List of defunct newspapers of the United States

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This is a list of defunct newspapers of the United States. Only notable names among the thousands of such newspapers are listed, primarily major metropolitan dailies which published for ten years or more.

The list is sorted by distribution and state and labeled with their city of publication if not evident from their name.

National[edit]

Metropolitan and local[edit]

Alabama[edit]

Alaska[edit]

Arizona[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

  • Bridgeport Evening Farmer (1866-1917)[9]
  • Farmington Valley Herald
  • The Hartford Times
  • Manchester Herald
  • The Meriden Journal
  • The New Haven Courier
  • Waterbury Democrat
  • Winsted Evening Citizen

Florida[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

Idaho[edit]

  • Bingham County News (Blackfoot) (1918-1930)[15]
  • Blackfoot Optimist (1907-1918)[16]
  • Camas Prairie Chronicle (Cottonwood) (1901-1917)[17]
  • Idaho Falls Free Press

Illinois[edit]

Indiana[edit]

  • Amateur Reporter (Washington) (1882-1883)[28]
  • The Andrews Signal (1893-1952)[29]
  • Blackford County Democrat (Hartford City) (1857-1861) [30]
  • Blackford County Gazette (Hartford City) (1901-1905)[31]
  • Blackford County News (Hartford City) (1852-1859) [32]
  • Brookville American (1858-1861)[33]
  • Carthage Record (18??-190?)[34]
  • The Colored Visitor (Logansport) (1879-18??)[35]
  • Daily Gazette (Hartford City) (1901-1903) [36]
  • Daily Journal (Hartford City) (1909-1915) [37]
  • The Daily Republican (Seymour) (?-1899)[38]
  • The DePauw Daily (Greencastle) (?-1920)[39]
  • Daily State Sentinel (Indianapolis) (1861-1884)[40]
  • The Disseminator (New Harmony) (1828-1841)[41]
  • Evansville Press
  • Evening News (Hartford City) (1894-1937) [42]
  • Fort Wayne World (1884-1885)[43]
  • The Freeman (Indianapolis) (1884-1927)[44]
  • Gary Tribune/Gary Daily Tribune (1914-1921)[45]
  • Hagerstown Exponent (1876-2004)[46]
  • Hartford City Arena (1891-1895) [47]
  • Hartford City Courier (1873-1875) [48]
  • Hartford City Democrat (1869-1872) [49]
  • Hartford City Press (1892-1894) [50]
  • Hartford City Telegram (1875-1914) [51]
  • Hartford City Times (1852-?) [52]
  • Hartford City Times (1885-1905) [53]
  • Hartford City Union (1861-1871) [54]
  • The Hazleton Herald (1896-?)[55]
  • The Hazleton News (c.1888)[56]
  • The Herald (Lynn) (?-192?)[57]
  • Hoosier Topics (Cloverdale) (19??-????)[58]
  • Indiana Palladium (Lawrenceburg) (1825-1836)[59]
  • Indiana-Posten (South Bend) (1899-?)[60]
  • Indiana State Sentinel (Indianapolis) (1845-1851)[61]
  • Indiana Tribüne (Indianapolis) (1878-1907)[62]
  • Indianapolis Daily Herald (1865-1868)[63]
  • Indianapolis Journal (1867-1904)[64]
  • Indianapolis Leader (1879-1890)[65]
  • Indianapolis Ledger (1912-19??)[66]
  • Indianapolis News
  • Indianapolis Sentinel (1880-1904)[67]
  • Indianapolis Times[68]
  • Indianapolis World (188?-19??)
  • Irvington Review and Irvingtonian (Indianapolis) (1937-1939)[69]
  • Jamestown Tribune (18??-18??)[70]
  • Jasper Weekly Courier (1858-1922)[71]
  • Jedność (Gary) (1975-19??)[72]
  • Kosciusko Co. Standard (Leesburg) (188?-1???)[73]
  • Kurjer (Gary) (1937-????)[74]
  • La Porte Chronicle (1874-1880)[75]
  • Lake City Commercial (Warsaw) (1859-1860)[76]
  • Leesburg Journal (Leesburg) (19??-19??)[77]
  • Leesburg News (1939-1999)[78]
  • Lyons Herald (c.1939)[79]
  • Marshall County Democrat (1855-1859)[80]
  • Marshall County Republican (Plymouth) (1856-1878)[81]
  • Messenger Crier (Crawfordsville) (19??-????)[82]
  • The Microscope and General Advertiser (New Albany) (1824-1825)[83]
  • Muncietown Telegraph (1841-1842)[84]
  • Nasze życie (East Chicago) (1936-19??)[85]
  • The National Republican (Muncie) (1914-1925)[86]
  • New Albany Daily Ledger (1849-1871)[87]
  • New-Harmony Gazette (1825-1828)[88]
  • Newport Hoosier State (1890-1895)[89]
  • News (Hartford City) (1873-1885)[90]
  • Noble County Herald (Albion) (1860-1866)[91]
  • The Paper (Elkhart) (?-2000)[92]
  • Plymouth Banner (1852-1855)[93]
  • Plymouth Democrat (1869-1941)[94]
  • Plymouth Tribune (1901-1911) [95]
  • Randolph County Journal (Winchester) (1855-1862)[96]
  • Register (Hartford City) (1856)[97]
  • Republican (Hartford City) (1895-1896) [98]
  • Richmond Palladium (Richmond) (1831-1837)[99]
  • Rockport Democrat[100]
  • Rockport Journal
  • Rockport Weekly Democrat (1855-?)[101]
  • The Sandborn Herald (Sandborn) (1905-?)[102]
  • Saturday Siftings (Hartford City) (1891–<1894) [103]
  • The Semi-Weekly Dispatch (Winslsow) (?-1904)[104]
  • Shelby Democrat (1???-1947)[105]
  • Smithville News (1908-19??)[106]
  • The Statesman, and Clark County Advertiser (Charlestown) (18??-18??)[107]
  • Terre Haute Advocate (?-197?)[108]
  • Times-Gazette (Hartford City) (1905-1937)[109]
  • Trainman (Indianapolis) (1947-1968)[110]
  • Vincennes Gazette (1830-1844)[111]
  • Wabash Express (Terre Haute) (1841-186?)[112]
  • Walton Enterprise (192?-19??)[113]
  • Weekly Post (Bethlehem) (1892-1???)[114]
  • Winchester Journal (18??-1920)[115]

Iowa[edit]

  • Cerro Gordo County Republican (Mason City) (1893-1906)[116]
  • Cresco Plain Dealer (Cresco) (1913-1945)[117]
  • Decorah Posten
  • Delaware County News (Manchester) (1896-1912)[118]
  • Der Demokrat (Davenport) (186?-1868)[119]
  • Denison Herald
  • Des Moines Tribune
  • Evening Times-Republican (Marshalltown) (1890-1923)[120]
  • Express-Republican (Mason City) (1886-1893)[121]
  • Iowa State Bystander (Des Moines) (1894-1916)[122]
  • Manchester Democrat (1875-1930)[123]
  • Manchester Democrat-Radio (1930-1988)[124]
  • Mason City Express (1870-1886)[125]
  • Ottumwa Tri-Weekly Courier (1903-1916)[126]
  • Political Beacon (Lawrenceburg) (1837-1845)[127]
  • Sioux City Tribune
  • Der tägliche Demokrat (Davenport) (186?-1918)[128]

Kansas[edit]

  • Topeka State Journal (1892-1980)[129]

Kentucky[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

Maine[edit]

Maryland[edit]

See also: List of newspapers in Maryland in the 18th century

  • Weekly Civilian (Cumberland) (1892-1897)[176]
  • Western Maryland Voice of Industrial Labor (Cumberland) (1938-1942)[177]

Massachusetts[edit]

See also: List of newspapers in Massachusetts in the 18th century

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Montana[edit]

Nebraska[edit]

Nevada[edit]

  • Tonopah Daily Bonanza (1906-1929)[227]

New Hampshire[edit]

See also: List of newspapers in New Hampshire in the 18th century

New Jersey[edit]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

See also: List of newspapers in New York in the 18th century

North Carolina[edit]

North Dakota[edit]

  • Bismarck Daily Tribune (1881-1916)[268]
  • Jamestown Weekly Alert (Jamestown) (1882-1925)[269]
  • Neche Chronotype (1897-1928)[270]
  • Northern Express (Drayton) (1881-1883)[271]
  • Pembina County Chronotype-Express (Neche) (1929-1932)[272]
  • Pembina Pioneer (1879-1882)[273]
  • Pioneer Express (Pembina) (1883-1928)[274]
  • Sioux County Arrow (Fort Yates) (1928-1929)[275]
  • Sioux County Pioneer (Fort Yates) (1914-1929)[276]
  • Sioux County Pioneer-Arrow (Fort Yates) (1929-1967)[277]
  • Ward County Independent (Minot) (1902-1965)[278]
  • Washburn Leader (1890-1986)[279]
  • Wilton News (1899-1986)[280]
  • Wing Press (Wing, N.D.) (1951)[281]

Ohio[edit]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oregon[edit]

See List of defunct newspapers in Oregon

Pennsylvania[edit]

See also: List of newspapers in Pennsylvania in the 18th century

  • Adams Centinel (sic) (Gettysburg) (1800-1805 & 1813-1826) [309]
  • Adams County Independent (Littlestown) (189?-1943)[310]
  • Adams County News (Gettysburg) (1908-1917)[311]
  • Advance (Philadelphia) (1887-190?)[312]
  • Advocate (Philadelphia) (1890-?)[313]
  • Advocate (Pittsburgh) (1832-1844)
  • Afro-American (Philadelphia) (1934-1937)[314]
  • Age (Philadelphia) (1866-1874)[315]
  • Agents' Herald (Philadelphia) (1877-1896)[316]
  • Agitator (Wellsborough) (1854-1865)[317]
  • Alexander's Express Messenger (Philadelphia) (1844-1846)[318]
  • All-day City Item (Philadelphia) (1872-1875)[319]
  • Alleghanian (Ebensburg) (1859-1865)[320]
  • Allegheny Mountain Echo and Johnstown Commercial Advertiser and Intelligencer (Johnstown) (1853-1861)[321]
  • Allentown Chronicle and News and Evening Item (1921-1923)[322]
  • Allentown Critic (1884-1889)[323]
  • Allentown Daily Leader (1893-1903)[324]
  • Allentown Evening Item (1915-1921)[325]
  • Allied Mercury: or The Independent Intelligencer (Philadelphia) (1781-1781)[326]
  • Alt Berks, der Stern im Osten (Reading) (1840-1844)[327]
  • Die Alte und Die neue Welt (Philadelphia) (1834-18??)[328]
  • America (Philadelphia) (19??-2013)[329]
  • American Advocate (Philadelphia) (1844-1845)[330]
  • American Eagle and Philadelphia County Democrat (Philadelphia) (1836-????)[331]
  • American Guardian (Philadelphia) (186?-1870)[332]
  • American Patriot (Bellefonte) (1814-1817)[333]
  • American Pioneer, and Fireman's Chronicle (Philadelphia) (1831-1833)[334]
  • American Reformer and Pennsylvania State Temperance Organ (Harrisburg) (184?-18??)[335]
  • American Saturday Courier) (1851-1856)[336]
  • American Weekly Mercury (Philadelphia) (1719-1749)[337]
  • Amerikanischer Correspondent für das In-und Ausland (Philadelphia) (1825-1829)[338]
  • Amerikanischer Republikaner (Pottsville) (1855-1909)[339]
  • Amerikanskij Russkij Sokol Sojedinenija (Homestead) (1926-1936)[340]
  • Amerikansky Russky Viestnik (Scranton) (189?-1952)[341]
  • American Standard (Harrisburg) (1847-18??)[342]
  • Anti-Masonic Star, and Republican Banner (Gettysburg) (1830-1831)[343]
  • Der Anti-Freimaurer, und Lecha Caunty Patriot (Allentown) (1829-1831)[344]
  • Anti-Masonic State Democrat (Harrisburg) (183?-183?)[345]
  • Anthracite Monitor (Tamaqua) (1871-1875)[346]
  • Ashland Advocate (1867-1920)[347]
  • Ashland Daily News (191?-1966)[348]
  • Ashland Record (1872-1909)[349]
  • Arthur's Home Gazette (Philadelphia) (1850-1855)[350]
  • Atkinson's Saturday Evening Post (Philadelphia) (1833-1839)[351]
  • Austin Autograph (1887-1911)[352]
  • Austin Messenger (1916-????)[353]
  • Austin Republican (1898-1906)[354]
  • Avoca Times (1889-1890)[355]
  • Bache's Philadelphia Aurora (1797-1800)[356]
  • Baner America (Scranton) (1868-1877)[357]
  • Banner von Berks, und Wochenblatt der Reading Post (Reading) (1878-1909)[358]
  • Barnesboro Eagle (1917-1924)[359]
  • Barnesborský Orol (Barnesboro) (1914-1920)[360]
  • Barthe's Weekly Star (Plymouth) (1891-1895)[361]
  • Beacon (Philadelphia) (1940-1961)[362]
  • Bellefonte Advertiser (1867-1869)[363]
  • Bellefonte Morning News (1880-19??)[364]
  • Bellefonte National (1868-1870)[365]
  • Bellefonte Republican (1869-1909)[366]
  • Berks and Schuylkill Journal (Reading) (1816-1910)[367]
  • Berks Caunty Adler (Reading) (1826-183?)[368]
  • Berks County Free Press (Reading) (1830-1835)[369]
  • Berks County Press (Reading) (1847-1865)[370]
  • Berks County Record (Reading) (1959-19??)[371]
  • Berks County Reporter (Reading) (1967-19??)[372]
  • Bicknell's Reporter, Counterfeit Detector, and Philadelphia Prices Current (1835-1857)[373]
  • Die Biene (Reading) (1867-1913)[374]
  • Bituminous Record (Philipsburg) (1885-1907)[375]
  • Blade (Scranton) (1888-1892)[376]
  • The Blue Stocking (Harrisburg) (1842-1844)[377]
  • Bomb-Shell (Harrisburg) (1848-18??)[378]
  • Borough Item (Harrisburg) (1852-1854)[379]
  • Bradford Reporter (Towanda) (1844-1884)[380]
  • Bratstvo (Wilkes-Barre) (1944-199?)[381]
  • Call (Schuylkill Haven) (1903-1951)[382]
  • Cambria Dispatch (Portage) (1929-1948)[383]
  • Cambria Freeman (Ebensburg) (1867-1938)[384]
  • Cambria Gazette (Johnstown) (1841-1853)[385]
  • Cambria Herald (Ebensburg) (1871-1898)[386]
  • Cambria Tribune (Johnstown) (1853-1864)[387]
  • Campaigner (Bellefonte) (1867-?)[388]
  • Capitolian (Harrisburg) (1842-18??)[389]
  • Carbondale Advance (18??-1889)[390]
  • Carbondale Advance and Jermyn Advocate (1889-1899)[391]
  • Carbondale Leader (1872-1944)[392]
  • Carbondale Transcript, and Lackawanna Journal (1851-1857)[393]
  • Carbondale Weekly Advance (1861-18??)[394]
  • Carrolltown News (1883-1950)[395]
  • Catholic Record (Scranton) (1887-1890)[396]
  • Der Centre Berichter (Aaronsburg) (1827-1847)[397]
  • Centre Democrat (Bellefonte) (1848-1989)[398]
  • Centre Reporter (Centre Hall) (1871-1940)[399]
  • Century (Gettysburg) (1874-1878)[400]
  • Der Christliche Botschafter (New-Berlin) (1836-1946)[401]
  • Die Christliche Zeitschrift (Gettysburg) (1838-1848)[402]
  • Chronicle, and Harrisburg Advertiser (Harrisburg) (1818-1820)[403]
  • Chronicle of the Times (Reading) (1823-1831)[404]
  • Chronicle, or, Harrisburgh Visitor (Harrisburg) (1813-1818)[405]
  • Church Advocate (Lancaster) (1846-1981)[406]
  • Citizen (Honesdale) (1908-1914)[407]
  • Citizen-Standard (1942-1966)[408]
  • Clearfield Citizen (1878-1885)[409]
  • Clearfield County Times (Curwensville) (1872-1884)[410]
  • Clearfield Democrat (1833-1839)[411]
  • Clearfield Progress (1913-1946)[412]
  • Clearfield Republican (1851-1937)[413]
  • Clearfield Times (1937-1944)[414]
  • Coaldale Observer (Coaldale) (1910-1958)[415]
  • Coalport Standard (1884-1934)[416]
  • Comet (Bellefonte) (1857-18??)[417]
  • Commercial Journal (Pittsburgh)
  • Commonwealth (Pittsburgh)
  • Commonwealth (Harrisburg) (1897-1???)[418]
  • Commonwealth (Tionesta) (1880-1885)[419]
  • Compiler (Gettysburg) (1857-1866)[420]
  • Coudersport Democrat (1898-????)[421]
  • Country Dollar (Clearfield) (1849-1851)[422]
  • Country Mirror and Lackawannian (Scranton) (1845-1847)[423]
  • County Review (Curwensville) (1882-1910)[424]
  • Courier (Harrisburg) (1903-1924)[425]
  • Country Impressions (Sweet Valley) (1965-1974)[426]
  • Country Mirror and Lackawannian (Scranton) (1845-1847)[427]
  • Courier Herald (Wilkes-Barre) (1894-1953)[428]
  • Cresson Gallitzin Mainliner (1975-1999)[429]
  • Cross Fork News (1902-1906)[430]
  • Crystal Fountain and Pennsylvania Temperance Journal (Harrisburg) (1853-1856)[431]
  • Curwensville Herald (1915-1944)[432]
  • Daily American (Harrisburg) (1850-1851)[433]
  • Daily Bulletin (Hazleton) (1879-1893)[434]
  • Daily Chronicle and News (Allentown) (1883-1895)[435]
  • Daily Dawn (Harrisburg) (187?-18??)[436]
  • Daily Democrat (Scranton) (1869-187?)[437]
  • Daily Evening Mercury (Harrisburg) (1873-1874)[438]
  • Daily Intelligencer (Harrisburg) (1841-1847)[439]
  • Daily Legislative Union (Harrisburg) (1854-185?)[440]
  • Daily News (Hazleton) (1870-1875)[441]
  • Daily News-Dealer (Wilkes-Barre) (1889-1894)[442]
  • Daily Public Spirit (Clearfield) (1901-1920)[443]
  • Daily Record of the Times (Wilkes-Barre) (1873-1876)[444]
  • Daily Review (Reading) (1895-1899)[445]
  • Daily Sentinel (Hazleton) (1869-1879)[446]
  • Daily Times (Scranton) (1874-1883)[447]
  • Dauphin Caunty Journal (Harrisburg) (1877-1887)[448]
  • Demokratischer Wächter, Luzerne und Columbia County Anzeiger (Wilkes-Barre) (18??-1909)[449]
  • Deutsch-Amerikanischer Volks-Freund (Wilkes-Barre) (1880-1884)[450]
  • Deutsches Wochenblatt (Abbottstaun [sic]) (1848-18??)[451]
  • Di Idishe Shṭime (Reading) (1922-1929)[452]
  • Diocesan Record (Scranton) (1890-190?)[453]
  • Dollar Weekly News (Scranton) (18??-18??)[454]
  • Draugas (Wilkes-Barre) (1909-1916)[455]
  • The Druid (Scranton) (1907-1914)[456]
  • DuBois Daily Express (1909-1927)[457]
  • DuBois Courier Express (1947-1964)[458]
  • DuBois Weekly Courier (1882-1917)[459]
  • East Berlin News (East Berlin) (1893-1925)[460]
  • East Berlin news and Biglerville News (East Berlin) (1925-1930)[461]
  • East Penn Free Press (Emmaus) (1984-1988)[462]
  • Echo Polskie (Kingston) (1927-19??)[463]
  • Elk Advocate (Ridgway) (186?-1868)[464]
  • Evening Chronicle (Allentown)[465]
  • Evening Express (DuBois) (1892-1909)[466]
  • Evening Gazette (Pittston) (1882-1900)[467]
  • Evening Herald (Shenandoah) (1891-1966)[468]
  • Evening Leader (Wilkes-Barre) (1884-1898)[469]
  • Evening News (Wilkes-Barre) (1909-1939)[470]
  • Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia) (1914-1942)[471]
  • Exeter Echo (1939-1956)[472]
  • Farmers' and Mechanics' Journal (Gettysburg) (1842-18??)[473]
  • Fest-Zeitung (Scranton) (1884-18??)[474]
  • Forest Republican (Tionesta) (1869-1952)[475]
  • Free Lance (State College) (1887-1904)[476]
  • Freeland Progress (1881-1890)[477]
  • Free Patrol (Scranton) (1877-18??)[478]
  • Free Press (Emmaus) (1980-1984)[479]
  • Galeton Dispatch (1896-1903)[480]
  • Galeton Democrat (1903-1909)[481]
  • Garfield Thomas Watertunnel (University Park) (1969)[482]
  • Gazette of the United States, & Philadelphia Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia) (1796-1800)[483]
  • Genesee Times (1899-1902 & 1903-1914)[484]
  • Gettysburg Compiler (Gettysburg) (1866-1961)[485]
  • Gettysburg Star (Gettysburg) (1864-1867)[486]
  • Gettysburg Truth (Gettysburg) (1887-1891)[487]
  • Gleaner (Wilkes-Barre) (1812-1818)[488]
  • Glen Summit Breeze (1893-1902)[489]
  • Górnik (Wilkes-Barre) (192?-194?)[490]
  • Greater Hazleton Mirror (1972-19??)[491]
  • Gwerinwr Cymreig (Scranton) 18??-?)[492]
  • Gwiazda (Philadelphia) (1902-1985)
  • Harrisburg Telegraph (1879-1948)[493]
  • Hazleton Journal (1936-19??)[494]
  • Hazleton Patriot (1975-19??)[495]
  • Hazleton Sentinel (1866-1880)[496]
  • Hazleton Standard-Speaker (1961-1980)[497]
  • Das Hazleton Volksblatt (1872-1906)[498]
  • Herald of the Union (Scranton) (1856-186?)[499]
  • Der Herold (Scranton) (187?-?)[500]
  • The Hershey Chronicle[citation needed]
  • The Hershey News[citation needed]
  • The Hershey Press[citation needed]
  • Highland Patriot (Coudersport) (1854-1858)[501]
  • Honesdale Democrat (1844-1864)[502]
  • Houtzdale Citizen (1900-1934)[503]
  • Houtzdale Citizen and Coalport Standard (1934-1942)[504]
  • Houtzdale Observer (1882-1899)[505]
  • Howard Hustler (1898-1915)[506]
  • Howard Weekly Hornet (1894-1898)[507]
  • Hyde Park Item and Real Estate Journal (Scranton) (1874-18??)[508]
  • Index (Scranton) (1887-1899)[509]
  • Industrial Advocate (Scranton) (1877-1878)[510]
  • Investigator (East-Berlin) (1844-18??)[511]
  • Jednota (Scranton) (1902-1904)[512]
  • Jeffersonian (Littlestown) (1899-190?)[513]
  • Jewish Journal of the Anthracite Region (Wilkes-Barre) (193?-193?)[514]
  • Journal (White Haven) (1900-1981)[515]
  • Keystone Gazette (Bellefonte) (1937-1959)[516]
  • Kingston Times (188?-1???)[517]
  • Lackawanna Herald and American Advocate (Scranton) (185?-?)[518]
  • Lackawanna Intelligencer (Scranton) (1882-1886)[519]
  • Lackawanna Register (Scranton) (1863-186?)
  • La Libera Parola (Philadelphia) (1918-1969)[520]
  • Leader-Courier (Osceola Mills) (1890-1922)[521]
  • Leader-Dispatch (Galeton) (1903-1958)[522]
  • Lebanon Semi-Weekly News[citation needed]
  • Der Lecha Caunty Patriot (Allentown) (1859-1872)[523]
  • Der Lecha Patriot und Northampton Demokrat (Allentown) (1839-1848)[524]
  • Der Liberale Beobachter und Berks, Montgomery und Schuylkill Caunties Allgemeine Anzeiger (Reading) (1839-1864)[525]
  • Light on the Hill (Scranton) (1873-18??)[526]
  • Literary Visitor (Wilkes-Barre) (1813-1815)[527]
  • Littlestown News (1874-1878)[528]
  • Luzerne Federalist and Susquehannah Intelligencer (Wilkes-Barre) (1801-1809)[529]
  • Luzerne Union (Wilkes-Barre) (1853-1879)[530]
  • Marienville Express (1890-1952)[531]
  • McKeesport Daily News[citation needed]
  • Millheim Journal (Millheim) (1876-1984)[532]
  • Il Minatore (Scranton) (1912-1940)[533]
  • Monitor (Clearfield) (1892-1905)[534]
  • Montgomery County Record
  • Mountaineer (Curwensville) (1903-1915)[535]
  • Mountain Times (Bellefonte) (1918-1933)[536]
  • Multum in Parvo, and Plain Talker (Clearfield) (1833-1885)[537]
  • Narodna voli︠a︡ (Scranton) (1910-?)[538]
  • National Gazette and Literary Register (Philadelphia)
  • New Oxford Item (1879-1967)[539]
  • News (Cross Fork) (1897-1902)[540]
  • News Comet (East Berlin) (1930-1952)[541]
  • Oswayo Valley Mail (Shingle House) (1901-1962)[542]
  • Oswayo Valley Record (1900-1902)[543]
  • Palladium (Shinglehouse) (1882-1884)[544]
  • The Patriot (Indiana) (1914-1955)[545]
  • The Patriot (Harrisburg) (1891-1996)[546]
  • Penn State Collegian (State College) (1911-1940)[547]
  • Pennsylvania Chronicle (Philadelphia) (1767-?)
  • The Pennsylvania Journal (Philadelphia) (1742-?)
  • Pennsylvania Mirror (State College) (1968-1977)[548]
  • True American (Philadelphia) (?)
  • Pennsylvania Packet (Philadelphia) (?)
  • Pennsylvanische Staats Zeitung (Harrisburg) (1843-1887)[549]
  • The People (Scranton) (1886-1892)[550]
  • People's Journal (Coudersport) (1850-1857)[551]
  • Petroleum Centre Daily Record (1868-1873)[552]
  • Philadelphia Afro-American (1937-1965)[553]
  • Philadelphia Aurora
  • Philadelphia Bulletin
  • Philadelphia Demokrat
  • Philadelphia Evening Telegraph
  • Philadelphia Journal
  • Philadelphia North American
  • Philadelphia Press (1885-1920)[554]
  • Philadelphia Record
  • Pittsburgh Commercial
  • Pittsburgh Dispatch
  • Pittsburgh Leader
  • Pittsburgh Mercury
  • Pittsburgh Press
  • Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph
  • The Pittsburg Times
  • Pittsburgh Tribune-Review (-2016)
  • Polish American Journal (Scranton) (1948-1972)[555]
  • Potter County journal (Coudersport) (1880-1969)[556]
  • Potter Democrat (Coudersport) (1893-1919)[557]
  • Potter Enterprise (Coudersport) (1950-1987 & 1931-1950)[558]
  • Potter Journal (Coudersport) (1857-1872)[559]
  • Potter Pioneer (Coudersport) (1843-1851)[560]
  • Press (Philadelphia) (1880-1885)[561]
  • Providence Echo (Scranton) (1879-1881)[562]
  • Potter enterprise and the Potter Independent (Coudersport) (1920-1931)[563]
  • Public Ledger (Philadelphia) (1836-1942)
  • Quakertown Free Press[citation needed]
  • La Ragione (Philadelphia) (1917-?)[564]
  • La Rassegna (Philadelphia) (1917-?)[565]
  • Republic (Honesdale) (1864-1868)[566]
  • Republican Compiler (Gettysburg) (1818-1857)[567]
  • Roulette Recorder (1903-1919)[568]
  • Sprig of Liberty (Gettysburg) (1804-1807)[569]
  • Tribune-Republican (Scranton) (1910-1915)[570]
  • Scranton Republican (1877-1910)[571]
  • Scranton Tribune (1891-1910)[572]
  • Scranton Wochenblatt (Scranton) (1865-1918)[573]
  • Sokol Sojedinenija = Sokol Soedynenii︠a︡ (Homestead) (1914-1926)[574]
  • Star (Scranton) (1871-18??)[575]
  • Star and Banner (Gettysburg) (1847-1864)[576]
  • Star and Republican Banner (Gettysburg) (1832-1847)[577]
  • Star-Independent (Harrisburg) (1904-1917)[578]
  • State College Times (1932-1934)
  • Sunbury American (1848-1879)[579]
  • The Sunday Morning News (Scranton) (1878-1901)[580]
  • Sunday News (Wilkes-Barre) (1899-1904)[581]
  • Sunday News Dealer (Wilkes-Barre) (1833-1898)[582]
  • Der Susquehanna Beobachter, und Luzerne und Columbia Caunty Advertiser (Wilkesbarre) (1826-1830)[583]
  • Times (State College) (1898-1932)[584]
  • True Democrat (Wilkes-Barre) (1852-1854)[585]
  • True Republic (Scranton) (1882-1???)[586]
  • Turtle Creek Independent[587]
  • Ulysses Sentinel (1881-1916)[588]
  • Der Vaterlands-Wächter (Harrisburg) (18??-1876)[589]
  • Wage-earner's Journal (Philipsburg) (1885-1907)[590]
  • Wayne Citizen (Honesdale) (1868-1873)[591]
  • Weekly Press (Philadelphia) (1857-1861, 1883-1905)[592]
  • West Oak Lane Beacon (Philadelphia) (1951-1965)[593]
  • West Philadelphia Saturday Star (Philadelphia) (1860-1872)[594]
  • West Philadelphia Times (Philadelphia) (1924-1946)[595]
  • West Side Progress (Scranton) (1884-18??)[596]
  • Whig State Journal (Harrisburg) (1851-1853)[597]
  • Wilkes-Barre Times Leader (1907-1939, 1978-1982)[598]
  • Wilkes-Barre Weekly Times (1894-1904)[599]
  • Workingman (Pottsville) (1873-1876)[600]
  • Wyoming Herald (Wilkes-Barre) (1818-1835)[601]
  • Wyoming Observer (1967-1970)[602]
  • Wyoming Republican (Kingston) (1832-1835)[603]
  • Wyoming Valley Observer (1970-1979)[604]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

  • Providence Evening Bulletin (1863-1995)

See also: List of newspapers in Rhode Island in the 18th century

South Carolina[edit]

South Dakota[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

Utah[edit]

  • The Broad Ax (Salt Lake City) (1895-19??)[628]
  • Intermountain Catholic (Salt Lake City) (1899-1920)[629]
  • Iron County Record (Cedar City) (1893-1982)[630]
  • Salt Lake Herald (1870-1909)[631]
  • Salt Lake Telegram (1915-1952)[632]
  • Topaz Times (1942-1945)[633]
  • Truth (Salt Lake City) (1901-1908)[634]

Vermont[edit]

Virginia[edit]

See also: List of newspapers in Virginia in the 18th century

Washington[edit]

Washington, DC[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 3411: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  2. ^ "About Alabama journal. volume (Montgomery, Ala.) 1940-1993". Library of Congress. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  3. ^ "About Chattanooga daily rebel. (Selma, Ala.) 1865-1865". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "About The argus. (Holbrook, Ariz.) 1895-1900". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Bisbee daily review. (Bisbee, Ariz.) 1901-1971". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  6. ^ "About El fronterizo. volume (Tucson, Ariz.) 1878-193?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "About St. Johns herald and Apache news. volume (St. Johns, Apache Co., Ariz.) 1905-1917". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  8. ^ "About Cherry Creek pioneer. (Denver City, Kan. [i.e. Denver, Colo.]) 1859-1859". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "About The Bridgeport evening farmer. (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1866-1917". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  10. ^ "About The Clearwater Sun". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "About Hawaii holomua. (Honolulu) 1891-1895". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  12. ^ "About Hilo tribune. (Hilo, Hawaii) 1895-1917". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  13. ^ "About The Pacific commercial advertiser. (Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands) 1856-1888". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "About Polynesian. (Honolulu [Oahu], Hawaii) 1844-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  15. ^ "About The Bingham County news. (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1918-1930". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "About The Blackfoot optimist. (Blackfoot, Idaho) 1907-1918". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  17. ^ "Camas Prairie chronicle. (Cottonwood, Idaho) 1901-1917". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  18. ^ "The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  19. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 2310: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  20. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 2324: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  21. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 2273: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  22. ^ "About Dziennik narodowy. (Chicago, Ill.) 1899-1923". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  23. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 1600: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  24. ^ "About Idisher ḳuryer : the daily Jewish courier. (Chicago, Ill.) 1887-194?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  25. ^ "About Telegraf. (Chicago, Ill.) 1892-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "About Vorbote. (Chicago, Ill.) 1874-1924". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  27. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 1600: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  28. ^ "Amateur reporter. (Washington, Ind.) 1882-1883". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  29. ^ "About The Andrews signal. (Andrews, Ind.) 1893-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  30. ^ Also called the Democrat. Published by William McCormack and Samuel McCormack. Shut down when Civil War began so owners could join the Union Army. See also Miller, p. 22.
  31. ^ Started by Henry Geisler and Rolland B. Hubbard on August 3, 1901, as a Republican Party supporter. Included a column in French language to attract the city’s Belgian glassworkers. Eventually combined with the Daily Gazette. Additional source: Miller, p. 22.
  32. ^ Started by E.B. Chamness in 1852, and sold two years later to A.D. Hook. Sold to John Bromagon who sold to J.D. Chipman. Chipman folded newspaper in 1859. One source considers Blackford County News to be the first newspaper in the county, possibly considering the Hartford City Times to be an advertiser and not a newspaper. Additional sources: John Miller's Indiana Newspaper Bibliography, p. 22; and Biographical and historical record of Jay and Blackford Counties..., p. 735.
  33. ^ "About Brookville American. (Brookville, Ind.) 1858-1861". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  34. ^ "About Carthage record. (Carthage, Ind.) 18??-190?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  35. ^ "About The colored visitor. online resource (Logansport, Ind.) 1879-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  36. ^ Began by Henry Geisler and Rolland B. Hubbard on November 18, 1901 as a daily version of the Blackford County Gazette. Additional source: Miller, p. 22.
  37. ^ Started by George R. Dale as a Republican newspaper. Purchased in 1910 by a company led by Charles Reeves that used the publication as a vehicle to promote his candidacy for congress. Dale reacquired paper in 1911 making it independent and anti-liquor. Ceased operations when Dale moved away from town.
  38. ^ "About The daily Republican. (Seymour, Ind.) 18??-1899". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  39. ^ "About The DePauw daily. (Greencastle, Ind.) 1???- 1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017.  line feed character in |title= at position 50 (help)
  40. ^ "About Daily State sentinel. online resource (None) 1861-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  41. ^ "About The disseminator. online resource (New Harmony, Ind.) 1828-1841". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  42. ^ Began in 1894 by Edward Everett Cox. (Other sources say February 1893 or 1892 was the first publish date.) Originally an independent newspaper, it became Hartford City’s voice of the Democratic Party. Eventually became managed by Herbert E. Honey and James Chapman. Cox again became part of management around 1915, and was succeeded by Chapman in 1924, as Cox moved to editor. Nelson C. Townsend was editor in the late 1920s and early 1930s. Cox family sold to Ralph Monfort and Herbert Honey in 1937, causing the Hartford City News to be merged with the Times-Gazette into the Hartford City News-Times. The News-Times is the current (2009) newspaper in Hartford City. N-T The American Newspaper Directory for March 1900 lists the start year for the Evening News as 1894.Directory
  43. ^ "About The Fort Wayne World. (Fort Wayne, Ind.) 1885-1885". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  44. ^ "About The freeman. online resource (Indianapolis [Ind.]) 1884-1927". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  45. ^ "About Gary tribune. (Gary, Ind.) 1914-1918". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  46. ^ "About Hagerstown exponent. (Hagerstown, Ind.) 1876-2004". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  47. ^ Founded by William Noonan, who was head of Blackford County’s Socialist Party. The paper was bill as Populist, and was the official organ of the Farmer’s Mutual Benefit Association.
  48. ^ Started by Richard G. Steele and James E. Williamson. Sold two years later and moved to Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  49. ^ Started by Charles F. Jackson, and sold to John M. Ruckman in 1872. Renamed News in 1873. See also Miller, p.22.
  50. ^ Started by M. Frash and son, sold a year later to George Dale and Charles Wigmore, ceased operations a year later.
  51. ^ Democratic Party weekly started by Charles U. Timmonds. Sold to Benjamin A. Van Winkle in 1883. Sold to Thomas S. and Samuel M. Briscoe in 1885. Sold to Edward E. Cox in 1891. Eventually folded into Hartford City News.
  52. ^ The Hartford City Times was mostly an advertiser printed by Dr. John E. Moler. Mr. Moler used a wooden press, and he had the capacity to print 1,000 papers per day (although the entire community numbered less than 400 people).
  53. ^ Not related to the 1852 Hartford City Times. Began as a weekly Republican Party newspaper published by Elwood Huffman and Frank Geisler. Sold to Enoch De Soto Moffett in 1888. Sold to Archie W. Tracy in 1895. Tracy purchased and absorbed Republican in 1896. A daily version of the Hartford City Times was started in 1896 with Archie Tracy as editor. Hartford City Times was purchased by Henry Geisler and Rolland B. Hubbard in 1902. Hubbard eventually sold his interest to Geisler. Merged with Blackford County Gazette to become the Times-Gazette in 1905. As second source lists the start date as 1884. See also Hartford City Illustrated, p. 10.
  54. ^ Started by James W. Ruckman, and sold to John M. Ruckman in 1864. See also Biographical and historical record of Jay and Blackford Counties..., p. 735.
  55. ^ "About The Hazleton herald. (Hazleton, Gibson County, Ind.) 1896-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  56. ^ "About The Hazleton news. (Hazleton, Ind.) 1888-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  57. ^ "About The herald. (Lynn, Randolph County, Ind.) 1???-192?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  58. ^ "About The Hoosier topics. (Cloverdale, Ind.) 19??-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  59. ^ "About Indiana palladium. (Lawrenceburg [Ind.]) 1825-1836". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  60. ^ "About Indiana-posten. (South Bend, Ind.) 1899-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  61. ^ "About Indiana State sentinel. online resource (None) 1845-1851". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  62. ^ "About Indiana tribüne. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 1878-1907". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  63. ^ "About The Indianapolis daily herald. online resource (None) 1865-1868". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  64. ^ "About The Indianapolis journal. online resource (None) 1867-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  65. ^ "About The Indianapolis leader. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 1879-1890". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  66. ^ "About The Indianapolis ledger. online resource (Indianapolis, Ind.) 1912-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  67. ^ "About The Indianapolis sentinel. online resource (None) 1880-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  68. ^ "About The Indianapolis world. online resource (Indianapolis, Ind.) 188?-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  69. ^ "About The Irvington review and Irvingtonian. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 1937-1939". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  70. ^ "About Jamestown tribune. (Jamestown, Ind.) 18??-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  71. ^ "About The Jasper weekly courier. online resource (Jasper, Indiana) 1858-1922". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  72. ^ "About Jedność. volume (Gary, Ind.) 1975-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  73. ^ "About Kosciusko Co. standard. (Leesburg, Ind.) 188?-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  74. ^ "About Kurjer. (Gary, Ind.) 1937-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  75. ^ "About The La Porte chronicle. (La Porte, Ind.) 1874-1880". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  76. ^ "About Lake City commercial. (Warsaw, Ind.) 1859-1860". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  77. ^ "About The Leesburg journal. (Leesburg, Ind.) 19??-19??". Librry of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  78. ^ "About The Leesburg news. (Leesburg, Ind.) 1939-1999". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  79. ^ "About The Lyons herald. (Lyons, Ind.) 19??-????". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  80. ^ "About Marshall County Democrat. online resource (None) 1855-1859". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  81. ^ "About Marshall County Republican. online resource (None) 1856-1878". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  82. ^ "About Messenger crier. (Crawfordsville, IN) 19??-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  83. ^ "About The Microscope and general advertiser. online resource (New Albany, Ind.) 1824-1825". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  84. ^ "About Muncietown telegraph. (Muncietown, Ind.) 1841-1842". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  85. ^ "About Nasze życie = Our life. (East Chicago, Ind.) 1936-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  86. ^ "About The National Republican [microform]. (Muncie, Ind.) 1914-1925". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  87. ^ "About The New Albany daily ledger [microform]. (New Albany, Ind.) 1849-1871". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  88. ^ "About The New-Harmony gazette. online resource (New-Harmony, Ind.) 1825-1828". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  89. ^ "About The Newport Hoosier state. (Newport, Ind.) 1890-1895". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  90. ^ John M. Ruckman’s successor to Hartford City Democrat that became a Republican newspaper. Ceased operations on January 1, 1885.
  91. ^ "About Noble County herald. (Albion, Ind.) 1860-1866". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  92. ^ "About The paper. (Elkhart, Ind.) 19??-2000". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  93. ^ "About Plymouth banner. online resource (None) 1852-1855". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  94. ^ "About The Plymouth Democrat. online resource (None) 1869-1941". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  95. ^ "The Plymouth tribune. online resource (None) 1901-1911". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  96. ^ "About Randolph County journal. online resource (None) 1855-1862". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  97. ^ Established by E.B. Chamness. A.B. Hook was editor. A "small paper of liberal principles" that did not last long. See also Miller, p. 23.
  98. ^ Frank and Henry Geisler purchased the Hartford City Arena and renamed it. Daily and weekly editions. Absorbed by Hartford City Times
  99. ^ "About Richmond palladium. (Richmond, Wayne County, Ind.) 1831-1837". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  100. ^ The Rockport Democrat and the Rockport Journal merged to form the Spencer County Journal-Democrat
  101. ^ Founded 1855. Predecessor of the Rockport Democrat.
  102. ^ "About The Sandborn herald. (Sandborn, Ind.) 1905-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  103. ^ Started by Frank Geisler, and ceased operations before 1895.
  104. ^ "About The semi-weekly dispatch. (Winslsow, Ind.) 1???-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  105. ^ "About Shelby Democrat. (Shelbyville, Ind.) 1???-1947". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  106. ^ "About The Smithville news. (Smithville, Indiana) 1908-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  107. ^ "About The statesman, and Clark County advertiser. (Charlestown, Ind.) 18??-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  108. ^ "About Terre Haute advocate. (Terre Haute, Ind.) 19??-197?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  109. ^ Weekly created by a merger of the Hartford City Times and Blackford County Gazette, and managed by Henry Geisler and Rolland B. Hubbard. Ralph Monfort was editor.
  110. ^ "About Trainman news. (Indianapolis, Ind.) 1947-1968". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  111. ^ "About Vincennes gazette. (Vincennes, Ind.) 1830-1836". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  112. ^ "About Wabash express. online resource (None) 1841-186?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  113. ^ "About The Walton enterprise. (Walton, Cass County, Ind.) 192?-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  114. ^ "About The weekly post. (Bethlehem, Ind.) 1892-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  115. ^ "About The Winchester journal. online resource (None) 18??-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  116. ^ "About Cerro Gordo County Republican. (Mason City, Iowa) 1893-1906". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  117. ^ "About Cresco plain dealer. (Cresco, Howard County, Iowa) 1913-1945". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  118. ^ "About Delaware County news. (Manchester, Iowa) 1896-1912". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  119. ^ "About Der Demokrat. (Davenport, Iowa) 186?-1868". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  120. ^ "About Evening times-Republican. (Marshalltown, Iowa) 1890-1923". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  121. ^ "About The Express-Republican. (Mason City, Iowa) 1886-1893". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  122. ^ "About Iowa state bystander. (Des Moines, Iowa) 1894-1916". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  123. ^ "About Manchester Democrat. (Manchester, Iowa) 1875-1930". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  124. ^ "About The Manchester Democrat-radio. (Manchester, Iowa) 1930-1988". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  125. ^ "About Mason City express. (Mason City, Iowa) 1870-1886". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  126. ^ "About Ottumwa tri-weekly courier. (Ottumwa, Iowa) 1903-1916". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  127. ^ "About The political beacon. (Lawrenceburg, IA [i.e. Ind.]) 1837-1845". Library of Congress. Retrieved 13 May 2017. 
  128. ^ "About Der tägliche Demokrat. volume (Davenport, Iowa) 186?-1918". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  129. ^ "The Topeka state journal. (Topeka, Kan.) 1892-1980". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  130. ^ "Big Sandy news. (Louisa, KY) 1885-1929". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  131. ^ "Hartford republican. (Hartford, KY) 18??-1926". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  132. ^ Lexington Herald-Leader (February 14, 1987), New Orleans-Style 'Funeral' Marks Passing of The Louisville Times, Lexington, KY: Lexington Herald-Leader, p. A7 BUSINESS 
  133. ^ "About The Avoyelles pelican. volume (Marksville [La.]) 1859-186?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  134. ^ "About Baton-Rouge gazette. volume (Baton-Rouge, La.) 1819-1856". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  135. ^ "Was Called Conscience of Mississippi, Dies at 94". New York Times. 29 March 2017. 
  136. ^ "About Gazette and sentinel. volume (Plaquemine, Parish of Iberville, La.) 1858-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  137. ^ "About The Houma courier. (Houma, La.) 1878-1939". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  138. ^ "About The Lafayette advertiser. (Vermilionville [i.e. Lafayette], La.) 1865-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  139. ^ "About The Louisiana cotton-boll. volume (Vermilionville [i.e. Lafayette], Attakapas, La.) 1872-1883". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  140. ^ "About Le Louisianais. volume (Convent, La.) 1865-1883". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  141. ^ "About Lower coast gazette. (Pointe-a-la-Hache, La.) 1909-1925". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  142. ^ "About The Lumberjack. volume (Alexandria, La.) 1913-1913". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  143. ^ "About The Meridional. (Abbeville, La.) 1856-1906". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  144. ^ "About Le Meschacébé. ([Lucy] La.) 1853-1942". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  145. ^ "About Le messager. volume (Bringier, Paroisse Saint-Jacques, Louisiane) 1846-1860". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  146. ^ "About Natchitoches union. volume ([Natchitoches, La.]) 1859-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  147. ^ "About New Iberia enterprise. (New Iberia, La.) 1885-1902". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  148. ^ "About The Opelousas courier. (Opelousas, La.) 1852-1910". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  149. ^ "About The Opelousas journal. volume (Opelousas, La.) 1868-1878". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  150. ^ "About The Opelousas patriot. volume (Opelousas, Parish of St. Landry, La.) 1855-1863". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  151. ^ "About El Pelayo. (Nueva-Orleans [i.e. New Orleans, La.) 1851-1852". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  152. ^ "About Pioneer of Assumption. (Napoleonville [La.]) 185?-1895". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  153. ^ "About The Planters' banner. (Franklin, Attakapas Co., Lou.) 1849-1872". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  154. ^ "About Pointe Coupee Democrat. volume (False River [i.e. New Roads], Parish of Pointe Coupee [La.]) 1858-1862". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  155. ^ "About La sentinelle de Thibodaux. volume (Thibodaux, La.) 1861-1866". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  156. ^ "About The Voice of the people. volume (New Orleans, La.) 1913-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  157. ^ "About The weekly Louisianian. volume (New Orleans, La.) 1872-1882". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  158. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  159. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  160. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  161. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  162. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  163. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  164. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  165. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  166. ^ "About Der Deutsche correspondent. (Baltimore, Md.) 1841-1918". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  167. ^ "About The Elkton press. (Elkton, Md.) 1823-183?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  168. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  169. ^ "About The Maryland herald, and Elizabeth-Town advertiser. (Elizabeth-Town [i.e., Hagerstown, Md.]) 1797-1801". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  170. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  171. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  172. ^ "About The Washington spy. (Elizabeth-(Hager's)Town [Md.]) 1790-1797". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  173. ^ "About The Washington spy. (Elizabeth-(Hager's)Town [Md.]) 1790-1797". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  174. ^ "About The Washington spy. (Elizabeth-(Hager's)Town [Md.]) 1790-1797". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  175. ^ "About The Washington spy. (Elizabeth-(Hager's)Town [Md.]) 1790-1797". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  176. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  177. ^ "Maryland County Newspapers on Microfilm - Listed by County". Enoch Pratt Free Library. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  178. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 4364: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  179. ^ Holzer, Harold (February 2015). President Lincoln Assassinated. 445: Library of America. ISBN 1598533738. 
  180. ^ "Plymouth Rock and County Advertiser". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  181. ^ "About Detroiter Abend-Post. (Detroit [Mich.]) 18??-19??". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  182. ^ "About The Appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn. ;) 1889-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  183. ^ "Bemidji daily pioneer. (Bemidji, Minn.) 1904-1971". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  184. ^ "About Echo de l'ouest. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1883-1929". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  185. ^ "bout Der fortschritt. (New Ulm, Minn.) 1891-1915". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  186. ^ "About Katolik. (Winona, Minn.) 1893-1895". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  187. ^ "About New Ulm Post. volume (New-Ulm, Brown County, Minn.) 1864-1933". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  188. ^ "About Der Nordstern. (St. Cloud, Minn.) 1874-1931". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  189. ^ "The Progress. (White Earth, Minn.) 1886-1889". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  190. ^ "About Minnesota Staats-Zeitung. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1858-1877". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  191. ^ "The Tomahawk. (White Earth, Becker County, Minn.) 1903-192?". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  192. ^ "About Vinland. (Minneota, Minn.) 1902-1908". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  193. ^ "About Western appeal. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1885-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  194. ^ "About Wiarus. (Winona, Minn.) 1895-1919". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  195. ^ "Was Called Conscience of Mississippi, Dies at 94". New York Times. 29 March 2017. 
  196. ^ "About Die Gasconade zeitung. (Hermann, Mo.) 1873-187?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  197. ^ "About Hermanner Volksblatt u. Gasconade Zeitung. (Hermann, Mo.) 1872-1873". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  198. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 2677: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  199. ^ "About Osage County Volksblatt. (Westphalia, Mo.) 1896-1917". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  200. ^ "The Daily Missoulian. (Missoula, Mont.) 1904-1961". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  201. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Alliance herald". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  202. ^ "About Bellevue gazette. (Bellevue City, N.T. [i.e. Neb.]) 1856-1858". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  203. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Capital City Courier". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  204. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Cherry County independent". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  205. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Columbus Journal". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  206. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Commoner". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  207. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Conservative". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  208. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Courier". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  209. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Custer County Republican". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  210. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Dakota City herald". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  211. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Falls City Tribune". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  212. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Heperian Student". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  213. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The McCook Tribune". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  214. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About McCook weekly tribune". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  215. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Nebraska Advertiser". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  216. ^ "Publishing History of Newspapers in Nebraska". University of Nebraska. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  217. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Norfolk Weekly News-Journal". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  218. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Norfolk weekly news". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  219. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The North Platte Semi-Weekly Tribune". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  220. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The North Platte Tribune". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  221. ^ "About Ozvěna západu [microform]. (Clarkson, Neb.) 1913-19??". University of Nebraska. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  222. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Red Cloud Chief". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  223. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Saturday Morning courier". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  224. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Sunday Morning Courier". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  225. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About Valentine Democrat". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  226. ^ Katherine, Walter. "About The Valentine Democrat". Nebraska Newspapers. University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  227. ^ "About Tonopah daily bonanza. (Tonopah, Nev.) 1906-1929". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  228. ^ Fox, Musetto (10 June 2015). "vincent musetoo, 74 Dies; Wrote 'Headless' Headline of Ageless Fame". New York Times. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  229. ^ Hyman, Vicki (9 April 2015). "N.J.'s most notorious murders". NJ .com. Retrieved 6 July 2015. 
  230. ^ "About The Alamogordo news. (Alamogordo, N.M.) 1899-1912". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  231. ^ "About The Carlsbad current. (Carlsbad, N.M.) 1908-1926". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  232. ^ "About Carrizozo outlook. (Carrizozo, N.M.) 1910-1945". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  233. ^ "About The chieftain. (Socorro, N.M.) 1890-1901". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  234. ^ "About The Cimarron news and Cimarron citizen. (Cimarron, Colfax County, N.M.) 19??-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  235. ^ "About The Clayton citizen. volume (Clayton, Union County, N.M.) 1906-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  236. ^ "About Estancia news-herald. volume (Estancia, Torrance County, N.M.) 1912-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  237. ^ "About The Estancia news. volume (Estancia, Torrance County, N.M.) 1904-1912". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  238. ^ "The evening herald. (Albuquerque, N.M.) 1914-1922". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  239. ^ "About El farol. (Capitan, Condado de Lincoln, Nuevo México) 1905-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  240. ^ "About El Hispano-americano. (Belen, Nuevo México) 19??-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  241. ^ "About El independiente. (Las Vegas, Nuevo México) 1894-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  242. ^ "About The Lincoln County leader. volume (White Oaks, Lincoln County, N.M.) 1882-189?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  243. ^ "About The Mesilla Valley independent. volume (Mesilla, N.M.) 1877-1879". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  244. ^ "About The morning news. (Estancia, N.M.) 1911-1912". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  245. ^ "About Las Nuevas de la Estancia. (Estancia, Nuevo Méjico) 1904-1908". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  246. ^ "About El Nuevo mexicano. (Santa Fe, N.M.) 1890-1958". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  247. ^ "About La Revista de Taos and the Taos cresset. volume (Taos, Nuevo México) 1905-1905". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  248. ^ "About La revista de Taos. volume (Taos, Nuevo México) 1905-1922". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  249. ^ "About Santa Fe gazette. volume (Santa Fe, N.M.) 1859-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  250. ^ "About Santa Fe new Mexican. volume (Santa Fe, N.M.) 1898-1951". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  251. ^ "About The Spanish American. volume (Roy, Mora Co., N.M.) 19??-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  252. ^ "About Western liberal. (Lordsburg, N.M.) 1887-1919". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  253. ^ "Jewish Press Co-Founder Dies At 105". Voz Iz Neias?. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  254. ^ "Jewish Press Co-Founder Dies At 105". Voz Iz Neias?. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  255. ^ Dunn, Edward T. "William James Conners, Sr". History of Buffalo. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  256. ^ "About Dziennik dla wszystkich = Polish everybody's daily. volume (Buffalo, N.Y.) 1907-1957". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  257. ^ "About Elmira evening news. (Elmira, N.Y.) 1894-1907". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  258. ^ "About Elmira gazette and free press. (Elmira, N.Y.) 1885-1907". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  259. ^ "About Elmira star-gazette. (Elmira, N.Y.) 1907-1963". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  260. ^ "About Elmira telegram. (Elmira, N.Y.) 1888-192?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  261. ^ "About The evening news. (Newburgh, N.Y.) 1961-1990". Library of Congress. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  262. ^ Krajicek, David J. (9 April 2016). "Maniac PBA president murders Long Beach mayor: 'Take me to the stationhouse'". New York Daily News. Retrieved 10 April 2016. 
  263. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 4623: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  264. ^ "About New-York tribune. (New York [N.Y.]) 1866-1924". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  265. ^ Keller, Bill (18 September 2016). "A Victory for Press Freedom in 1735 Set an Important Precedent". New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2016. 
  266. ^ "The Saturday Globe". Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  267. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 9195: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  268. ^ "About Bismarck daily tribune. (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  269. ^ "About Jamestown weekly alert. volume (Jamestown, Stutsman County, D.T. [N.D.]) 1882-1925". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  270. ^ "About Neche chronotype. (Neche, N.D.) 1897-1928". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  271. ^ "About The northern express. (Drayton, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1883". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  272. ^ "About Pembina County chronotype-express. (Neche, Pembina County, N.D.) 1929-1932". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  273. ^ "About The Pembina pioneer. (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1879-1882". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  274. ^ "About The pioneer express. (Pembina, Dakota [N.D.]) 1883-1928". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  275. ^ "About The Sioux County arrow. (Fort Yates, N.D.) 1928-1929". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  276. ^ "About Sioux County Pioneer". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  277. ^ "About The Sioux County pioneer-arrow. (Fort Yates, N.D.) 1929-1967". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  278. ^ "About The Ward County independent. (Minot, Ward County, N.D.) 1902-1965". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  279. ^ "About The Washburn leader. (Washburn, McLean County, N.D.) 1890-1986". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  280. ^ "About The Wilton news. (Wilton, N.D.) 1899-1986". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  281. ^ "About The Wing press. (Wing, N.D.) 1951-1951". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  282. ^ "Celina Democrat. (Celina, O. [Ohio]) 1895-1921". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  283. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 1988: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  284. ^ http://www.univdistcol.com/CStr.html
  285. ^ "Tägliches Cincinnati Volksblatt". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  286. ^ "About The Toledo commercial. (Toledo, Ohio) 1892-1900". Library of Congress. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  287. ^ "About The Toledo times. (Toledo, Ohio) 1900-1926". Library of Congress. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  288. ^ "About The Branding iron. (Atoka, I.T. [Okla.]) 1884-1884". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  289. ^ "Cheyenne transporter. (Darlington, Indian Terr.) 1879-1886". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  290. ^ "daily chieftain. (Vinita, Ind. Ter. [Okla.]) 1898-1902". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  291. ^ "About The Indian advocate. ([Sacred Heart, Okla.]) 1???-1910". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  292. ^ "About The daily chieftain. (Vinita, Ind. Ter. [Okla.]) 1898-1902". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  293. ^ "About Albany daily democrat. (Albany, Or.) 1888-192?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  294. ^ "About The Albany herald. (Albany, Or.) 1879-188?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  295. ^ "About The Brownsville times. (Brownsville, Or.) 1889-1960". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  296. ^ "About The Bulletin. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1964-1970". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  297. ^ "About The Commonwealth. (Harrisburg, Linn County, Or.) 191?-1916". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  298. ^ "About Daily Grants Pass courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1931-1934". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  299. ^ "About Grants Pass bulletin. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1927-1949". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  300. ^ "About Greater Oregon. (Halsey, Or.) 1929-1978". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  301. ^ "About Halsey enterprise. (Halsey, Or.) 1927-1929". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  302. ^ "About Halsey journal. (Halsey, Linn County, Or.) 1932-1938". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  303. ^ "About Halsey review. (Halsey, Linn County, Or.) 1938-1963". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  304. ^ "About The Oregon observer. (Grants Pass, Or.) 18??-1927". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  305. ^ "About Rogue River courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1886-1927". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  306. ^ "Rogue River courier. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1886-1927". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  307. ^ "About Southern Oregon spokesman. (Grants Pass, Or.) 1924-1927". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  308. ^ "About Toveritar. (Astoria, Or.) 19??-1930". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  309. ^ "About The Adams centinel. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1800-1805". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  310. ^ "About Adams County independent. (Littlestown, Pa.) 189?-1943". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  311. ^ "About Adams County news. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1908-1917". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  312. ^ "About The advance. (Manayunk [Philadelphia, Pa.]) 1887-190?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  313. ^ "About The Advocate. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1890-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  314. ^ "About The Afro-American. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1934-1937". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  315. ^ "The age. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1866-1874". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  316. ^ "About The Agents' herald. (Philadelphia [Pa.) 1877-1896". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  317. ^ "About The agitator. (Wellsborough, Tioga County, Pa.) 1854-1865". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  318. ^ "About Alexander's express messenger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1844-1846". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  319. ^ "About The All-day city item. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1872-1875". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  320. ^ "About The Alleghanian. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1859-1865". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  321. ^ "About The Allegheny Mountain echo, and Johnstown commercial advertiser and intelligencer. (Johnstown, Pa.) 1853-1861". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  322. ^ "About Allentown chronicle and news and evening item. (Allentown, Pa.) 1921-1923". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  323. ^ "About The Allentown critic. (Allentown, Pa.) 1884-1889". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  324. ^ "About The Allentown daily leader. (Allentown [Pa.]) 1893-1903". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  325. ^ "About Allentown evening item. (Allentown, Pa.) 1915-1921". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  326. ^ "About The Allied Mercury: or The independent intelligencer. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1781-1781". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  327. ^ "About Alt Berks, der Stern im Osten. volume (Reading, Pa.) 1840-1844". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  328. ^ "About Die alte und die neue Welt. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1834-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  329. ^ "About America : the official newspaper of the Providence Association of Ukrainian Catholics in America. online resource (None) 19??-2013". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  330. ^ "About The American advocate. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1844-1845". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  331. ^ "About The American eagle and Philadelphia County democrat. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1836-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  332. ^ "About The American guardian. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 186?-1870". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  333. ^ "About American patriot. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1814-1817". Library of congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  334. ^ "About The American pioneer, and fireman's chronicle. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1831-1833". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  335. ^ "About The American reformer and Pennsylvania State temperance organ. (Harrisburg [Pa.) 184?-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  336. ^ "About American Saturday courier. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1851-1856". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  337. ^ "About The American weekly mercury. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1719-1749". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  338. ^ "About Amerikanischer Correspondent für das In-und Ausland. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1825-1829". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  339. ^ "About Amerikanischer Republikaner. volume (Pottsville, Pa.) 1855-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  340. ^ "About Amerikanskij russkij sokol Sojedinenija = American Russian Falcon = Amerykanskiĭ russkiĭ sokol Soedynenii︠a︡. volume (Homestead, Pa.) 1926-1936". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  341. ^ "About Amerikansky russky viestnik. (Scranton, Pa.) 189?-1952". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  342. ^ "About American standard. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1847-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  343. ^ "About Anti-Masonic star, and Republican banner. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1830-1831". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  344. ^ "About Der Anti=freimaurer, und Lecha Caunty patriot. (Allentown, Penns.) 1829-1831". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  345. ^ "About Anti-Masonic state Democrat. (Harrisburg [Pa.]) 183?-183?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  346. ^ "About The Anthracite monitor. (Tamaqua, Pa.) 1871-1875". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  347. ^ "About The Ashland advocate. (Ashland, Pa.) 1867-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  348. ^ "About The Ashland daily news. (Ashland, Pa.) 191?-1966". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  349. ^ "About Ashland record. (Ashland [Pa.]) 1872-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  350. ^ "About Arthur's home gazette. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1850-1855". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  351. ^ "About Atkinson's Saturday evening post. volume (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1833-1839". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  352. ^ "About Austin autograph. (Austin, Pa.) 1887-1911". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  353. ^ "About The Austin messenger. (Austin, Pa.) 1916-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  354. ^ "About The Austin republican. (Austin, Pa.) 1898-1906". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  355. ^ "About The Avoca times. (Avoca, Luzerne Co., Pa.) 1889-1890". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  356. ^ "About Bache's Philadelphia aurora. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1797-1800". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  357. ^ "About Baner America. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 1868-1877". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  358. ^ "About Banner von Berks, und Wochenblatt der Reading Post. volume (Reading, Pa.) 1878-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  359. ^ "About The Barnesboro eagle. (Barnesboro, Cambria Co., Pa.) 1917-1924". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  360. ^ "About Barnesborský orol = The Barnesboro eagle. (Barnesboro, Pa.) 1914-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  361. ^ "About Barthe's weekly star. (Plymouth, Pa.) 1891-1895". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  362. ^ "About The Beacon. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1940-1961". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  363. ^ "About Bellefonte advertiser. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1867-1869". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  364. ^ "About Bellefonte morning news. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1880-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  365. ^ "About The Bellefonte national. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1868-1870". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  366. ^ "About The Bellefonte Republican. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1869-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  367. ^ "About The Berks and Schuylkill journal. (Reading, Pa.) 1816-1910". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  368. ^ "About Berks Caunty Adler. (Reading, Pa.) 1826-183?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  369. ^ "About Berks County free press. (Reading, Pa.) 1830-1835". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  370. ^ "About Berks County press. (Reading, Pa.) 1847-1865". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  371. ^ "About Berks County record. (Reading, Pa.) 1959-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  372. ^ "About Berks County reporter. (Reading, Pa.) 1967-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  373. ^ "About Bicknell's reporter, counterfeit detector, and Philadelphia prices current. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1835-1857". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  374. ^ "About Die Biene. (Reading [Pa.) 1867-1913". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  375. ^ "About The Bituminous record. (Philipsburg, Pa.) 1885-1907". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  376. ^ "About The blade. (Scranton, Pa.) 1888-1892". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  377. ^ "About The Blue stocking. (Harrisburg [Pa.) 1842-1844". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  378. ^ "About The Bomb-shell. (Harrisburg [Pa.]) 1848-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  379. ^ "About The Borough item. (Harrisburg [Pa.]) 1852-1854". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  380. ^ "About Bradford reporter. (Towanda, Pa.) 1844-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  381. ^ "About Bratstvo. volume (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1944-199?". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  382. ^ "About The call. (Schuylkill Haven, Pa.) 1903-1951". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  383. ^ "About The Cambria dispatch. (Portage, Pa.) 1929-1948". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  384. ^ "About The Cambria freeman. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1867-1938". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  385. ^ "About Cambria gazette. (Johnstown, Pa.) 1841-1853". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  386. ^ "About The Cambria herald. (Ebensburg, Pa.) 1871-1898". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  387. ^ "About The Cambria tribune. (Johnstown, Cambria County, Pa.) 1853-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  388. ^ "About The Campaigner. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1867-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  389. ^ "About The Capitolian. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1842-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  390. ^ "About Carbondale advance. (Carbondale, Pa.) 18??-1889". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  391. ^ "About The Carbondale advance and Jermyn advocate. (Carbondale, Pa.) 1889-1899". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  392. ^ "About The Carbondale leader. (Carbondale, Pa.) 1872-1944". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  393. ^ "About Carbondale transcript, and Lackawanna journal. (Carbondale City, Pa.) 1851-1857". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  394. ^ "About The Carbondale weekly advance. (Carbondale, Pa.) 1861-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  395. ^ "About Carrolltown news. (Carrolltown, Pa.) 1883-1950". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  396. ^ "About The Catholic record. (Scranton, Pa.) 1887-1890". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  397. ^ "About Der Centre Berichter. (Aaronsburg, Pa.) 1827-1847". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  398. ^ "About Centre Democrat. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1848-1989". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  399. ^ "About The Centre reporter. (Centre Hall, Pa.) 1871-1940". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  400. ^ "About The Century. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1874-1878". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  401. ^ "About Der Christliche Botschafter [microform]. (Neu-Berlin, Pa.) 1836-1946". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  402. ^ "About Die Christliche Zeitschrift. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1838-1848". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  403. ^ "About The chronicle, and Harrisburg advertiser. (Harrisburgh [Pa.]) 1818-1820". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  404. ^ "About Chronicle of the times. (Reading, Pa.) 1823-1831". Library of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  405. ^ "About The chronicle, or, Harrisburgh visitor. (Harrisburgh, Pa.) 1813-1818". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  406. ^ "About Church advocate. (Lancaster, Pa.) 1846-1981". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  407. ^ "About The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  408. ^ "About The Citizen-standard. (Houtzdale, Pa.) 1942-1966". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  409. ^ "About The Clearfield citizen. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1878-1885". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  410. ^ "About The Clearfield County times. (Curwensville, Pa.) 1872-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  411. ^ "About Clearfield Democrat. (Clearfield-Town, Clearfield County, Pa.) 1833-1839". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  412. ^ "About The Clearfield progress. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1913-1946". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  413. ^ "About Clearfield Republican. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1851-1937". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  414. ^ "About Clearfield times. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1937-1944". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  415. ^ "About Coaldale observer. (Coaldale, Pa.) 1910-1958". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  416. ^ "About Coalport standard. (Coalport, Pa.) 1884-1934". Library of Conress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  417. ^ "About The comet. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1857-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  418. ^ "About The Commonwealth. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1897-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  419. ^ "About The commonwealth. (Tionesta, Forest Co., Pa.) 1880-1885". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  420. ^ "About The compiler. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1857-1866". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  421. ^ "About Coudersport democrat. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1898-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  422. ^ "About The Country dollar. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1849-1851". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  423. ^ "About Country mirror and Lackawannian. (Providence [i.e. Scranton, Pa.) 1845-1847". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  424. ^ "About The county review. (Curwensville, Pa.) 1882-1910". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  425. ^ "About The Courier. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1903-1924". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  426. ^ "About Country impressions. (Sweet Valley, Pa.) 1965-1974". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  427. ^ "About Country mirror and Lackawannian. (Providence [i.e. Scranton, Pa.) 1845-1847". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  428. ^ "About Courier herald. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1894-1953". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  429. ^ "About Cresson Gallitzin mainliner. ([Cresson, Pa.) 1975-1999". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  430. ^ "About Cross Fork news. (Cross Fork, Pa.) 1902-1906". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  431. ^ "About Crystal fountain and Pennsylvania temperance journal. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1853-1856". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  432. ^ "About Curwensville herald. (Curwensville, Pa.) 1915-1944". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  433. ^ "About The daily American. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1850-1851". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  434. ^ "About Daily bulletin. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1879-1893". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  435. ^ "About Daily chronicle and news. (Allentown, Pa.) 1883-1895". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  436. ^ "About The daily dawn. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 187?-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  437. ^ "About The daily Democrat. (Scranton, Pa.) 1869-187?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  438. ^ "About Daily evening mercury. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1873-1874". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  439. ^ "About Daily intelligencer. (Harrisburg [Pa.]) 1841-1847". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  440. ^ "About Daily legislative union. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1854-185?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  441. ^ "About The daily news. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1870-1875". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  442. ^ "About Daily news-dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1889-1894". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  443. ^ "About The Daily public spirit. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1901-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  444. ^ "About Daily record of the times. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1873-1876". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  445. ^ "About The daily review. (Reading, Pa.) 1895-1899". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 24 May 2017. 
  446. ^ "About Daily sentinel. (Hazleton [Pa.]) 1869-1879". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  447. ^ "About Daily times. (Scranton, Pa.) 1874-1883". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  448. ^ "About Dauphin Caunty journal. (Harrisburg [Pa.]) 1877-1887". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  449. ^ "About Demokratischer Wächter, Luzerne und Columbia County Anzeiger. volume (Wilkesbarre, Pa.) 18??-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  450. ^ "About Deutsch-Amerikanischer Volks-Freund. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1880-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  451. ^ "About Deutsches Wochenblatt. (Abbottstaun [sic], Pa.) 1848-18??". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  452. ^ "About Di Idishe shṭime. volume ([Reading, Pa.]) 1922-1929". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  453. ^ "About The Diocesan record. (Scranton, Pa.) 1890-190?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  454. ^ "About The dollar weekly news. (Scranton, Pa.) 18??-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  455. ^ "About Draugas. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1909-1916". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  456. ^ "About The Druid. (Scranton, Pa.) 1907-1914". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  457. ^ "About The DuBois daily express. (DuBois, Pa.) 1909-1927". LIbrary of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  458. ^ "About DuBois courier express. (DuBois, Pa.) 1947-1964". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  459. ^ "About The DuBois weekly courier. (DuBois, Pa.) 1882-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  460. ^ "About East Berlin news. (East Berlin, Pa.) 1893-1925". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  461. ^ "About East Berlin news and Biglerville news. (East Berlin, Pa.) 1925-1930". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  462. ^ "About The East Penn free press. (Emmaus, Pa.) 1984-1988". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  463. ^ "About Echo polskie = Polish voice. (Kingston, Pa.) 1927-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  464. ^ "About The Elk advocate. (Ridgway, Elk Co., Pa.) 186?-1868". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  465. ^ "About Chronicle and news. (Allentown, Pa.) 1896-1921". Librry of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  466. ^ "About The Evening express. (DuBois, Pa.) 1892-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  467. ^ "About Evening gazette. (Pittston, Pa.) 1882-1900". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  468. ^ "About The evening herald. (Shenandoah, Pa.) 1891-1966". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  469. ^ "About The evening leader. (Wilkes-Barre [Pa.]) 1884-1898". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  470. ^ "About The evening news. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1909-1939". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  471. ^ "About Evening public ledger. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1914-1942". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  472. ^ "About The Exeter echo. (Exeter, Pa.) 1939-1956". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  473. ^ "About Farmers' and mechanics' journal. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1842-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  474. ^ "About Fest-Zeitung. (Scranton, Pa.) 1884-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  475. ^ "About The Forest Republican. (Tionesta, Pa.) 1869-1952". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  476. ^ "About The Free lance. (State College, Pa.) 1887-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  477. ^ "About Freeland progress. (Freeland, Pa.) 1881-1890". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  478. ^ "About Free patrol. (Scranton, Pa.) 1877-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  479. ^ "About The Free press. (Emmaus, Pa.) 1980-1984". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  480. ^ "About Galeton dispatch. (Galeton, Pa.) 1896-1903". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  481. ^ "About The Galeton democrat. (Galeton, Pa.) 1903-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  482. ^ "About Garfield Thomas Water Tunnel. (State College, Pa.) 196?-197?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  483. ^ "About Gazette of the United States, & Philadelphia daily advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1796-1800". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  484. ^ "About Genesee times. (Genesee, Pa.) 1899-1902". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  485. ^ "About Gettysburg compiler. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1866-1961". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  486. ^ "About The Gettysburg star. (Gettysburg [Pa.]) 1864-1867". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  487. ^ "About Gettysburg truth. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1887-1891". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  488. ^ "About The gleaner. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1812-1818". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  489. ^ "About The Glen Summit breeze. (Glen Summit, Pa.) 1893-1902". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  490. ^ "About Górnik = The miner. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 192?-194?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  491. ^ "About Greater Hazleton mirror. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1972-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  492. ^ "About Gwerinwr Cymreig. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 18??-1???". Librabry of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  493. ^ "About Harrisburg telegraph. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  494. ^ "About Hazleton journal. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1936-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  495. ^ "About Hazleton patriot. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1975-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  496. ^ "About The Hazleton sentinel. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1866-1880". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  497. ^ "About Hazleton standard-speaker. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1961-1980". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  498. ^ "About Das Hazleton Volksblatt. (Hazleton, Pa.) 1872-1906". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  499. ^ "About The herald of the union. (Scranton, Pa.) 1856-186?". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  500. ^ "About Der Herold. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 187?-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  501. ^ "About The Highland patriot. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1854-1858". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  502. ^ "About The Honesdale Democrat. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1844-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  503. ^ "About Houtzdale citizen. (Houtzdale, Pa.) 1900-1934". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  504. ^ "About The Houtzdale citizen and Coalport standard. (Houtzdale, Pa.) 1934-1942". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  505. ^ "About The Houtzdale observer. (Houtzdale, Pa.) 1882-1899". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  506. ^ "About Howard hustler. (Howard, Pa.) 1898-1915". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  507. ^ "About Howard weekly hornet. (Howard, Pa.) 1894-1898". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  508. ^ "About Hyde Park item and real estate journal. (Hyde Park [i.e. Scranton], Pa.) 1874-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  509. ^ "About The index. (Scranton, Pa.) 1887-1899". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  510. ^ "About Industrial advocate. (Scranton, Pa.) 1877-1878". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  511. ^ "About The investigator. (East-Berlin, Pa.) 1844-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  512. ^ "About Jednota. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 1902-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  513. ^ "About The Jeffersonian. (Littlestown, Pa.) 1899-190?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  514. ^ "About The Jewish journal of the anthracite region. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 193?-193?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  515. ^ "About The journal. (White Haven, Pa.) 1900-1981". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  516. ^ "About The keystone gazette. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1937-1959". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  517. ^ "About The Kingston times. (Kingston, Pa.) 188?-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  518. ^ "About The Lackawanna herald and American advocate. (Scranton, Pa.) 185?-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  519. ^ "About The Lackawanna intelligencer. (Scranton, Pa.) 1882-1886". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  520. ^ "About La libera parola. volume (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1918-1969". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  521. ^ "About Leader-courier. (Osceola Mills, Pa.) 1890-1922". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  522. ^ "About The Leader-dispatch. (Galeton, Pa.) 1903-1958". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  523. ^ "About Der Lecha Caunty patriot. volume (Allentaun, Pa.) 1859-1872". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  524. ^ "About Der Lecha Patriot und Northampton Demokrat. (Allentaun, Pa.) 1839-1848". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  525. ^ "About Der liberale Beobachter und Berks, Montgomery und Schuylkill Caunties allgemeine anzeiger. ([Reading, Pa.) 1839-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  526. ^ "About Light on the hill. (Hyde Park [i.e. Scranton], Pa.) 1873-18??". Library of Congress. 
  527. ^ "About The Literary visitor. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1813-1815". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  528. ^ "About The Littlestown news. (Littlestown, Pa.) 1874-1878". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  529. ^ "About The Luzerne Federalist: and Susquehannah intelligencer. (Wilkesbarre, Pa.) 1801-1809". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  530. ^ "About The Luzerne union. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1853-1879". Library of Congress. Retrieved 21 May 2017. 
  531. ^ "About The Marienville express. (Marienville, Pa.) 1890-1952". Library of Conress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  532. ^ "About Millheim Journal. volume (Millheim, Pa.) 1876-1984". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  533. ^ "About Il Minatore = The Miner. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 1912-1940". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  534. ^ "About The monitor. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1892-1905". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  535. ^ "About The Mountaineer. (Curwensville, Pa.) 1903-1915". Library of Congress. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  536. ^ "About The Mountain times. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1918-1933". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  537. ^ "About Multum in parvo, and plain talker. (Clearfield, Pa.) 1833-1885". Library of Congress. 
  538. ^ "About Narodna voli︠a︡ = Narodna wola = The people's will. (Scranton, Pa.) 1910-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  539. ^ "About New Oxford item. (New Oxford, Pa.) 1879-1967". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  540. ^ "About The news. (Cross Fork, Pa.) 1897-1902". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  541. ^ "About News comet. (East Berlin, Pa.) 1930-1952". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  542. ^ "About Oswayo Valley mail. (Shingle House, Pa.) 1901-1962". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  543. ^ "About Oswayo Valley record. (Oswayo, Pa.) 1900-1902". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  544. ^ "About The palladium. (Shinglehouse, Pa.) 1882-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  545. ^ "About The patriot. volume (Indiana, Pa.) 1914-1955". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  546. ^ "About The patriot. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1891-1996". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  547. ^ "About Penn State collegian. volume (State College, Pa.) 1911-1940". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  548. ^ "About Pennsylvania mirror. (State College, Pa.) 1968-1977". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  549. ^ "About Pennsylvanische Staats zeitung. volume (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1843-1887". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  550. ^ "About The people. (Scranton, Pa.) 1886-1892". Library of Congress. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  551. ^ "About The people's journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1850-1857". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  552. ^ "About The Petroleum Centre daily record. (Petroleum Center, Pa.) 1868-1873". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  553. ^ "About Philadelphia Afro-American. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1937-1965". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  554. ^ "About The Philadelphia press. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1880-1885". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  555. ^ "About Polish American journal. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 1948-1972". Library of Congress. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  556. ^ "About The Potter County journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1880-1969". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  557. ^ "About Potter democrat. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1893-1919". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  558. ^ "About The Potter enterprise. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1950-1987". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  559. ^ "About The Potter journal. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  560. ^ "About Potter pioneer. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1843-1851". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  561. ^ "About The press. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1885-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  562. ^ "About The Providence echo. (Providence [i.e. Scranton], Pa.) 1879-1881". Library of COngress. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  563. ^ "About The Potter enterprise and the Potter independent. (Coudersport, Pa.) 1920-1931". Library of Congres. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  564. ^ "About La ragione. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1917-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  565. ^ "About La rassegna. volume (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1917-????". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  566. ^ "About The republic. (Honesdale, Wayne Co., Pa.) 1864-1868". Librbary of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  567. ^ "About The Republican compiler. (Gettysburg [Pa.]) 1818-1857". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  568. ^ "About The Roulette recorder. (Roulette, Pa.) 1903-1919". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  569. ^ "About The Sprig of liberty. volume (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1804-1807". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  570. ^ "About The tribune-Republican. (Scranton, Pa.) 1910-1915". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  571. ^ "About The Scranton Republican. (Scranton, Pa.) 1877-1910". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  572. ^ "About The Scranton tribune. (Scranton, Pa.) 1891-1910". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  573. ^ "About Scranton Wochenblatt. volume (Scranton, Pa.) 1865-1918". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  574. ^ "Sokol Sojedinenija = Sokol Soedynenii︠a︡ = Falcon of the Greek Catholic Union. volume (Homestead, Pa.) 1914-1926". Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  575. ^ "About The star. (Scranton [Pa.]) 1871-18??". Librabry of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  576. ^ "About Star and banner. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1847-1864". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  577. ^ "About The Star and Republican banner. (Gettysburg, Pa.) 1832-1847". Library of Congress. Retrieved 25 May 2017. 
  578. ^ "About The star-independent. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1904-1917". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  579. ^ "About Sunbury American. (Sunbury, Pa.) 1848-1879". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  580. ^ "About The Sunday morning news. (Scranton, Pa.) 1878-1901". Librabry of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  581. ^ "About Sunday news. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1899-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  582. ^ "About The Sunday news dealer. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1833-1898". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  583. ^ "About Der Susquehanna Beobachter, und Luzerne und Columbia Caunty Advertiser. (Wilkesbarre, Pa.) 1826-1830". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  584. ^ "About The times. (State College, Pa.) 1898-1932". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  585. ^ "About The true Democrat. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1852-1854". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  586. ^ "About The true Republic. (Scranton City, Pa.) 1882-1???". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  587. ^ Roberts, Sam (30 January 2017). "William A. Norris, Judge Whose Opinion Presaged Gay Marriage, Dies at 89". New York Times. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  588. ^ "About The Ulysses sentinel. (Ulysses, Pa.) 1881-1916". Library of Congress. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  589. ^ "About Der Vaterlands-Wächter. volume (Harrisburg, Penns. [Pa.]) 18??-1876". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  590. ^ "About The Wage-earner's journal. (Philipsburg, Pa.) 1885-1907". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  591. ^ "About The Wayne citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1868-1873". Library of Congress. Retrieved 22 May 2017. 
  592. ^ "About Weekly press. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1883-1905". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  593. ^ "About West Oak Lane beacon. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1951-1965". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  594. ^ "About West Philadelphia Saturday star. (West Philadelphia [i.e. Philadelphia, Pa.]) 1860-1872". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  595. ^ "About West Philadelphia times. (Philadelphia, Pa.) 1924-1946". Library of Congress. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  596. ^ "About West Side progress. (Hyde Park [i.e. Scranton] Pa.) 1884-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 18 May 2017. 
  597. ^ "About Whig state journal. (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1851-1853". Library of Congress. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  598. ^ "About The Wilkes-Barre times leader. (Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1978-1982". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  599. ^ "About Wilkes-Barre weekly times. ([Wilkes-Barre, Pa.) 1894-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  600. ^ "About The workingman. (Pottsville [Pa.]) 1873-1876". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  601. ^ "About The Wyoming herald. (Wilkesbarre, Pa.) 1818-1835". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  602. ^ "About Wyoming observer. (Wyoming, Pa.) 1967-1970". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  603. ^ "About The Wyoming Republican. (Kingston, Luzerne County, Pa.) 1832-1835". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  604. ^ "About The Wyoming Valley observer. (Wyoming, Pa.) 1970-1979". Library of Congress. Retrieved 31 May 2017. 
  605. ^ "About The Abbeville medium. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1871-1923". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  606. ^ "About Abbeville press. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1860-1869". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  607. ^ "About The Anderson gazette. (Anderson C.H., S.C.) 1843-1854". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  608. ^ "About The evening medium. (Abbeville, S.C.) 1923-1925". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
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  610. ^ "About The herald and news. (Newberry S.C.) 1903-1937". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  611. ^ "About Highland sentinel. (Calhoun Anderson Dist. [i.e. Calhoun], S.C.) 1840-1843". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  612. ^ "About The press and banner. volume (None) 1924-1925". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  613. ^ "About Southern rights advocate. (Anderson, S.C.) 1852-185?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  614. ^ "About Dakota farmers' leader. (Canton, S.D.) 1890-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  615. ^ Holzer, Harold (February 2015). President Lincoln Assassinated. 415: Library of America. ISBN 1598533738. 
  616. ^ "Ruth Sulzberger Holmberg, Newspaper Published, Dies at 96". New York Times. 20 April 2017. 
  617. ^ "About The daily Memphis avalanche. (Memphis [Tenn.]) 1866-1885". Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  618. ^ "About Memphis daily appeal. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1847-1886". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  619. ^ "About Memphis daily commercial. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1889-1891". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  620. ^ "About Memphis morning news. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1902-1904". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  621. ^ "About The news scimitar. (Memphis, Tenn.) 1907-1926". Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 May 2017. 
  622. ^ "About Tennessee staatszeitung. volume (Nashville, Tenn.) 1866-187?". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  623. ^ "About Wochenblatt der Tennessee staatszeitung. (Nashville, Tenn.) 1867-1867". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  624. ^ "About The Brazos pilot. (Bryan, Tex.) 1877-1913". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  625. ^ "About Bryan daily eagle and pilot. (Bryan, Tex.) 1909-1918". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  626. ^ "About El Democrata fronterizo. (Laredo, Tex.) 1896-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  627. ^ "About The Jewish monitor. (Fort Worth-Dallas, Tex.) 191?-1921". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  628. ^ "About The broad ax. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1895-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  629. ^ "About The Intermountain Catholic. (Salt Lake City [Utah] ;) 1899-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  630. ^ "About Iron County record. (Cedar City, Utah) 1893-1982". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  631. ^ "About The Salt Lake herald. (Salt Lake City [Utah) 1870-1909". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  632. ^ "About Salt Lake telegram. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1915-1952". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  633. ^ "Topaz Times (Newspaper)". Densho Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  634. ^ "About Truth. (Salt Lake City, Utah) 1901-1908". Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  635. ^ "About The Bennington evening banner. (Bennington, Vt.) 19??-1961". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  636. ^ "About Cronaca sovversiva. (Barre, Vt.) 1903-1920". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  637. ^ "About Le Patriote canadien. (Burlington, Vt.) 1839-1840". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  638. ^ "About Richmonder Anzeiger. (Richmond, Va.) 1854-18??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  639. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 9195: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  640. ^ "About Richmond planet. (Richmond, Va.) 1883-1938". Library of Congress. Retrieved 11 May 2017. 
  641. ^ Holzer, Harold (February 2015). President Lincoln Assassinated. 404: Library of America. ISBN 1598533738. 
  642. ^ Seattle Post-Intelligencer
  643. ^ "The Seattle star. (Seattle, Wash.) 1899-1947". Retrieved 7 April 2017. 
  644. ^ "About The bee. (Washington, D.C.) 1882-1884". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  645. ^ "About The colored American. (Washington, D.C.) 1893-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  646. ^ "About Daily national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1854". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  647. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 4736: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  648. ^ "About The national forum. (Washington, D.C.) 1910-19??". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  649. ^ "About New national era. (Washington, D.C.) 1870-1874". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  650. ^ Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. 2585: W. W. Norton & Company,. ISBN 0-393-06618-5. 
  651. ^ "West Virginia Hillbilly". West Virginia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  652. ^ "About La sentinella del West Virginia. (Thomas, W. Va.) 1905-1913". Library of Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  653. ^ "West Virginia Hillbilly". West Virginia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]