay, Barelvis and Deobandhis: "Birds of the Same Feather". Eurasia Review, courtesy of the South Asia Analysis Group. 28 January 2011.
- "Demonstrators Prevent Court Appearance of Alleged Pakistani Assassin". Voice of America. 6 January 2011.
- "Former Governor of Pakistan's killer punished – A – पाकिस्तान के पूर्व गवर्नर के हत्यारे को सजा-ए-मौत". bhaskar.com.
- "Taseer's killer Mumtaz Qadri hanged". Dawn. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Assassination of Taseer is loss of entire country: Musharraf (Online – International News Network)". Onlinenews.com.pk.
- Syed, Razi (5 January 2011). "Businessmen shocked over killing of Taseer". Daily Times (Pakistan).
- "Leading News Resource of Pakistan". Daily Times. 11 January 2011.
- Taseer’s murder: Religious right heralds the assassin as ‘hero’, The Express Tribune (Pakistan), 6 January 2011.
- Yousafzai, Sami (6 Jan 2011). "Blasphemy Backlash: Extremists may target other moderate Pakistani leaders in the wake of Punjab governor's killing". Newsweek.
- "UN, US condemn assassination". nation.com.pk. 5 January 2011.
- "India condemns Taseer killing". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 8 Jan 2011. Retrieved 8 Jan 2011.
- "World condemns Taseer's assassination". The News International. 5 Jan 2011. Retrieved 6 Jan 2011.
- Staff Report/APP (6 January 2011). "World condemns assassination". Daily Times. Retrieved 5 January 2011.
- "World leaders condemn Taseer's assassination". dailytimes.com.pk. 5 January 2011.
- Rodham Clinton, Hillary (4 January 2011). "Assassination of Punjab Provincial Governor". U.S. State Department.
- "Chairman Kerry on the Assassination of Salman Taseer". United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 6 Jan 2011.
- "Pope rebukes Pakistan blasphemy law – Europe". Al Jazeera English.
- Sharif, Farhan. "Governor's Slaying, Rivals Hurt Pakistan's Zardari". Bloomberg.
- "Deadly warning to Pakistan liberals". Al Jazeera. 5 January 2011.
- "Freedom House Alert: Son of Late Pakistani Governor Taseer Kidnapped". August 2011.
- "Shahbaz Taseer in Pak Taliban's custody: report". September 2011.
- "Taseer's son, Dr Warren in Taliban custody". September 2011.
- Shah, AFP | Dawn.com | Syed Ali (2016-03-08). "Abducted Shahbaz Taseer rescued from Balochistan after five years". www.dawn.com. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
- Shah, Saeed (2011-01-04). "Top Pakistani official's murder adds to Obama's Afghan woes". McClatchy Newspapers/Miami Herald.[dead link]
- "NIP News Karachi, December 19". Nip.com.pk.
- Official website
- Salmaan Taseer on Facebook
- Salmaan Taseer at Find a Grave
- Salmaan Taseer at Flickr
- Salmaan Taseer at Twitter
- on 's channelYouTube
Lt Gen Khalid Maqbool
|Governor of Punjab
2008 - 2011