NYC Landmark No. 0009
|Location||47 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York|
|NRHP reference No.||74001275 |
|Added to NRHP||July 25, 1974|
|Designated NYCL||September 9, 1969|
The Salmagundi Club, sometimes referred to as the Salmagundi Art Club, is a fine arts center founded in 1871 in the Greenwich Village section of Manhattan, New York City. Since 1917, it has been located at 47 Fifth Avenue. As of 2021[update], its membership roster totals roughly 1,100 members.
The Salmagundi Club has served as a center for fine arts, artists and collectors, with art exhibitions, art classes, artist demonstrations, art auctions and many other types of events. It is also a sponsor of the United States Coast Guard Art Program (COGAP).
It was founded in 1871. Originally called the New York Sketch Class, and later the New York Sketch Club, the Salmagundi Club had its beginnings at the eastern edge of Greenwich Village in sculptor Jonathan Scott Hartley's Broadway studio, where a group of artists, students, and friends at the National Academy of Design, which at the time was located at Fourth Avenue and Twenty-third Street, gathered weekly on Saturday evenings.
The club formally changed its name to The Salmagundi Sketch Club in January 1877. The name has variously been attributed to salmagundi, a stew which the group has served from its earliest years, or to Washington Irving's Salmagundi Papers.
Growing rapidly, the organization was housed in a series of rented properties including 121 Fifth Avenue, 49 West 22nd Street, 40 West 22nd Street and finally 14 West Twelfth Street, where it remained for 22 years. In April 1917, following a three-year search, the club purchased Irad and Sarah Hawley's 1853 Italianate-style brownstone townhouse at 47 Fifth Avenue between East Eleventh and East Twelfth Streets from the estate of William G. Park for $100,000.00 and erected a two-story annex in the rear at an additional cost of $20,000.00 to house its primary art gallery and a billiard room. A housewarming event on February 5, 1918 was attended by more than 500 persons. In 1918, the club spearheaded a national effort to produce range-finder paintings used to train military gunners for World War I. The club provided the canvas and painting materials for these special-purpose paintings.
The Salmagundi Club was a male-only club for its first century, although artworks by women were accepted and praised. A sister club for women artists, the Pen and Brush Club, was formed around the corner from Salmagundi in 1894. Salmagundi began admitting women members in 1973.
Members of the Salmagundi Club have included Thomas P. Barnett, William Richardson Belknap, Alon Bement, Ralph Blakelock, A. J. Bogdanove, Charles Bosseron Chambers, James Wells Champney, William Merritt Chase, C.K. Chatterton, Frederick Stuart Church, Jay Hall Connaway, John Henry Dolph, Charles Dana Gibson, Gordon H. Grant, Walter Granville-Smith, Edmund Greacen, Charles P. Gruppé, Emile Gruppe, William Hart, Childe Hassam, Ernest Martin Hennings, Harry Hoffman, Alexander Pope Humphrey, George Inness Jr., Lajos "Louis" Jambor, John LaFarge, Ernest Lawson, Frank Mason, Leopold Matzal, Samizu Matsuki, John Francis Murphy, Spencer Baird Nichols, Richard C. Pionk, Howard Pyle, Will J. Quinlan, Norman Rockwell, Harry Roseland, Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Rudolph Schabelitz, Leopold Seyffert, Channel Pickering Townsley, Louis Comfort Tiffany, Edward Charles Volkert, J. Alden Weir, Jack Wemp, Stanford White, William Wilson (physicist), Stuart Williamson, Joseph Mortimer Lichtenauer and N.C. Wyeth.
In 1894, to raise money for the growing club's library, artist members were invited to decorate ceramic mugs, which were then fired by Charles Volkmar, the club potter. The club would host a dinner followed by an auction of the finished mugs ... Over the years, many decorated mugs have been returned to the club and are on exhibit in the library along with the largest collection of used artists' palettes in America.— Dubuque Museum of Art
Salmagundi curatorial committee is responsible for maintaining Salmagundi’s permanent representational art collection of approximately 1,800 works from the 1840s to today, including: paintings, sculpture, objects and works on paper by its past and present artist members.
The collection consists of exhibition purchase prizes, competition purchase prizes, artist donations, and estate bequests.
The works are rotated on a continual basis throughout the townhouse and are featured in live shows and online exhibitions throughout the year.
- Joseph Hartley, 1871–1889
- George W. Maynard, 1888–1889
- Charles Yardley Turner, 1883–1889
- Thomas Moran, 1893–1896
- W. Lewis Fraser, 1896–1897
- Alexander Theobald Van Laer, 1897–1898
- Robert C. Minor, 1898–1899
- Alexander Theobald Van Laer, 1899–1900
- George H. McCord, 1900–1901
- George Inness Jr., 1901–1903
- J. Scott Hartley, 1903–1905
- Alexander Theobald Van Laer, 1905–1908
- Henry B. Snell, 1908–1910
- Frank Knox Morton Rehn, 1910–1911
- Carleton Wiggins, 1911–1913
- Charles Vezin, 1913–1914
- F. Ballard Williams, 1914–1919
- Emil Carlsen, 1919–1920
- J. Massey Rhind, 1920–1922
- Hobart Nichols, 1922–1924
- W. Granville-Smith, 1924–1926
- Franklin De Haven, 1926–1929
- Bruce Crane, 1929–1933
- Louis Betts, 1933–1935
- George Elmer Brown, 1935–1937
- Frederick W. Hutchinson, 1937–1939
- Gordon Grant, 1939–1941
- George Lober, 1941–1944
- Frederick K. Detwiller, 1944–1946
- Henry O' Connor, 1946–1947
- Silvio B. Valerio, 1947–1949
- Percy Albee, 1949–1953
- Russell Rypsam, 1953–1955
- Henry Laussucq, 1955–1957
- Junius Allen, 1957–1959
- A. Henry Nordhausen, 1959–1963
- Francis Vandeveer Kughler, 1963–1966
- Martin Hannon, 1966–1970
- John N. Lewis, 1970–1976
- Martin Hannon, 1976–1977
- Raymond R. Goldberg, 1977–1979
- Richard Clive, 1979–1981
- Carl L. Thomson, 1981–1983
- Ruth B. Reininghaus, 1983–1987
- Edward A. Brennan, 1987–1990
- Kenneth W. Fitch, 1990–1991
- Robert Volpe, 1991–1994
- Richard C. Pionk, 1994–2007
- Claudia Seymour, 2007–2013
- Robert Pillsbury, 2013–2019
- Elizabeth Spencer, 2019-2021
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc (2005). "Salmagundi Club: An American Institution". Description of Dubuque Museum of Art exhibition, part of a two and a half year national tour of museums in eleven cities.
In 1917, with the support of its members, a Fifth Avenue brownstone was purchased and became their permanent home ... and in 1957 was cited for its architectural distinction by both the Society of Architectural Historians and the Municipal Art Society. It is a fitting home for the oldest art club in America.
- "Affiliations". Salmagundi Club website.
- Anne Cohen DePietro (2005). "A Fertile Fellowship: The Rich History of the Salmagundi Club". Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., San Clemente, California, and the Heckscher Museum of Art, Huntington, New York.
- Mara McGinnis (November 4, 2003). "130-year-old Village arts club still flourishing". The Villager.
- "National Academy School of Fine Arts History". National Academy of Design website.
Lemuel Wilmarth was appointed the first full-time instructor in January 1870, by which time the school was located at Fourth Avenue and 23rd Street. Under Wilmarth's leadership, the number of classes and the enrollment increased, and new techniques, such as the quick-sketch, were introduced in response to changing esthetic criteria.
- Tom Fletcher, with thanks to the Museum of the City of New York. "Salmagundi Club Landmark". New York Architecture Images, exterior and interior.
- "Washington Irving". NNDB.
... a satirical miscellany entitled Salmagundi, or the Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot Langstaff [pseudonym of Washington Irving] and Others, written in conjunction with his brother William and J. K. Paulding.
- Walter, Paul A.F. "Art in War Service". Art and Archaeology 7 (January—December 1918), pp. 395–403, 409.
- DePietro, Anne Cohen. "A Fertile Fellowship: The Rich History of the Salmagundi Club". Traditional Fine Arts Organization. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
the Salmagundi was still a men's club (only opening to women in 1973), works by women were accepted and praised.
- Davis, Nicole (February 1, 2006). "New directions for historic art club". The Villager. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
Pen and Brush, a sister arts club around the corner from Salmagundi, which opened in 1894 after female artists got tired being excluded. (Salmagundi admitted women in 1973.)
- Ratcliffe, Christopher (March 11, 2017). "Christopher Ratcliffe: The art of women's equality". The Providence Journal. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2017.
- "Bement, Alon". Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Oxford University Press. October 31, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
- "C.P. Gruppe Death Announcement". Democrat and Chronicle of Rochester, New York. October 1, 1940. p. 12. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- "Emile Albert Gruppe Biography". Artnet.com. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- "Louis Jambor, 69, Versatile Artist; Portraitist and Mural Painter Who Also, Did Book, Film Work Succumbs Here". The New York Times. June 12, 1954. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
- "Obituary: Famous Artist Answers Call". The Los Angeles Times. December 3, 1921. p. 13. Retrieved July 12, 2020 – via newspapers.con .
- Shelton, William Henry (November 19, 1898). "Salmagundi Club's Library". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 12, 2020.
- "F. K. M. Rehn, Artist, Dies. Ex-President of Salmagundi Club Stricken at Summer Home" (PDF). The New York Times. July 8, 1914. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 10, 2009.
- Official website
- Salmagundi Museum of American Art
- Documenting the Gilded Age: New York City Exhibitions at the Turn of the 20th Century A New York Art Resources Consortium project. Exhibition catalogs from the Salmagundi Club.
- The Salmagundi Club Photograph Collection at the New York Historical Society
- Salmagundi Club: David John Gue