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See Salmo, British Columbia, for the Canadian village of the same name.
Temporal range: Miocene to present[1]
Salmo salar.jpg
Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Subfamily: Salmoninae
Genus: Salmo
Linnaeus, 1758

Salmo is a genus of fish in the salmonid[2] (Salmonidae) family that includes the familiar species Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). The natural distribution of the genus is in the Western Palearctic and chiefly European. Only the range of the Atlantic salmon extends to northern North America. The salmon and trout of the Pacific basin belong to another genus of the salmonid (Salmonidae) family, named Oncorhynchus.

The generic name Salmo derives from the Latin salmō (salmon).

The number of distinct species and subspecies in Salmo is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemic to single watersheds. In the 2010s, several new taxa have been erected by Kottelat and coworkers in Anatolia and the Near East.


FishBase lists 47 species in the genus Salmo (as of 2015):[3]


  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  2. ^ "Salmonid" (html). Encyclopædia Britannica Company. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  3. ^ Genus: Salmo, 47 species FishBase 18 June 2015
  4. ^ a b Davut Turan, Esra Doğan, Cüneyt Kaya & Mahir Kanyılmaz (2014). "Salmo kottelati, a new species of trout from Alakır Stream, draining to the Mediterranean in southern Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei, Salmonidae)". ZooKeys, 462: 135–151. 
  5. ^ a b c Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2012): The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 219-236.
  6. ^ a b Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2010): Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 20 (4): 333-364.
  7. ^ a b Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2014): Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3) [2013]: 275-288.