Salon-de-Provence

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Salon-de-Provence
Commune
A view of Salon-de-Provence, with the church and clock tower
A view of Salon-de-Provence, with the church and clock tower
Coat of arms of Salon-de-Provence
Coat of arms
Salon-de-Provence is located in France
Salon-de-Provence
Salon-de-Provence
Location within Provence-A.-C.d'A. region
Salon-de-Provence is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Salon-de-Provence
Salon-de-Provence
Coordinates: Coordinates: 43°38′26″N 5°05′50″E / 43.6406°N 5.0972°E / 43.6406; 5.0972
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Aix-en-Provence
Canton Salon-de-Provence-1 and 2
Intercommunality Aix-Marseille-Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Nicolas Isnard (UMP)
Area1 70.3 km2 (27.1 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 43,771
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code 13103 /13300
Elevation 53–325 m (174–1,066 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Salon-de-Provence (Occitan: Selon) is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in southern France. It is the location of an important air base.

History[edit]

Salon was a Gallo-Roman oppidum well positioned on the salt trade routes between Adriatic, Atlantic and Mediterranean seas, hence its name. This region was under the Phocaean influence since the sixth century BC, and stretches of the Via Aurelia can still be recognized just outside the town, but the earliest mention of the place under its familiar name is of the ninth century, as Villa Salone. The archbishops of Arles controlled the site.

Its principal claim to fame today is as the place where Nostradamus spent his last years and is buried. His dwelling is maintained as a museum, and for four days every June or July, the city celebrates its history during the time of Nostradamus, attracting tourists.

The historic center still lies within its circuit of walls, entered through two seventeenth-century gateways, the Porte de l'Horloge and the Port Bourg Neuf.

In 1559 the engineer Adam de Craponne opened the Canal de Craponne to bring fresh water from the river Durance to the town and the surrounding plain of Crau. Inexpensive freight brought commerce to Salon, and the town prospered.

Sights[edit]

Nostradamus house

Château de l'Emperi[edit]

The castle, which was the biggest in Provence during the 12th and 13th centuries and was mentioned as early as the tenth, still dominates the old town. It was the preferred residence of the bishops of Arles, when Provence was part of the Holy Roman Empire, hence its name. It became the property of the city after the French Revolution. After damage caused by the 1909 earthquake, it has been restored and now hosts a museum of military history. Every summer, it hosts an international classical music festival.

Fontaine Moussue[edit]

The fountain in Place Crousillat has existed since the 16th century. During the 20th century, limestone concretions and vegetation developed, giving the familiar mushroom aspect.

St Michel Chapel[edit]

Built during the 13th century, this chapel boasts a remarkable Romanesque tympanum featuring the paschal lamb.

Collégiale Saint Laurent[edit]

The current edifice was erected during 15th century by Cardinal Louis Aleman, who was then bishop of Arles.

Salon-de-Provence Air Base[edit]

Salon-de-Provence Air Base is the site of the French Air Force Academy, as well as the home of the French Aerial Demonstration team, the Patrouille de France.

Market[edit]

Every Wednesday the Place Morgan is host to a Provençal market.

Culture[edit]

Each summer, the Château de l'Empéri hosts a festival of chamber music.

Some years the Château is the venue for Nostradamiques – an historical re-enactment of the time of Nostradamus which includes processions and a transformation of the old medieval downtown. One such re-enactment was performed by the television presenter Jean-Pierre Foucault. In 2006 Robert Hossein compered the closing ceremony of the re-enactment.

Personalities[edit]

International relations - Twin towns[edit]

Salon-de-Provence is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

Population[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Salon-de-Provence (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1939–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
22.8
(73)
25.7
(78.3)
29.2
(84.6)
34.4
(93.9)
37.1
(98.8)
39.7
(103.5)
39.3
(102.7)
34.8
(94.6)
30.1
(86.2)
24.2
(75.6)
22.0
(71.6)
39.7
(103.5)
Average high °C (°F) 11.0
(51.8)
12.4
(54.3)
15.7
(60.3)
18.4
(65.1)
22.8
(73)
26.9
(80.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.7
(85.5)
25.3
(77.5)
20.6
(69.1)
14.6
(58.3)
11.4
(52.5)
20.0
(68)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
7.0
(44.6)
9.9
(49.8)
12.6
(54.7)
16.7
(62.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
19.4
(66.9)
15.4
(59.7)
10.0
(50)
6.8
(44.2)
14.3
(57.7)
Average low °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
1.6
(34.9)
4.1
(39.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.6
(51.1)
14.3
(57.7)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
13.5
(56.3)
10.2
(50.4)
5.3
(41.5)
2.2
(36)
8.7
(47.7)
Record low °C (°F) −14.3
(6.3)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−9.4
(15.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.2
(39.6)
7.6
(45.7)
7.7
(45.9)
3.1
(37.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−7.6
(18.3)
−14.4
(6.1)
−18.5
(−1.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.1
(2.012)
35.1
(1.382)
35.9
(1.413)
57.5
(2.264)
48.9
(1.925)
26.3
(1.035)
10.6
(0.417)
33.7
(1.327)
77.8
(3.063)
85.2
(3.354)
66.5
(2.618)
50.7
(1.996)
579.3
(22.807)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.2 4.8 4.5 6.3 5.2 3.2 1.5 3.0 4.8 6.5 6.2 5.5 56.6
Average snowy days 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.9 2.4
Average relative humidity (%) 75 73 68 67 67 65 61 64 72 76 77 77 70.2
Source #1: Meteo France[2][3][4]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity, snowy days 1961–1990)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Simon - JACQUEMUS | Official website". JACQUEMUS | Official website. Retrieved 2018-07-26.
  2. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Salon-de-Provence" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  3. ^ "Climat Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  4. ^ "Salon de Provence (13)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Salon de Provence (13) - altitude 59m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 14, 2016.

External links[edit]