Salqin

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Salqin
سلقين
Town
Street scene in Salqin, 2009
Street scene in Salqin, 2009
Salqin is located in Syria
Salqin
Salqin
Coordinates: 36°8′18″N 36°27′13″E / 36.13833°N 36.45361°E / 36.13833; 36.45361
Country  Syria
Governorate Idlib
District Harem
Subdistrict Salqin
Occupation Jabhat Fateh al-Sham
Elevation 846 m (2,776 ft)
Population (2004)[1]
 • Total 23,700
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Salqin (Arabic: سلقين‎‎) is a town in Syria, administratively part of Idlib Governorate. Nearby localities include Kafr Takharim to the southeast, Abu Talha to the south, Dalbiyah to the southwest, al-Alani to the northwest and Isqat to the northeast. Salqin is the center of its nahiya (subdistrict). It had a population of 23,700 in 2004.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims,[2][3] although there is also a small Alawite community.[2]

The town is situated in the southern Orontes River valley and has an altitude of 460 meters above sea level. Olive and other fruit trees surround Salqin. It exports produce from these orchards as well as vegetables. Agriculture is sustained by the large number of springs in Salqin.[3]

History[edit]

According to legends, the city was the summer residence of Seleucus I, hence the naming. An inscription, found on a stone between two cypress in the village, dates its foundation to 98 BC.[4]

Salqin was mentioned by medieval Muslim historian Izz al-Din ibn Shaddad al-Halabi as the site of one of 22 abandoned or ruined fortresses in the Aleppo region, likely disbanded or destroyed during the Mongol invasions of Syria in the mid to late 13th century. The Mamluks who gained power in the region at that time did not rebuild the fortress in Salqin.[5]

A former education minister and two former governors of Homs and Raqqah were from Salqin. In November 2012, during the Syrian civil war, Syrian rebels captured the town from government forces. According to anti-government activists, around 70% of Salqin's residents still supported the government of Bashar al-Assad in January 2013. This has led to tensions, but no significant violence between the two sides.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Salqin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
9.6
(49.3)
13.8
(56.8)
19.1
(66.4)
24.5
(76.1)
28.5
(83.3)
30.1
(86.2)
30.9
(87.6)
28.3
(82.9)
23.4
(74.1)
16.8
(62.2)
10.4
(50.7)
20.28
(68.48)
Average low °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
1.9
(35.4)
4.5
(40.1)
7.8
(46)
12.0
(53.6)
16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
15.8
(60.4)
11.7
(53.1)
6.8
(44.2)
2.9
(37.2)
9.98
(49.96)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 157
(6.18)
147
(5.79)
124
(4.88)
71
(2.8)
33
(1.3)
13
(0.51)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
15
(0.59)
40
(1.57)
67
(2.64)
177
(6.97)
847
(33.35)
Average snowy days 4 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 9
Source: Climate-Data.org [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Idlib Governorate. Archived at [1]. (Arabic)
  2. ^ a b c Atassi, Basma. Syrian town takes strife in stride. Al Jazeera English. 2013-01-20.
  3. ^ a b Boulanger, 1966, p. 479.
  4. ^ Lieutenant Froment (1930). "Carte touristique et archéologique du Caza de Hārem". Syria: Revue d'art oriental et d'archeologie. 11 (3): 288. 
  5. ^ Raphael, 2010, pp. 89-90.
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference Climate-Data.org was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 36°08′N 36°27′E / 36.133°N 36.450°E / 36.133; 36.450