Saltoro Mountains

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Saltoro Mountains
Saltoro Muztagh
سلسلہ کوہ سالتورو
Highest point
PeakSaltoro Kangri
Elevation7,742 m (25,400 ft)
Coordinates35°24′01″N 76°50′55″E / 35.40028°N 76.84861°E / 35.40028; 76.84861Coordinates: 35°24′01″N 76°50′55″E / 35.40028°N 76.84861°E / 35.40028; 76.84861
CountryIndia and Pakistan
State or RegionJammu and Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan
Parent rangeKarakoram
Borders onMasherbrum Mountains

The Saltoro Mountains (Urdu: سلسہ کوہ سالتورو‎) are a subrange of the Karakoram Range.[1] They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier, one of the two longest glaciers outside the polar regions. The name given to this range is shared with the Saltoro Valley which is located to the west of this range, downslope on the gilgit baltistan side of the Actual Ground Position Line.

The Saltoro Mountains are Lesser Karakorams on the southern and western side of the large Karakoram-glaciers (Siachen, Baltoro, Biafo and Hispar Glacier from east to west) while the main ridge of the Karakorams lies north resp. east of these glaciers. The subranges of the main ridges are called Muztagh whereas the mountain groups of the Lesser Karakorams are denominated as Mountains, Ranges or Groups.[2]

They are claimed as part of Jammu and Kashmir by India and as part of Gilgit–Baltistan by Pakistan. Between 1984 and 1987, India assumed military control of the main peaks and passes of the range, with Pakistani forces holding the glacial valleys just to the west. Hence, despite high peaks and dramatic climbing opportunities, they are little visited except by military forces due to the ongoing Siachen Conflict.

On the southwest side, the Saltoro Mountains drop steeply to the valleys of the Kondus and Dansam Rivers, which join to form the Saltoro River, a tributary of the Shyok River. This in turn flows into the Indus River. To the northwest, the Kondus Glacier separates the range from the neighboring Masherbrum Mountains, while on the southeast, the Gyong River, Glacier, and Pass (Gyong La) separate the northern Saltoro Mountains from the southern Saltoro Mountains or "Kailas Mountains" (not to be confused with Tibet's sacred Mount Kailash).

Selected peaks[edit]

The following is a table of the peaks in the Saltoro Mountains which are over 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) in elevation and have over 500 metres (1,640 ft) of topographic prominence. (This is a common criterion for peaks of this stature to be independent.)

Mountain Height (m) Height (ft) Coordinates Prominence (m) Parent mountain First ascent Ascents (attempts)
Saltoro Kangri 7,742 25,400 35°23′57″N 76°50′51″E / 35.39917°N 76.84750°E / 35.39917; 76.84750 2,160 Gasherbrum I 1962 2 (1)
K12 7,428 24,370 35°17′42″N 77°01′18″E / 35.29500°N 77.02167°E / 35.29500; 77.02167 1,978 Saltoro Kangri 1974 4 (2)
Ghent Kangri (Mount Ghent) 7,401 24,281 35°31′03″N 76°48′01″E / 35.51750°N 76.80028°E / 35.51750; 76.80028 1,493 Saltoro Kangri 1961 4 (0)
Sherpi Kangri 7,380 24,213 35°27′58″N 76°46′53″E / 35.46611°N 76.78139°E / 35.46611; 76.78139 900 Ghent Kangri 1976 1 (1)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tryst With Deceit?".
  2. ^ Mason, Kenneth (1938). "Karakoram Nomenclature". Himalayan Journal 10. Retrieved 10 February 2014.


  • Jerzy Wala, Geographical Sketch Map of the Karakoram, Swiss Foundation for Alpine Research, Zurich, 1990.