Saltivka or the Saltivka Masyv (Ukrainian: Салтiвка; Russian: Салтовка) is a large residential area located in the northeastern region of Kharkiv in eastern Ukraine. It occupies a substantial portion of Moskovskyi District and part of Kyivskyi District and Nemyshlyanskyi Districts. It is sometimes referred to as Saltivka Masyv, as it unites several different neighborhoods which contain similar residential areas.
The name of the neighborhood is derived from the road that leads to Staryi Saltiv and Verkhniy Saltiv in Vovchansk Raion.
Saltivka is bounded by the flood plain north of the Kharkiv River along the east regional road to sovkhoz Ukrainka and Kulynychi village, the River Nemyshlya in the south, Marshal Batytsky and Yakir streets to the west, and the market at Kharkiv Metro station Akademika Barabashova. The county is so named because of the road that runs from the centre of the city of Kharkiv, the Old Saltiv - Saltiv highway. Prior to the 1960s, Saltivka was called Saltivsky village, and consisted of a few small scattered areas with three-story buildings (Tyurinka, Stara Saltivka, Shevchenky, Selyshche Imeni Kirova).
Despite its reputation as a deprived residential area with outdated and dilapidated housing, more than a third of Kharkiv's total population resides within its boundaries.
Saltivka was conceived from the start as a purely residential neighborhood according to the Soviet concept of creating so-called sleeping districts in large industrial cities. According to various estimates, some 400-800,000 inhabitants live in Saltivka, making it one of the largest residential areas in Ukraine. Saltivka has almost no industrial compounds, but there are many shops and markets for residents. The neighborhood includes one of the largest warehouse markets in Ukraine near the subway station named after Academician Barabashov. The Barabashov marketplace, according to some sources, is the largest in Europe.
Residential development was initiated by the Institute Hiprobud in 1963. Saltivka's panel residential buildings typically have 9, 12 and 16 floors, and more rarely, 5 floors. Separate high-rise buildings were constructed from 1967, and construction on the bulk of the buildings in Saltivka began in the 1970s.
- Zhuravlevsky Hydropark, a recreational space.
- Victory Park - founded in honor of the 40th anniversary of Victory Day in 1985.
- Cinemas «Kronverk», «Kinoland», «Poznan»
- Monuments - Hero of the Soviet Union Shironin at the intersection of "50 Years of VLKSM" Avenue and "Guards Shironyntsi" Street, Lomonosov Monument (Traktorobudivnyky Prospect).
- Sports: home field of American football team "Texas"
- Exhibition Center «Radmir», near metro station «Akademika Pavlova».
Saltivka is linked to the city center by the Kharkiv Metro Saltiv Line from station Heroiv Truda and station Istorychniy Muzei. In all, four subway stations serve the Saltivka neighborhood. The Saltiv tram depot is also located in the area, on Leo Tolstoy street. The tram depot was once the largest in the former Soviet Union, with an area of his area of 20.8 hectares.
There are also many trolley, bus, and marshrutka (mini bus) stations and lines that serve the area.