The Saluda River at Pelzer, South Carolina
|- left||Reedy River|
|- right||Little Saluda River|
|- location||Greenville County, South Carolina, South Carolina|
|- location||Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina|
|- elevation||118 ft (36 m)|
|Length||200 mi (322 km)|
Map of the Santee River watershed showing the Saluda River.
The Saluda River is a principal tributary of the Congaree River, about 200 mi (320 km) long, in northern and western South Carolina in the United States. Via the Congaree River, it is part of the watershed of the Santee River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean.
The Saluda River is formed about 10 mi (15 km) northwest of the city of Greenville, on the common boundary of Greenville and Pickens Counties, by the confluence of its north and south forks, each of which rises in the Blue Ridge Mountains very near the border of North Carolina:
- The North Saluda River flows generally south-southwestwardly through northern Greenville County, past Marietta.
- The South Saluda River flows generally southeastwardly on the Greenville-Pickens County border, receiving the Oolenoy River and the Middle Saluda River, which rises in Jones Gap State Park and flows generally southward through northwestern Greenville County.
From this confluence the Saluda River flows generally southeastwardly through the Piedmont region, through or along the boundaries of Pickens, Greenville, Anderson, Abbeville, Laurens, Greenwood, Newberry, Saluda, Lexington and Richland Counties, past the towns of Piedmont, West Pelzer, Pelzer, Ware Shoals and West Columbia. It joins the Broad River in Columbia to form the Congaree River.
Dams on the Saluda include:
- The uppermost dam on the Saluda River, on the border of Greenville and Pickens Counties, forming Saluda Lake
- Lake Saluda Reservoir Dam near Berea.
- the old textile mill dam in Piedmont
- The textile mill dam at Pelzer
- The Pelzer Mills Dam, near Williamston
- The Lee Steam Plant Dam near Williamston
- The Holiday Dam near Belton
- a still-operating dam built to power the textile mill in Ware Shoals
- Greenwood dam, creating Lake Greenwood
- Dreher Shoals Dam creating Lake Murray
- The Reedy River flows into Lake Greenwood from the north in Laurens County.
- The Little River flows into the Saluda from the north in Newberry County.
- The Bush River flows into Lake Murray from the north in Newberry County.
- The Little Saluda River flows into Lake Murray from the south in Saluda County; it is formed at the town of Saluda by the confluence of Mine Creek and Red Bank Creek.
As it travels downstream, the Saluda river is crossed several times. (Note: this list may at times be incomplete)
- Greenville County/Pickens County/Anderson County
- New Easley Highway (U.S. 123)
- Old Easley Highway
- Anderson Road (Old Dunham Bridge - S.C. 81) Powdersville/Greenville
- Interstate 85
- Anderson Street in Piedmont, South Carolina (S.C. 86)
- Piedmont Highway (S.C. 20) in Pelzer, South Carolina
- S.C. 8 in Pelzer
- Lee Steam Plant Road
- Cooley Bridge Road in Belton, South Carolina
- Holiday Dam Road
- U.S. 76 in Honea Path, South Carolina
- Laurens County/Abbeville County/Greenwood County
- Lake Greenwood
- Newberry County/Saluda County
- Lake Murray
According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Saluda River has also been known as:
- Corn River
- Saludy River
- Saluta River
- Salutah River
- Santee River
- Seleuda River
Save Our Saluda
In 2008, a collective of local citizens (or Citizens Action Group) based in Marietta, Greenville County, South Carolina initiated a campaign to "Save Our Saluda" following what they perceived to be aggressive property development. Their mission is to "(protect) and (preserve) the headwaters of the Saluda watershed through concerned citizens action".
In April 2009, the Saluda River was named by American Rivers, a leading river conservation group to a list of rivers in the United States that are under imminent threat by dams, industry or development. The article, posted on CNN on April 7, 2009 stated "Excess levels of sewage waste threaten the drinking water of more than 500,000 South Carolina residents, conservationists say. Sewage in the river increases phosphorus and algae levels, depletes oxygen, and kills fish and other aquatic life. American Rivers is asking the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control to improve sewage-treatment standards and ensure the river reduces its phosphorus levels by 25 to 50 percent."
- Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry
- DeLorme (1998). South Carolina Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-237-4.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Saluda River
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Little Saluda River
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Middle Saluda River
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Saluda River
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Saluda River
- SC DNR Middle Saluda River
- Save Our Saluda website