Salt (software)

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Salt
Developer(s) Thomas S Hatch
Initial release 19 March 2011; 6 years ago (2011-03-19)
Stable release
2016.11.5 / 10 May 2017; 36 days ago (2017-05-10)[1]
Repository github.com/saltstack/salt.git
Written in Python
Operating system Unix-like, OS X, Windows
Type Configuration management and Infrastructure as Code
License Apache 2.0
Website saltstack.com

Salt (sometimes referred to as the SaltStack Platform) is a Python-based open-source configuration management software and remote execution engine. Supporting the "Infrastructure as Code" approach to deployment and cloud management, it competes primarily with Puppet, Chef, and Ansible.[2]

History[edit]

Salt originated from the need for high speed data collection and execution in system administration environments. The author of Salt, Thomas S Hatch, had previously created a number of in-house solutions for companies to solve the problem but found his and other open source solutions to be lacking.[3] Hatch decided to use the ZeroMQ messaging library to facilitate the high-speed requirements and built Salt using ZeroMQ for all networking layers.

In July 2014 (in "Helium" release) RAET (Reliable Asynchronous Event Transport Protocol) reliable queuing transport system was added. It has been developed in partnership with a number of large enterprises to give Salt an alternative to ZeroMQ and a way to get Salt to scale well beyond tens of thousands of servers.[4]

States[edit]

In late May 2011, initial progress was made toward the development of adding a central configuration manager to Salt.[5] This configuration management system is based on storing all of the configuration or "state" data inside an easily understood data structure. While experimental functionality of the Salt State system was available in May 2011, it was not considered stable until the release of Salt 0.9.3 in November 2011.[6]

Design[edit]

Salt was designed to be highly modular and easily extensible, to make it easy to mold to diverse applications.[7]

The module design of Salt creates Python modules that handle certain aspects of the available Salt systems. These modules allow for the interactions within Salt to be detached and modified to suit the needs of a developer or system administrator.

Module types[edit]

The Salt system maintains many module types to manage specific actions. Modules can be added to any of the systems that support dynamic modules. These modules manage all the remote execution and state management behavior of Salt. The modules can be separated into six groups:

  • Execution modules are the workhorse for Salt's functionality. They represent the functions available for direct execution from the remote execution engine. These modules contain the specific cross platform information used by Salt to manage portability, and constitute the core api of system level functions used by Salt systems.[8]
  • State modules are the components that make up the backend for the Salt configuration management system. These modules execute the code needed to enforce, set up or change the configuration of a target system. Like other modules, more states become available when they are added to the states modules.
  • Grains are a system for detecting static information about a system and storing it in RAM for rapid gathering.[9]
  • Renderer modules are used to render the information passed to the Salt state system. The renderer system is what makes it possible to represent Salt's configuration management data in any serializable format.[10]
  • Returners: the remote execution calls made by Salt are detached from the calling system; this allows the return information generated by the remote execution to be returned to an arbitrary location. Management of arbitrary return locations is managed by the Returner Modules.[11]
  • Runners are master side convenience applications executed by the salt-run command.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Releases - saltstack/salt". Retrieved 12 May 2017 – via GitHub. 
  2. ^ "Review: Puppet vs. Chef vs. Ansible vs. Salt". 2013-11-21. 
  3. ^ "FLOSS Weekly 191: Salt". TwitTV. Retrieved March 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Salt 2014.7.0 Release Notes - Codename Helium". 
  5. ^ "red45.wordpress.com salt configuration management". red45.wordpress.com. Retrieved May 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Salt Release Notes - 0.9.3". saltstack. Retrieved Nov 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ "FLOSS Weekly 191: Salt". TwitTV. Retrieved March 19, 2011. 
  8. ^ "salt documentation - Writing Modules". saltstack. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  9. ^ "salt documentation - Grains". saltstack. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  10. ^ "salt documentation - Renderers". saltstack. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  11. ^ "salt documentation - Returners". saltstack. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ "salt documentation - Runners". saltstack. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 

External links[edit]