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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Salmorejo, sometimes known as ardoria or ardorío, is a traditional creamy soup originating from Andalusia, southern Spain, made of pear tomato, bread, extra virgin olive oil and garlic.[1] The salmorejo is served cold and may be garnished with diced Spanish ibérico ham and diced hard-boiled eggs.[2]

A bowl of salmorejo
Alternative namesArdoria, ardorío
Place of originSpain
Region or stateAndalusia
Serving temperatureCold
Main ingredientsTomato, bread, extra virgin olive oil, garlic and salt
VariationsGazpacho porra antequerana



The recipe (according to Villegas, member of the Royal Academy of Gastronomy and director of the Salmorejos National Congress) has its origin in the word "aliño" (dressing) and in principle it was a sauce composed of water, vinegar, salt and oil to season the rabbit. It will be after the discovery of the New World when the tomato is incorporated.

First references to the word "salmorejo" date back to the 17th century, being a transitional soup between the old and new world.[3]

According to another theory, the origin of the original recipe was brought from the region of Alentejo, Portugal, after the Spanish prisoners were released in the aftermath of the Battle of Montes Claros.

Ingredients and preparation


The ingredients and proportions to make salmorejo are:1 kg of tomatoes, 200 g of bread, preferably a special bread called pan de telera, garlic and 100 g of extra virgin olive oil. .Normally, the tomatoes are skinned and puréed with the other ingredients.

The bread used for salmorejo is called pan de telera, which is equivalent to Castilian pan candeal. This is a bread with a very dense and white crumb (as it is made with a variety of wheat flour that has a high protein content and less water and gluten content than other flours) and thin crust. Using this kind of bread is important to give salmorejo its characteristic texture.[4]

Differences with gazpacho and variations


Salmorejo is more pink-orange in appearance than gazpacho, and is also much thicker and creamier in texture, because it includes more olive oil and bread and this is of a different kind (in gazpacho, usually stale loaf bread soaked in water is used). There are several variations in Andalusia, including ardoria and porra antequerana (with bits of tuna as topping).[5][6]

Other dishes called salmorejo


Salmorejo is also the name given to a marinade typical of Canary Islands cuisine. It is used to flavour meat before cooking, especially rabbit (conejo en salmorejo) which is a speciality of the islands. Typical marinade ingredients include salt, garlic, paprika and hot peppers.[7]

Salmorejo should not be confused with the southern Italian/Sicilian salmoriglio, despite both sharing the same etymology (from Latin salimuria meaning "brine"). Whereas salmorejo is a tomato-based soup, salmoriglio is a sauce consisting of lemon, herbs, and olive oil.

See also



  1. ^ "Gastronomía - Turismo en Campillo de Arenas". www.campillodearenas.eu. 2020-06-05. Retrieved 2024-07-02.
  2. ^ Teresa Barrenechea, Christopher Hirsheimer, Jeffrey Koehler, (2005), The cuisines of Spain: exploring regional home cooking, New York, Ten Speed Press, ISBN 1-58008-515-6, pag. 67
  3. ^ "¿Dónde está el origen del salmorejo cordobés? Where is the origin of Cordoba salmorejo?". Diario ABC (in Spanish). 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2024-07-03.
  4. ^ "4 delicious Andalusian cold soups to survive a hot summer". drivemefoody.com. 4 July 2020.
  5. ^ Warner, Leah (2020-07-09). "Gazpacho vs Salmorejo: What's the Difference?". Citylife Madrid. Retrieved 2024-07-02.
  6. ^ Recker, Bree (2020-08-15). "Gazpacho and Salmorejo, Healthy and Refreshing Dishes". The Gourmet Journal (in Spanish). Retrieved 2024-07-02.
  7. ^ "Conejo en salmorejo (Rabbit in marinade)". Retrieved 2024-07-02.

Further reading