Imperial Valley Geothermal Project

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Salton Sea geothermal energy)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Imperial Valley Geothermal Project
J.M. Leathers Geothermal Plant.jpg
The J.M. Leathers Geothermal Power Station
Official nameImperial Valley Geothermal Project
CountryUnited States
LocationNear Calipatria
Imperial County, California
Coordinates33°09′48″N 115°37′00″W / 33.16333°N 115.61667°W / 33.16333; -115.61667Coordinates: 33°09′48″N 115°37′00″W / 33.16333°N 115.61667°W / 33.16333; -115.61667
Commission date1982
Owner(s)CalEnergy (86.4%)
EnergySource (13.6%)
Geothermal power station
TypeDry steam
Power generation
Units operational14 units (11 power stations)
Units planned1 unit
Nameplate capacity432.3 MW [1]
Annual net output1,741 GWh (2018) [1]

Imperial Valley Geothermal Project, also known as the Salton Sea Geothermal Field, is a complex of eleven geothermal power stations located along the southeastern shore of the Salton Sea in the Imperial Valley of California. It is the second largest geothermal field in the United States after The Geysers in Northern California.


Imperial Valley lies atop a region of high geothermal energy with an estimated 2,950 MW of geothermal potential. Of that total, 2250 MW are currently developable, while the remaining 700 MW would become available as the lake shrinks in size.[2] About 403 MW is generated by the existing power plants, ten of which are owned by CalEnergy and one by EnergySource.[3]

Hell’s Kitchen Geothermal Project[edit]

In 2016, the Australian firm Controlled Thermal Resources announced plans to build a 140 MW geothermal power plant and a lithium extraction facility capable of producing 15,000 tons (13,600 tonnes) by 2023 and 75,000 tons (68,000 tonnes) by 2027. The company hopes to create a major new domestic source of the mineral, which is a key ingredient used in batteries for electric cars and energy storage. The project is expected to be operational by 2023.[4][5]

Geothermal power stations[edit]

This is a table of all constituent geothermal power stations.[6][1]

Name Units Type Status Capacity
Owner Commissioned
A.W. Hoch 1 Dry steam Operational 45.5 CalEnergy 1989
CE Turbo 1 Dry steam Operational 11.5 CalEnergy 2000
Hell's Kitchen ? Dry steam Planned 140 CT Resources (2023)
J.J. Elmore 1 Dry steam Operational 45.5 CalEnergy 1989
J.L. Featherstone 1 Dry steam Operational 55 EnergySource March 2012
J.M. Leathers 1 Dry steam Operational 45.5 CalEnergy 1990
Salton Sea 1 1 Dry steam Operational 10 CalEnergy 1982
Salton Sea 2 3 Dry steam Operational 20 CalEnergy 1990
Salton Sea 3 1 Dry steam Operational 54 CalEnergy 1989
Salton Sea 4 1 Dry steam Operational 47.5 CalEnergy 1996
Salton Sea 5 1 Dry steam Operational 58.3 CalEnergy 2000
Vulcan 2 Dry steam Operational 39.6 CalEnergy 1985

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Electricity Data Browser - Salton Sea Complex (11 plants)". Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  2. ^ "The Shrinking Salton Sea and its Impact on Geothermal Development" (PDF). 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 6, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  3. ^ "EnergySource's First Geothermal Plant in Imperial Valley Lauded for Creating Jobs, Boosting the Economy, Delivering Clean Energy to 50,000 Homes; Second Plant to Follow". May 18, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  4. ^ "Lithium will fuel the clean energy boom. This company may have a breakthrough". Los Angeles Times. October 14, 2019. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  5. ^ "California needs clean energy after sundown. Is the answer under our feet?". Los Angeles Times. January 22, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
  6. ^ "The Shrinking Salton Sea and its Impact on Geothermal Development" (PDF). 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 6, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020.

External links[edit]