Saltoro Kangri

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Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Kangri.jpg
Saltoro Kangri, at right
Highest point
Elevation7,742 m (25,400 ft)Ranked 31st
Prominence2,160 m (7,090 ft)
ListingUltra
Coordinates35°23′57.6″N 76°50′55.2″E / 35.399333°N 76.848667°E / 35.399333; 76.848667Coordinates: 35°23′57.6″N 76°50′55.2″E / 35.399333°N 76.848667°E / 35.399333; 76.848667
Dimensions
Length80 km (50 mi)
Geography
Saltoro Kangri is located in Karakoram
Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Ridge, Siachen, Actual Ground Position Line, Saltoro Kangri on the border between Indian and Pakistani controlled territories
Saltoro Kangri is located in Gilgit Baltistan
Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Kangri (Gilgit Baltistan)
Saltoro Kangri is located in Ladakh
Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Kangri
Saltoro Kangri (Ladakh)
Parent rangeSaltoro Mountains, Karakoram
Climbing
First ascent24 July 1962 by Y. Takamura, A. Saito, Capt. Bashir[1]
Easiest routerock/snow/ice climb
Saltoro Kangri
Traditional Chinese薩爾托洛崗日峰

Saltoro Kangri, formerly known as Peak 36, is the highest peak of the Saltoro Mountains subrange of Karakoram range, also known as the Saltoro Range, which is a part of the Karakoram. Saltoro Kangri is a name generally used for the twin peaks, Saltoro Kangri I (to the south) and Saltoro Kangri II, connected by a saddle. While comparing the heights the generic term Saltoro Kangri is applied to the higher peak, Saltoro Kangri I, which is the 31st highest mountain in the world in remote reaches of Karokaram. It is located on Indian side of the Actual Ground Position Line between Indian controlled territory in the Siachen region and Pakistani controlled territory west of the Saltoro Range.

Climbing history[edit]

The mountain was reconnoitered by the Fanny Bullock Workman and her husband in 1911–12. The first attempt on the peak (then still called "Peak 36") was in 1935 by a British expedition led by James Waller and John Hunt.[2][3] Hunt had been suggested to Waller by the Himalayan Club in Calcutta; also in the party were Rowland Brotherhood and Dr. Steward Carslaw, besides two Sherpas, Palden and Dawa Thondup. They approached the mountain from the Likah Glacier, hoping to climb the South East ridge, and established a final camp on 19 June, but overestimated their altitude. A summit attempt the next day proved too far: they had to climb 3500 feet in deteriorating weather. Hunt and Brotherhood reached 24,500 feet but then had to turn around.[4]

A British university expedition led by Eric Shipton approached the peak through the Bilafond La via Pakistan with a Pakistani climbing permit, but did not attempt to summit. This expedition was inadvertently the first move in the deadly game of Siachen oropolitics that would lead to the Siachen conflict of 1984.[5]

The first ascent of Saltoro Kangri was in July 1962, by a joint Japanese-Pakistani expedition led by T. Shidei. This piggyback expedition put A. Saito, Y. Takamura and Pakistani climber R.A. Bashir on the top on July 24, following the S.E. ridge route.[1][6] The peak was again climbed by an Indian Army expedition led by Colonel Narendra Kumar in 1981.[7] US maps of the area and many world atlases starting in the 1960s showed the Line of Control between Pakistani and Indian territory running from the last defined point in the 1949 Karachi Agreement, NJ9842, east-northeast to the Karakoram Pass, thus putting the whole of Saltoro Kangri and the entire Siachen Glacier in Pakistan. However, the Simla Agreement defined the Line of Control no further than point NJ9842 other than with the phrase "thence north to the glaciers." The Himalayan Index lists only one more ascent of the mountain, in 1981, and no other attempts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Shidei, T. (1964). "The Ascent of Saltoro Kangri" (PDF). Alpine Journal. 69: 73–80. Retrieved 2020-01-15.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Hunt, John (1936). "Peak 36, Saltoro Karakoram, 1935". Himalayan Journal. 8. Retrieved 2020-01-15.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Hunt, John; Waller, James (1937). "Peak 36, Saltoro Karakoram A Mountaineering Analysis". Himalayan Journal. 9. Retrieved 2020-01-15.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Hunt, John (1978). Life Is Meeting. London: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. 35–44. ISBN 0340229632.
  5. ^ Miller, K.J. (1958). "The Imperial College Karakoram Expedition, 1957". Himalayan Journal. 21. Retrieved 2020-01-15.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Shidei, T. (1964). "The Ascent of Saltoro Kangri". Himalayan Journal. 25. Retrieved 2020-01-15.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ Kapadia, Harish (2005). Into the Untravelled Himalaya: Travels, Treks, and Climbs. Indus Publishing. p. 245. Retrieved 2020-01-15.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Further reading[edit]

  • Jill Neate, High Asia: An Illustrated History of the 7000 Metre Peaks, ISBN 0-89886-238-8

External links[edit]