Salt Fork Arkansas River

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Salt Fork Arkansas River
Grand Saline River, Kicpahaatihariʾ, Little Arkansas River, Nesuketonga River, Red Fork Arkansas River[1]
Salt Fork Arkansas River.jpg
The Salt Fork at Tonkawa, Oklahoma
Map of the Salt Fork Arkansas watershed
CountryUnited States
StateKansas, Oklahoma
Physical characteristics
 ⁃ locationComanche County, Kansas
 ⁃ coordinates37°10′40″N 99°21′48″W / 37.17778°N 99.36333°W / 37.17778; -99.36333
 ⁃ elevation2,042 ft (622 m)
MouthArkansas River
 ⁃ location
Kay County, Oklahoma
 ⁃ coordinates
36°35′58″N 97°03′11″W / 36.59944°N 97.05306°W / 36.59944; -97.05306Coordinates: 36°35′58″N 97°03′11″W / 36.59944°N 97.05306°W / 36.59944; -97.05306[1]
 ⁃ elevation
896 ft (273 m)
Length239 mi (385 km)
 ⁃ locationUSGS 07151000 at Tonkawa, OK[2]
 ⁃ average927 cu ft/s (26.2 m3/s)
 ⁃ minimum0 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
 ⁃ maximum57,800 cu ft/s (1,640 m3/s)
Basin features
 ⁃ leftMedicine Lodge River, Chikaskia River
WaterbodiesGreat Salt Plains Lake
WatershedsSalt Fork Arkansas-Arkansas-

The Salt Fork of the Arkansas River is a 239-mile-long (385 km)[3] tributary of the Arkansas River in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma in the United States. Via the Arkansas River, it is part of the watershed of the Mississippi River.


The Salt Fork near Alva, Oklahoma

The Salt Fork rises in Comanche County, Kansas, and flows initially southeastwardly through Barber County, Kansas, and Woods County, Oklahoma, to the town of Alva, where it turns eastwardly for the remainder of its course through Alfalfa, Grant, Kay and Noble counties in Oklahoma, past the towns of Pond Creek, Lamont and Tonkawa. It flows into the Arkansas River in southern Kay County, 7 miles (11 km) south of Ponca City.

In Alfalfa County, a dam on the river impounds Great Salt Plains Lake, which is lined with salt flats and is the site of Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge and a state park.

The Salt Fork's largest tributaries are the Medicine Lodge River, which joins it in Alfalfa County, and the Chikaskia River, which joins it in Kay County.

Variant names[edit]

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Salt Fork Arkansas River has also been known as:

  • Grand Sabine River
  • Grand Saline River
  • Kai it tu
  • Kits Kait
  • Kiz pahuti hoddi
  • Little Arkansas River
  • Little River
  • Ne Shudse Shunga
  • Nesuketonga River
  • Red Fork Arkansas River
  • Red Fork of Arkansas River
  • Salt Fork
  • Salt Fork Creek
  • Salt Fork of Arkansas River
  • Salt Fork of the Arkansas
  • Salt Fork of the Arkansas River
  • Salt Fork River

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Salt Fork Arkansas River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  2. ^ "Water-Data Report 2013 - 07151000 Salt Fork Arkansas River at Tonkawa, OK" (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed May 31, 2011