Salo, Finland

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Salo
City
Salon kaupunki
Salo town centre by night
Salo town centre by night
Coat of arms of Salo
Coat of arms
Location of Salo in Finland
Location of Salo in Finland
Coordinates: 60°23′10″N 023°07′30″E / 60.38611°N 23.12500°E / 60.38611; 23.12500Coordinates: 60°23′10″N 023°07′30″E / 60.38611°N 23.12500°E / 60.38611; 23.12500
Country  Finland
Region Southwest Finland
Sub-region Salo
Market town 1887
City rights 1960
Government
 • City manager Lauri Inna
Area (2018-01-01)[1]
 • City 2,168.30 km2 (837.19 sq mi)
 • Land 1,986.49 km2 (766.99 sq mi)
 • Water 181.78 km2 (70.19 sq mi)
Area rank 30th largest in Finland
Population (2017-08-31)[2]
 • City 53,188
 • Rank 20th largest in Finland
 • Density 26.77/km2 (69.3/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,000,333
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 94.6% (official)
 • Swedish 1%
 • Others 4.4%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 16.9%
 • 15 to 64 64.5%
 • 65 or older 18.6%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18.75%
Climate Dfb
Website www.salo.fi

Salo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsɑlo]) is a town and municipality of Finland.

It is in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Southwest Finland region. The municipality has a population of 53,188[2] (August 31, 2017) and covers an area of 2,168.30 square kilometres (837.19 sq mi) of which 181.78 km2 (70.19 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 26.77/km2 (69.3/sq mi).

In Finnish salo means woodland, backwoods but also a wooded island. It is thought that Salo has meant the island that over thousand years ago existed to the south of the current town but is today (due to the post-glacial rebound typical in the area) a hill, not even very close to the sea.[6]

Salo is located between the capital Helsinki and the provincial capital Turku, making it a busy small city. The short distance from these bigger cities keeps the Salo region and its business life growing. Farming also plays a considerable part in the area. Salo's neighbouring municipalities are Koski Tl, Lohja, Kemiönsaari, Marttila, Paimio, Raseborg, Sauvo and Somero.

Once the town's main claim to notability, Salo had a large consumer electronics and mobile phone industry, with a manufacturing plant operated by Nokia and briefly by Microsoft Mobile in the 2010s until it was shut down. Nokia was once the dominant employer in the town, and the plant's closure in 2015 has led to high unemployment.

Salo is the birthplace of the president of Finland Sauli Niinistö.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

History[edit]

Salo has existed as a centre of rural commerce since at least the 16th century, emerging in the location where the Great Coastal Road,[7] the important East-West road, crossed River Salo; the river provided the fairway to the sea. In 1887 Salo officially became a market town and, in the beginning of 1891, an independent municipality.[8] The area of the municipality was initially very small, only 0.65 km². In 1932 it grew to 18 km² when areas from neighbouring Uskela and Halikko were annexed to Salo. Eventually Salo became a town in 1960. The municipality of Uskela was consolidated with Salo 1967. The municipalities of Halikko, Kiikala, Kisko, Kuusjoki, Muurla, Perniö, Pertteli, Suomusjärvi and Särkisalo were consolidated with Salo in the beginning of 2009. Salo is also a popular last name in Finland.

Industry[edit]

Salo was well known in Finland and around the world for its large mobile phone factory operated by Nokia. Nokia first started producing mobile phones in Salo in 1981. A new plant, 15,000 square metres, opened in June 1995. By this time 1,200 people were employed there, and it exported products to 70 countries as of 1995.[9] As of 2008, 5,000 people were employed at the plant.[10]

In 2012 amid heavy financial losses, Nokia laid off a third of Salo's 3,500 workforce and gradually shifted manufacturing to Asia. It had a negative impact on the town with unemployment rising. In 2010 Nokia accounted for 95% of the town's corporate tax income, amounting to €60 million, but this dropped to just €14 million by 2012.[11] By the end of the year Salo no longer produced hardware and became a research and development centre.

After the centre was in the hands of Microsoft Mobile, layoffs continued and eventually in June 2015 Microsoft announced the closure of the plant, putting the jobs of the 1,100 employees at risk. By this time Salo's unemployment rate was 15%, and the layoffs could push that further to 20%. Solidarity was expressed by some Finnish politicians after Salo's decline, which also came amid Finland's slow post-2008 crisis economy.[12]

Sports[edit]

The city is home to the professional basketball team Salon Vilpas Vikings, which plays in the Finish 1st Division Korisliiga. It plays its home games in the Salohalli. The most important orienteering club is Angelniemen Ankkuri, which organizes the Halikko relay every autumn.

Transportation[edit]

VR Class Vr1 steam locomotive no. 656 "Kana" ("Hen") on a turntable outside Salo Art Museum

European route E18 runs through Salo, passing the city center a few kilometers North. The "Coastal Railway" from Helsinki to Turku and further to Turku Harbour crosses the town center; all InterCity trains and most of the high-speed Pendolino trains stop at Salo railway station. The closest airports are Turku Airport (limited number of domestic and international flights) and Helsinki-Vantaa Airport.

In 2016, the city of Salo signed a letter of intent with Los Angeles-based company Hyperloop One in order to launch a project to build a 50 km long Hyperloop tube between Salo and Turku.[13]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — eleven cities[edit]

Salo has eight sister cities:[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Ennakkoväkiluku sukupuolen mukaan alueittain, elokuu 2017" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 October 2017. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Paikkala et al. (2007). "Suomalainen paikannimikirja", p.398. Karttakeskus: Kotimaisten kielten tutkimuskeskus. ISBN 978-951-593-976-0.
  7. ^ Salminen, Tapio (1993). "Suuri Rantatie", Tielaitos. ISBN 951-37-1044-0.
  8. ^ Alifrosti, Kari (1996). "Salon ja Uskelan historia 1869-1990", Salon Kaupunki. ISBN 951-96152-1-0.
  9. ^ "Nokia's New Mobile Phones Factory Opened in Salo - Nokia". Nokia. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Lines go silent in Finnish town of Salo as Microsoft shuts Nokia phone". Uk.reuters.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Nokia layoffs have big impact on small town in Finland". Theverge.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  12. ^ "Microsoft has crushed the economic hopes of Finland's Salo as it closes its Nokia plant and jeopardises 1,100 jobs". Uk.businessinsider.com. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  13. ^ Hyperloop between Finland, Sweden would cost €19bn. helsinkitimes.fi (8 July 2016). Retrieved on 22 July 2016.
  14. ^ "Sivua ei löydy". Salo.fi. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  15. ^ "Välissuhted" (in Estonian). Elva linn. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 

Photo gallery[edit]

External links[edit]