Saltram (horse)

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Saltram
Sire Eclipse
Grandsire Marske
Dam Virago
Damsire Snap
Sex Stallion
Foaled 1780
Country Kingdom of Great Britain
Colour Brown
Breeder John Parker
Owner John Parker
George, Prince of Wales
Trainer Francis Neale
Record 8:4-3-1
Major wins
Epsom Derby (1783)

Saltram (1780–1802) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a career that lasted from spring 1783 to May 1785 he ran eight times and won four races. In 1783 he won the fourth running of the Epsom Derby on his third racecourse appearance. He won one race in 1784 and was then sold to George, Prince of Wales for whom he won a race at Newmarket in 1785 before being retired to stud. After having some success as a stallion in England he was exported to the United States where he died in 1802.

Background[edit]

Saltram was a brown horse standing 15.3 hands high bred by General John Parker who was elevated to the Peerage as Lord Boringdon in 1784. Parker was from Plympton in Devon and named the colt after the nearby Saltram House. Saltram was described as a "beautiful" horse of "great strength" despite "having lost one eye".[1] He was sired by Dennis O'Kelly's Eclipse, the dominant racehorse of his time who was undefeated in eighteen races before becoming one of the most important and influential stallions in Thoroughbred history.[2] Saltram was the fifth of eleven foals[3] born to Mr Parker's mare Virago went on to produce the 1787 Epsom Oaks winner Annette and was the female-line ancestor of the Derby winners Ditto, Pan and Gustavus.[4]

Racing career[edit]

1783: three-year-old season[edit]

Saltram made his first racecourse appearance at Newmarket in the spring of 1783. At the Craven meeting he ran in a ten furlong Sweepstakes "Across the Flat" and won the 300 guinea prize by beating Mr Douglas's unnamed colt by Justice.[5] He then finished second in the Cumberland Stakes, also at Newmarket.[6]

There were thirty-six entries but only six runners for the Derby at Epsom on 29 May and Saltram was made 5/2 joint favourite with Dennis O'Kelly's colt Cornet. The 1783 edition of the race was the last to be run over one mile, before the distance was extended to one and a half miles in 1784. Ridden by Charles Hindley, Saltram won from O'Kelly's second choice runner Dungannon, followed by Parlington, Gonzales, Cornet and the future St Leger winner Phoenomenon. Saltram did not run again as a three-year-old: a scheduled match race in October over two miles against Lord Egremont's colt Rinaldo was cancelled, with Lord Egremont paying a 50 guinea forfeit.[5]

1784: four-year-old season[edit]

Saltram returned as a four-year-old to finish third to Gonzales in the Claret Stakes at Newmarket in April.[6] At the next Newmarket meeting Saltram ran a match race over the Rowley Mile course against Lord Foley's colt Oliver Cromwell. He started the 4/5 favourite and defeated his opponent at level weights to win the 100 guinea prize.[5]

After a break of five months, Saltram returned to Newmarket in October for a 500 guinea handicap. He was made odds on favourite, but finished second to Balance, a colt owned by Lord Grosvenor.[7] After this race he was sold by Lord Boringdon to the Prince of Wales.[8]

1785: five-year-old season[edit]

Saltram ran twice for his new owner at the First Spring meeting at Newmarket in 1785. In the Craven Stakes, run at weight-for-age over ten furlongs, he finished second of the twelve runners to Dungannon at odds of 8/1.[9] He then ran in a 200 guinea Sweepstakes over the Abingdon Mile course, which he won by defeating Lord Clermont's colt Cantator to whom he was conceding eighteen pounds.[5]

Stud career[edit]

Saltram began his career as a stallion at the Prince of Wales's private stud. From 1790 onwards he was made available to the public at a variety of British studs. In 1791 he stood at Aston Clinton, near Tring in Hertfordshire at a fee of twenty guineas, making him one of the most expensive stallions in England.[10] By 1795, he had been moved to Carshalton in Surrey, at a fee of 10 guineas, with a guinea for the groom.[11] By 1798, his fee had fallen to five guineas and he was standing at Mr Haynes's Livery Stable, Great Portland Street, London.[12] The best of his offspring were Oscar, who won the Craven Stakes and the Oatlands Stakes, and Whiskey, a successful sire whose progeny included the Derby winner Eleanor.[13]

In 1799 he was bought by William Lightfoot and exported to stand as a stallion at Sandy Point, Charles City County, Virginia where he had some success as a sire of broodmares. Saltram died in Virginia in 1802.[6]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Saltram (GB), brown stallion, 1780
Sire
Eclipse (GB)
1764
Marske
1750
Squirt Bartlett's Childers
sister to Old Country Wench
Ruby mare Hutton's Blacklegs
Bay Bolton mare
Spilletta
1749
Regulus* Godolphin Arabian
Grey Robinson
Mother Western Easby Snake
Old Montagu mare
Dam
Virago (GB)
1764
Snap
1750
Snip Flying Childers
sister to Soreheels
sister to Slipby Fox
Gipsey
Regulus mare
1757
Regulus* Godolphin Arabian
Grey Robinson
sister 2 to Othello Crab
Miss Slamerkin (1729) (Family:7)[4]
  • Saltram was inbred 3x3 to Regulus, meaning that this stallion appears twice in the third generation of his pedigree.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Hunter (1798). Racing calendar. 1798. John Whitworth. p. 280. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  2. ^ "Eclipse". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  3. ^ The General stud book. J. S. Skinner. 1834. p. 281. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Blacklegs Royal Mare - Family 7". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  5. ^ a b c d William Pick, R. Johnson (1822). The turf register and sportsman & breeder's stud-book, Vol. III. W. Sams. p. 348. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  6. ^ a b c "Saltram". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  7. ^ William Pick, R. Johnson (1822). The turf register and sportsman & breeder's stud-book, Vol. III. W. Sams. p. 325. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  8. ^ Patricia Erigero Thoroughbred Heritage. "Thoroughbred Foundation Sires - S". Tbheritage.com. Retrieved 2012-02-20. 
  9. ^ William Pick, R. Johnson (1822). The turf register and sportsman & breeder's stud-book, Vol. III. W. Sams. p. 334. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  10. ^ Robert Hunter (1790). Racing calendar. 1790. John Whitworth. p. 388. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  11. ^ Robert Hunter (1794). Racing calendar. 1794. John Whitworth. p. 347. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  12. ^ Robert Hunter (1798). Racing calendar. 1798. John Whitworth. p. 279. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  13. ^ "Whiskey". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2012-02-10.