Salon Indien du Grand Café

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Cinématographe Lumière poster featuring an image of Le Jardinier (l'Arroseur Arrosé) ("The Gardener", or "The Sprinkler Sprinkled")

Le Salon Indien du Grand Café was a room in the basement of the Grand Café, on the Boulevard des Capucines near the Place de l'Opéra in the center of Paris. It is notable for being the place that hosted the first commercial public film screening by the Lumière brothers, on December 28, 1895. The ten short films on the program (in order of presentation), were:[1]

  1. La Sortie de l'Usine Lumière à Lyon (literally, "the exit from the Lumière factory in Lyon", or, under its more common English title, Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory), 46 seconds
  2. Le Jardinier (l'Arroseur Arrosé) ("The Gardener", or "The Sprinkler Sprinkled"), 49 seconds
  3. Le Débarquement du Congrès de Photographie à Lyon ("the disembarkment of the Congress of Photographers in Lyon"), 48 seconds
  4. La Voltige ("Horse Trick Riders"), 46 seconds
  5. La Pêche aux poissons rouges ("fishing for goldfish"), 42 seconds
  6. Les Forgerons ("Blacksmiths"), 49 seconds
  7. Repas de bébé ("Baby's Breakfast" (lit. "baby's meal")), 41 seconds
  8. Le Saut à la couverture ("Jumping Onto the Blanket"), 41 seconds
  9. La Places des Cordeliers à Lyon ("Cordeliers Square in Lyon"—a street scene), 44 seconds
  10. La Mer (Baignade en mer) ("the sea [bathing in the sea]"), 38 seconds

Times per available video versions. The cinematograph was hand-cranked for the recording and the exhibition of the films.

The Lumière's previously screened films at the Société d'encouragement pour l'industrie nationale on 22 March 1895 and at the Congrès de photographes in Lyon on 11 June 1895.[2]

Earlier commercial public screenings of films were held by Woodville Latham, his sons and Eugene Augustin Lauste with their Eidoloscope on 20 May 1895[3] and by Max Skladanowsky and his brother Emil with the Bioscop in Berlin from 1 to 31 November 1895 and in Hamburg from 21 December 1895.[4] Also Émile Reynaud's presentations of his hand-painted bands of Pantomimes Lumineuses for his Théâtre Optique from 1892 to 1900 at the Musée Grévin in Paris can be regarded as earlier commercial public film screenings. Before that, Ottomar Anschütz already presented his chronophotographic recordings as moving pictures to thousands of paying costumers with his Electrotachyscope, on a small opal glass screen since 1887 and on a large screen from November 1894 to March 1895. [5]

Currently, the building standing at No. 14 Boulevard des Capucines is the Hotel Scribe, which opened a restaurant called 'Café Lumière', in memory of its history. The Grand Cafe Capucines located at No. 4 is a successor to the original, further along the boulevard.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bienvenue sur Adobe GoLive 4 Archived 2005-09-12 at the Wayback Machine. Institut-lumiere.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  2. ^ "FAQ – Movies". Catalogue Lumière (in French). 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  3. ^ Streible, Dan (11 April 2008). Fight Pictures: A History of Boxing and Early Cinema. University of California Press. p. 46. ISBN 9780520940581. Retrieved 16 May 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Who's Who of Victorian Cinema". www.victorian-cinema.net. Retrieved 2020-03-22.
  5. ^ Rossell, Deac. "The Exhibition of Moving Pictures before 1896". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°52′13″N 2°19′46″E / 48.87028°N 2.32944°E / 48.87028; 2.32944