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Temporal range: 23–0 Ma
Miocene to present[1]
Salmo salar-Atlantic Salmon-Atlanterhavsparken Norway.JPG
Salmo salar
Truite fario dans la Sorgue de Velleron.jpg
Salmo trutta
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Subfamily: Salmoninae
Genus: Salmo
Linnaeus, 1758

Salmo is a genus of fish in the salmon family Salmonidae that includes the European species of salmon and trout, among them the familiar Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and the brown trout Salmo trutta. The natural distribution of Salmo also extends to Northern Africa and to Western Asia around the Black Sea basin. The single Salmo species naturally found in the Atlantic North America is the Atlantic salmon, whereas the salmon and trout of the Pacific basin belong to another genus, Oncorhynchus. The generic name Salmo derives from the Latin salmō (salmon). The number of distinct species and subspecies in Salmo is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemic to single watersheds.


The species currently listed in this genus are:


  1. ^ Sepkoski, J. (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560.
  2. ^ a b Turan, D.; Doğan, E.; Kaya, C. & Kanyılmaz, M. (2014). "Salmo kottelati, a new species of trout from Alakır Stream, draining to the Mediterranean in southern Anatolia, Turkey (Teleostei, Salmonidae)". ZooKeys. 462: 135–151. doi:10.3897/zookeys.462.8177. PMC 4284436. PMID 25589858.
  3. ^ a b Turan, D.; Kottelat, M.; Engin, S. (2010). "Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 20 (4): 333–364.
  4. ^ a b Turan, D.; Kottelat, M.; Engin, S. (2014). "Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 24 (3): 275–288.
  5. ^ a b Turan, D.; Kottelat, M.; Engin, S. (2012). "The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 23 (3): 219–236.
  6. ^ a b c Doadrio, I., Perea, S. & Yahyaoui, A. (2015): Two new species of atlantic trout (Actinopterygii, Salmonidae) from Morocco. Graellsia, 71 (2): e031.