Salmon Arm

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Salmon Arm
City
City of Salmon Arm
Salmon Arm and Shuswap Lake
Salmon Arm and Shuswap Lake
Salmon Arm is located in British Columbia
Salmon Arm
Salmon Arm
Location of Salmon Arm in British Columbia
Coordinates: 50°42′8″N 119°16′20″W / 50.70222°N 119.27222°W / 50.70222; -119.27222
CountryCanada Canada
ProvinceBritish Columbia Flag of British Columbia.svg
RegionShuswap Country
Regional DistrictColumbia-Shuswap
Established1905
Government
 • MayorAlan Harrison
 • Governing BodySalmon Arm City Council
 • MPMel Arnold
 • MLAGreg Kyllo
Area
 • City155.28 km2 (59.95 sq mi)
 • Metro165.57 km2 (63.93 sq mi)
Elevation415 m (1,362 ft)
Population (2016)
 • City17,706
 • Density144.0/km2 (373/sq mi)
 • Urban11,810[1]
 • Metro17,904
 • Metro density108.7/km2 (282/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Standard (PST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight (PDT))
Forward sortation areaV1E
Area code(s)250 / 778 / 236
HighwaysTrans-Canada Highway Hwy 1
WebsiteCity of Salmon Arm

Coordinates: 50°42′8″N 119°16′20″W / 50.70222°N 119.27222°W / 50.70222; -119.27222Salmon Arm is a city in the Shuswap Country of the Southern Interior of the Canadian province of British Columbia that has a population of 17,706 (2016). Salmon Arm became a city on May 15, 1905 and is now the location of the head offices of the Columbia-Shuswap Regional District. It is a tourist town in the summer, with many beaches, camping facilities and house boat rentals. Salmon Arm is home to the longest wooden wharf in North America.[2]

Etymology[edit]

Salmon Arm takes its name from its place along Shuswap Lake. The lake has four "arms": Shuswap Arm in the west, Seymour Arm in the north, Anstey Arm in the northeast, and Salmon Arm in the south, named after the large runs of salmon that used to run up the creeks that empty into the lake. The city of Salmon Arm takes its name from its location along the Salmon Arm of Shuswap Lake.[3]

History[edit]

Salmon Arm is located within the traditional territory of the Secwepemc. Little is known about the history of Salmon Arm preceding the laying of the Canadian Pacific Railway in September, 1885. While miners and settlers looked for gold in the surrounding areas, the beaches of Salmon Arm lay virtually untouched. By the end of the 1890s, the town had grown to include many new buildings such as two general stores, a school, and a hotel. The population had also grown to include over 200 citizens.

By 1904, Salmon Arm had acquired a reputation for having an excellent fruit harvest. The local businessmen grew fruit as a main export, sending it to the larger, more populated towns that surrounded it.

In May 1905, a formal local government was started by the request of its citizens. Later on, in 1912, Salmon Arm upgraded its town status to an official city.

In 1951, Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visited Salmon Arm while on a royal tour of Canada.

On August 8, 1982, while Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau and his sons passed through Salmon Arm, they were confronted by three demonstrators protesting "high unemployment and the way the Prime Minister was handling the economy."[4] Trudeau infamously gave the protesters the finger; his gesture was caught on a single television camera and immediately used by some as, "a vivid symbol for those who thought the Liberal prime minister arrogant and hostile to Western Canada."[5] However, to many Trudeau's response was seen as a commemorated joke. Only a month after the incident T-shirts, which depicted a characturized Trudeau leaning out of a train with his middle finger raised, were being produced and sold to the citizens of Salmon Arm.[4]

In 1998, an area of 13,500 acres (34 km2 or just over 5000 hectares) immediately southwest of Salmon Arm was burnt to the extent of deforestation by a wildfire started by lightning. An emergency evacuation was executed as the fire hotfooted it closer. Remarkably, just as the fire reached the valley floor, a sudden change of wind direction forced the fire back on itself, extinguishing it. The fire came so close that trees in many backyards were singed and barn paint was peeled. The media reported "20 homes and 15 barns"[6] were destroyed during the firestorm in the Silver Creek area to the south of Salmon Arm, which also produced Canada's largest civil evacuation up to that date when the "5,000-hectare forest fire that forced the removal of 7,000 residents of Salmon Arm was being blown toward the town."[7]

Geography[edit]

Salmon Arm is on the shores of Shuswap Lake, where the Salmon River empties into the Salmon Arm reach of the Lake. Directly south of the city lies Mount Ida, to the west Fly Hills, and across Shuswap lake lies Bastion Mountain.

A view from Mt Ida overlooking Salmon Arm and Shuswap Lake.

Climate[edit]

With a December and January mean of −3.7 °C (25.3 °F) and a July mean of 19.1 °C (66.4 °F), Salmon Arm has a warm-summer humid continental climate with strong maritime influences as a result of its relative proximity to the Pacific Ocean.

Climate data for Salmon Arm
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
14
(57)
19
(66)
28.5
(83.3)
34
(93)
36.5
(97.7)
39.9
(103.8)
39
(102)
34
(93)
25.5
(77.9)
15.5
(59.9)
9
(48)
39.9
(103.8)
Average high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
2.3
(36.1)
8.1
(46.6)
14.3
(57.7)
19
(66)
22.8
(73)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
19.9
(67.8)
11.4
(52.5)
3.4
(38.1)
−1
(30)
12.7
(54.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.7
(25.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
3
(37)
8
(46)
12.5
(54.5)
16.2
(61.2)
19.1
(66.4)
18.5
(65.3)
13.2
(55.8)
6.7
(44.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−3.7
(25.3)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −6.6
(20.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.6
(34.9)
5.9
(42.6)
9.6
(49.3)
11.6
(52.9)
10.8
(51.4)
6.4
(43.5)
2
(36)
−2.2
(28)
−6.4
(20.5)
2.1
(35.8)
Record low °C (°F) −31.5
(−24.7)
−27
(−17)
−19
(−2)
−7
(19)
−3
(27)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.5
(38.3)
2.5
(36.5)
−6
(21)
−18
(0)
−32
(−26)
−33.5
(−28.3)
−33.5
(−28.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.4
(2.654)
33.9
(1.335)
41.7
(1.642)
43.6
(1.717)
59.4
(2.339)
65.7
(2.587)
46.1
(1.815)
37.5
(1.476)
43.4
(1.709)
54.2
(2.134)
82.4
(3.244)
77.8
(3.063)
653
(25.71)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.2
(0.441)
14.7
(0.579)
32.5
(1.28)
43.1
(1.697)
59.4
(2.339)
65.7
(2.587)
46.1
(1.815)
37.5
(1.476)
43.4
(1.709)
53.6
(2.11)
50.7
(1.996)
11
(0.43)
468.9
(18.461)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 56.2
(22.13)
19.2
(7.56)
9.2
(3.62)
0.6
(0.24)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(0.28)
31.6
(12.44)
66.8
(26.3)
184.2
(72.52)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.6 8.2 10.9 11.7 13.2 13 10 7.7 8.5 12.8 15.7 13.7 138
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.5 3.6 9.4 11.7 13.2 13 10 7.7 8.5 12.7 11 2.4 105.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.9 5.2 2.5 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 6.1 11.9 37.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 30 67.6 138.6 189.6 226.4 225 284.8 267.8 217 103 31.2 21.2 1,802.3
Percent possible sunshine 11.4 23.9 37.7 45.8 47.2 45.7 57.5 59.5 57.1 30.9 11.5 8.5 36.4
Source #1: [8]
Source #2: [9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1921 967—    
1931 1,671+72.8%
1941 1,786+6.9%
1951 2,389+33.8%
1956 3,100+29.8%
1961 4,007+29.3%
1966 4,801+19.8%
1971 7,793+62.3%
1976 9,391+20.5%
1981 10,780+14.8%
1986 11,199+3.9%
1991 12,115+8.2%
1996 14,664+21.0%
2001 15,210+3.7%
2006 16,012+5.3%
2011 17,464+9.1%
2016 17,706+1.4%
Sources: Statistics Canada[10]
Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[11]
Chinese 110 0.6%
South Asian 120 0.7%
Black 100 0.6%
Filipino 100 0.6%
Latin American 25 0.1%
Southeast Asian 10 0.1%
Arab 25 0.1%
West Asian 10 0.1%
Korean 15 0.1%
Japanese 135 0.8%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 0 0%
Total visible minority population 655 3.8%
Aboriginal group
Source:[12]
First Nations 390 2.3%
Métis 670 3.9%
Inuit 10 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 1,115 6.5%
White 15,260 89.6%
Total population 17,030 100%

Economy[edit]

The wooden wharf in Salmon Arm, British Columbia, facing south (May 2013).

The largest employer in the Salmon Arm area is the forest industry and related businesses; however, due to economic conditions, the former Federated Co-Op sawmill has been out of operation since 2008, although the co-located plywood production facility has generally remained operational. The plywood plant is now owned by Gorman Bros. Lumber Ltd. The city benefits from access to the mainline of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which passes through the city.

Many tourists come to Salmon Arm from Vancouver, Calgary and Asia. Most tourists arrive during the summer season, either stopping en route to other holiday destinations, or to visit Shuswap Lake, often via rental houseboats and which has recreation residential communities and campgrounds all around its shores. Salmon Arm has several hotels, campsites and houseboat rental outlets.

Education[edit]

Public schools in Salmon Arm are part of School District 83 North Okanagan-Shuswap; within the city limits, there are currently five elementary schools (kindergarten to Grade 7), one middle school (Grades 6 to 8), and a secondary school with two campuses. Several elementary schools outside the city limits, including one combined elementary/middle school feed into the middle school and secondary school in Salmon Arm. The current division of education grades between the different categories of schools began in 2007; prior to 2007, elementary schools within the city limits offered kindergarten to Grade 7, followed by two junior high schools with Grades 8 to 10, and a single senior secondary school with Grades 11 and 12. School District 83 also has its administrative offices (located in the town centre) and maintenance complex (located in the community's main industrial park) in Salmon Arm.

Salmon Arm has a campus of Okanagan College that offers many programs in a wide range of fields.

Notable academics with ties to Salmon Arm include David Lethbridge and Mike Worobey,[13][14] winner of the Nora and Ted Sterling Prize in Support of Controversy for 2009 from Simon Fraser University.[15]

Culture[edit]

The summer months are when the city experiences its largest fluctuation of population with people on holidays coming to visit the city and surrounding area. During every third weekend of August the annual Salmon Arm Roots and Blues festival draws large crowds of festival goers with an international roster of performers. The Festival emerged from the Shuswap Coffee House movement of the 1970s and 1980s, which by 1991 had coalesced into the non profit Salmon Arm Folk Music Society, the Festival's founding body. From its grassroots beginnings, Roots & Blues has grown into the largest and most musically diverse festival in the British Columbian interior.[16] In July 2011 there was the first annual Sturgis North Motor Cycle Rally. Even though the city of Salmon Arm had mixed feelings about the event, 35,000 people attended.[17] There is also the annual Shuswap International Writers' Festival.

Salmon Arm is home to a multiplex movie theatre (Salmar Grand) and a single screen theatre for movies and live stage performances (Salmar Classic); both are owned and operated by a non-profit community organization, the Salmar Community Association.[18][19] Additionally, a community theatre society hosts plays and other live stage performances (Shuswap Theatre)[20] in a building across the street from the Salmar Grand multiplex.

The RJ Haney Heritage Park & Museum[21] is Salmon Arm's main museum, and celebrates the history of the region. The museum often offers a dinner theatre program during the summer months, with the theatre component offering plays based on local history.

Salmon Arm is home to a branch of Okanagan Regional Library (ORL),[22] which is currently located in Piccadilly Mall.

The Salmon Arm public art gallery is the Shuswap Art Gallery,[23] housed in a historic building owned by the city. The building was originally a post office, and later housed the Salmon Arm branch of Okanagan Regional Library for many years.

Notable performers with Salmon Arm connections include local blues group the Salmon Armenians.[24]

Sports and recreation[edit]

Large crowds of tourists and locals are drawn to the beaches at Sunnybrae, Canoe, and elsewhere on Shuswap Lake during the summer. The city has many large hotels, as well as berths for a number of houseboats.

The community offers a number of recreational facilities and sports leagues. There are fields for soccer/rugby/football, fields for baseball/softball, as well as a 6 sheet curling rink (SACC), five-pin bowling lanes (lakeside lanes bowling center), several golf courses and many seasonal recreational businesses. The proximity of the Shuswap Lake has also resulted in a growing interest in rowing and paddling sports,[25] particularly dragon boat racing.

The Salmon Arm Silverbacks hockey team, in the BCHL, plays at Shaw Centre (formerly the Sunwave Centre). The publicly owned twin ice rink facility is named in relation to the facility's community sponsor, Shaw Cable (which purchased the local, independent cable service provider SunCountry Cablevision in June 2011; SunCountry had branded its highspeed cable Internet service as Sunwave.net, and had sponsored the ice rink facility under the name Sunwave Centre). Co-located in the same area with the Shaw Centre are the city's recreation centre (with pool, racquet courts, weight facility and auditorium/gymnasium), curling rink, lawn bowling facility, horseshoe pitch, and the Salmon Arm campus of Okanagan College. The city's previous indoor ice arena, Memorial Arena, has been re-purposed as an indoor field sports facility, and is heavily used by such sports as soccer, rugby, and archery. Memorial Arena, with sponsorship from the Salmon Arm Savings & Credit Union has been re-branded as the SASCU Memorial Recreation Centre, while the main recreation centre is similarly sponsored and branded the SASCU Recreation Centre.

Former NHL player Dave Scatchard was raised in Salmon Arm, playing his minor hockey there. Other notable athletes raised in or with ties to Salmon Arm are swimmer Rick Say and curler Sandra Jenkins.

Transportation[edit]

Salmon Arm lies on the Trans-Canada Highway approximately halfway between Vancouver and Calgary. It is also at the top of Highway 97, which leads to Vernon and Kelowna. The economy benefits from through traffic; many brand-name hotels and restaurants have opened in the past few decades.

The Canadian Pacific Railway also runs through Salmon Arm. No passenger service is available, though the Rocky Mountaineer trains pass through on occasion.

Salmon Arm Airport mainly serves general aviation aircraft, though scheduled service to Vancouver and Calgary was available by Northern Hawk Aviation until it ceased operations.

Salmon Arm is served by Greyhound Bus Lines for travel to other cities in the region, province and across Canada.

Salmon Arm has a minor, infrequent bus service to nearby suburbs, using small commuter minibuses, as well as handyDart service for the disabled.[26]

Wildfire Damage 1998[edit]

In 1998, an area of 13,500 acres (about 55 km2 or 5500 hectares) immediately southwest of Salmon Arm was burnt to the extent of deforestation by a wildfire started by lightning. The fire came down from the Fly Hills in the west and embers carried by the wind jumped the valley and ignited Mount Ida. Flames raced down both sides of the valley, threatening many homes. An emergency evacuation was executed as the fire hotfooted it closer. Remarkably, just as the fire reached the valley floor, a sudden change of wind direction forced the fire back on itself, extinguishing it. The fire came so close that trees in many backyards were singed and barn paint was peeled.

The media reported "20 homes and 15 barns"[27] were destroyed during the firestorm in the Silver Creek area to the south of Salmon Arm, which also produced Canada's largest civil evacuation up to that date when the "5,000-hectare forest fire that forced the removal of 7,000 residents of Salmon Arm was being blown toward the town."[28]

Sister city[edit]

  • Japan Salmon Arm's sister city is Inashiki, Ibaraki, Japan [29] (Formerly Azuma, Ibaraki, Japan, until its recent amalgamation into Inashiki). There is a pavilion near McGuire Lake in honour of the friendship between Japan and Salmon Arm.

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The Punch-Out!! character Bear Hugger resides in Salmon Arm. Additionally, he even has an attack of the same name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses: British Columbia. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Salmon Arm BC's website". salmonarmbc.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Salmon Arm | Shuswap | Thompson Okanagan | Travel British Columbia". www.travel-british-columbia.com. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  4. ^ a b "Trudeau Salute on Shirts". Tri City Herald. 10 September 1982. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  5. ^ "One Finger Salute Crude to Ont. Film Review Bd". The Canadian Press. 7 February 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  6. ^ [John Colebourn, Staff Reporter. The Province. Vancouver, B.C.: Nov 5, 1998. pg. A.29]
  7. ^ [Camille Bains. The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver, B.C.: Aug 11, 1998. pg. A.1.FRO]
  8. ^ "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on 27 January 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  9. ^ "Daily Data Report for July 1998". Environment Canada. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
  10. ^ "British Columbia – Municipal Census Populations (1921–2011)". BC Stats. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  11. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  12. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  13. ^ "University of Arizona faculty bio page". eebweb.arizona.edu. Archived from the original on 10 November 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  14. ^ Salmon Arm Observer news article, September 29, 2009, p. A4
  15. ^ Sterling Prize website; after 2009, reference can be found on the annual recipients page
  16. ^ "Salmon Arm ROOTS&BLUES Festival | WHERE MUSICIANS GO TO PLAY!". rootsandblues.ca. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  17. ^ "Account Suspended | Sturgis North's website". sturgisnorth.com. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  18. ^ "Salmar Theatres/Salmar Community Association website". salmartheatre.org. Retrieved 10 April 2017.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ "Salmon Arm Observer, December 1, 2009 news article on Salmar Community Association plans for theatres". bclocalnews.com. Retrieved 10 April 2017.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ "Shuswap Theatre - Entertaining the Shuswap since 1977!". shuswaptheatre.com. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  21. ^ "R.J. Haney Heritage Village & Museum". salmonarmmuseum.org. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  22. ^ "Okanagan Regional Library | Kelowna & Okanagan Public Libraries". orl.bc.ca. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  23. ^ "SAGA Public Art Gallery website". sagapublicartgallery.ca. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  24. ^ "The Salmon Armenians". salmonarmenians.com. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  25. ^ "Shuswap Association for Rowing and Paddling website". shuswappaddleandrow.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-22. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  26. ^ "BC Transit - Welcome to Shuswap – Shuswap Transit System". bctransit.com. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  27. ^ [John Colebourn, Staff Reporter. The Province. Vancouver, B.C.: Nov 5, 1998. pg. A.29]
  28. ^ [Camille Bains. The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver, B.C.: Aug 11, 1998. pg. A.1.FRO]
  29. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 22 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  30. ^ "Salmon Arm Observer news article, July 28, 2009". bclocalnews.com. Archived from the original on 30 November 2009. Retrieved 10 April 2017.

External links[edit]