Saltora (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||312.62 km2 (120.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||128 m (420 ft)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|PIN||722 158 (Saltora)
722 153 (Tiluri)
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-67, WB-68|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bankura|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Saltora|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 BPL families
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Culture
- 9 Healthcare
- 10 References
- 11 External links
From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj
From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Bargi invasions laid waste their country.
Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.
Saltora CD Block is located in the north-western part of the district. The Main Bankura Upland, of which Saltora CD Block is a part, is characterised by undulating terrain with many hills and ridges. The area is having a gradual descent from the Chota Nagpur Plateau. There are coal mines in Saltora, Mejia and Barjora. The soil is laterite red and hard beds are covered with scrub jungle and sal wood.
There are two are two moderately high hills – Biharinath (in Saltora CD Block) and Susunia (in Chhatna CD Block). While the former rises to a height of 448 metres (1,470 ft), the latter attains a height of 440 metres (1,440 ft).
Saltora CD Block is bounded by Salanpur and Barabani CD Blocks, in Bardhaman district, across the Damodar, on the north, Mejia and Gangajaghati CD Blocks, on the east, Chhatna CD Block, on the south and Santuri CD Block, in Purulia district, on the west.
Saltora CD Block has an area of 312.62 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 8 gram panchayats, 103 gram sansads (village councils), 157 mouzas and 145 inhabited villages. Saltora police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Saltora.
As per the 2011 Census of India Saltora CD Block had a total population of 135,980, all of which were rural. There were 69,732 (51%) males and 66,248 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 17,431. Scheduled Castes numbered 46,497 (34.19%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 25,696 (18.90%).
In the 2001 census, Saltora community development bloc had a total population of 121,810 of which 62,357 were males and 59,453 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991-2001 was 9.81% for Saltora, against 13.79% in Bankura  growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Saltora CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Shirpurna (4,080), Tiluri (5,174) and Pabra (4,179).
Other villages in Saltora CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Saltora (3,966), Salma (3,732), Bamantor (1,877), Dhekia (1,473), Kanuri (2,187) and Gogra (1,991).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Saltora CD Block was 72,854 (61.45% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 44,846 (73.83% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 28,008 (48.45%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 25.38%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Bankura Sadar subdivision|
|Saltora – 61.45%|
|Mejia – 66.83%|
|Gangajalghati – 68.11%|
|Chhatna – 65.73%|
|Bankura I – 68.74%|
|Bankura II – 73.59%|
|Barjora – 71.67%|
|Onda – 65.82%|
|Indas – 71.70%|
|Joypur – 74.57%|
|Patrasayer – 64.8%|
|Kotulpur – 78.01%|
|Sonamukhi – 66.16%|
|Bishnupur – 66.30%|
|Indpur – 67.42%|
|Ranibandh – 68.53%|
|Khatra – 72.18%|
|Hirbandh – 64.18%|
|Raipur – 71.33%|
|Sarenga – 74.25%|
|Simlapal – 68.44%|
|Taldangra – 70.87%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Languages and religions
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 114,904 and formed 84.51% of the population in Saltora CD Block. Muslims numbered 16,677 and formed 12.26% of the population. Christians numbered 1,198 and formed 0.88% of the population. Others numbered 3,201 and formed 2.35% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
Migration has been observed in the following CD Blocks of Bankura district: Bankura I, Chhatna, Saltora, Indpur, Ranibandh, Hirbandh, Khatra, Raipur and Sarenga. Although authentic figures are not available, a sample survey has been done. According to the sample survey, around 54.5% to 85.4% of the families on an average migrate from these blocks. Another study shows that around 23% of the people from the under-privileged blocks in the western and southern Bankura migrate. Those migrating belong mostly to the SC or ST population. They migrate for periods varying from 15 days to 6/8 months. Most people migrate to meet their food deficit and go to Bardhaman and Hooghly districts but some go to Gujarat and Maharashtra as construction labour.
276 or 93% of mouzas in Saltora CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Saltora CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 7.27%, patta (document) holders 17.35%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.54%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 18.09% and agricultural labourers 50.76%.
In 2003-04 net area sown in Saltora CD Block was 17,235 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 809 hectares.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Saltora CD Block was 3,300 hectares, out of which 2,400 hectares by tank water, 560 hectares by river lift irrigation, 90 hectares by open dug wells and 250 hectres by other methods.
Handloom and pottery industries
The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Saltora CD Block had 127 looms in operation.
Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 190 families were involved in Saltora CD Block.
In 2013-14, Saltora CD Block had 4 ferry services and 6 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 15 km from the CD Block headquarters.
Saltora has three colleges. - 1. Netaji Centenary College (Degree College), 2. B.Ed.College, 3. D.El.Ed.College (Saltora Elementary Teacher Educational Programme Institute)
In 2013-14, Saltora CD Block had 122 primary schools with 13,388 students, 16 middle schools with 1,692 students, 8 high schools with 6,460 students and 7 higher secondary schools with 5,111 students. Saltora CD Block had 1 general college with 1,532 students, 1 technical and professional institution with 100 students, 288 institutions for special and non-formal education with 7,097 students. Saltora CD Block had 8 mass literacy centres. The only Govt School in this block is Govt Model School, Saltora, Located at vill Pabaya. It is a co-ed Eng medium School from class VI-XII 
In 2014, Saltora CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 61 beds and 6 doctors. It had 23 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,255 patients were treated indoor and 142,080 patients were trated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
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Biharinath travel guide from Wikivoyage