A train on the Salvador Metro.
|Native name||Metrô de Salvador,
|Locale||Salvador, Bahia, Brazil|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2
|Number of stations||10
(19 total planned)
|Began operation||June 11, 2014(Line 1)|
|Operator(s)||Companhia de Transportes de Salvador|
|System length||11.9 km (7.4 mi) (Line 1)
33.4 km (20.8 mi) (planned: Lines 1 & 2)
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||3,000 V overhead lines|
The Salvador Metro (Portuguese: Metrô de Salvador, commonly called Metrô) is a metro system and project for the Bahia state of Brazil, specifically in the city of Salvador. The current system includes a fully open 11.9-kilometre (7.4 mi), eight-station Line 1 (Lapa-Pirajá), which began partial public service on June 11, 2014.
Line 2 (Acesso Norte-Aeroporto-Lauro de Freitas) is currently under construction with projected opening dates over the coming three years.
Additionally, Salvador, Brazil is served by a 14-kilometre (8.7 mi) metre gauge (1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)) railway line known as the Suburban Line (Calçada-Paripe) that does not connect with the Metro.
The project is a Build, Operate, and Transfer (BOT) scheme for the operation of the urban rapid rail transportation system in the municipality of Salvador da Bahia, and includes the supply and installation of rolling stock and signaling equipment, and commercial operation of the system for the 25-year concession. Each train, consisting of four cars, has the capacity to carry 1,250 passengers.
Currently, the urban transportation system in Salvador is underdeveloped and largely road-based, causing significant congestion and delays. This level of road-based transport has significant impacts on the local economy and environment. For this reason the municipality and the state, together with the World Bank, have been involved since 1992 in the design and implementation of a transportation strategy. The international standard gauge is 3kV overhead power supply. And Built by a consortium of Siemens and Camargo Corrêa and Andrade Gutierrez of Brazil.
This project is an integral part of the strategy. The project aims to improve the quality of public urban transportation in the area by connecting currently excluded low-income neighborhoods, and by furthering the development of a fully integrated urban transportation system.
Salvador Metro system is one of the systems of urban mobility that were deployed for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. The connection of Line 2 with Line 1 of Salvador Metro contributes to connect the International Airport to Downtown Salvador and the Fonte Nova Stadium. The new Line 2 of Salvador Metro integrates the metro stations of the Rótula do Abacaxi and the beach city of Lauro de Freitas in the metropolitan area, passing through the Salvador International Airport, with the Airport metro station.
The current route of Line 1 begins at the underground Lapa station, and runs for 1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi) in subway tunnels, before emerging to the surface. Brotas station (which serves the Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova stadium) is elevated, while Acesso Norte Station and Retiro stations are at-grade.
With Line 1 fully operational over its whole course from Lapa to Pirajá as of December 2015[update], it is 11.9-kilometre (7.4 mi) long (with 1.4 kilometres (0.87 mi) underground, 4.8 kilometres (3.0 mi) elevated, with the rest at grade), and serves eight stations.
The following lists the current, and planned, stations of the Salvador Metro, by their opening date:
- Lapa Station ("Estação da Lapa") - access by Bus Terminal of Lapa ("Terminal Rodoviário da Lapa")
- Campo da Pólvora Station ("Estação do Campo da Pólvora") - access by two sides of Dom Pedro II Square ("Praça Dom Pedro II")
- Brotas Station ("Estação de Brotas") - access by Av. Mario Leal Ferreira or by Rua das Pitangueiras
- Acesso Norte Station ("Estação Acesso Norte") - access by walkway of Shopping Bela Vista and BR-324 Highway
- Retiro Station ("Estação do Retiro") - access by Baixa de Santo Antônio Street ("Rua Baixa de Santo Antônio")
- Bom Juá (in operation)
- Bonocô (in operation)
- Iguatemi Bus Terminal ("Rodoviária Iguatemi") – New Downtown
- Centro Administrativo da Bahia
- Bairro da Paz
- Salvador International Airport
- Lauro de Freitas
- "CCR Metrô Bahia". Grupo CCR. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
- "Com Pirajá, metrô de Salvador chega a 12km: 'momento histórico', diz Dilma" [With Pirajá, Salvador subway reaches 12 km, 'historic moment', says Dilma]. globo.com (in Portuguese). December 22, 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
- Keith Barrow (June 11, 2014). "Salvador metro opens in time for World Cup". International Railway Journal. Simmons-Boardman Publishing Inc. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
- "Perto da Copa, Salvador vai ganhar 7 km de trecho de metrô após 14 anos" [Near the Cup, Salvador will gain 7 km stretch metro after 14 years]. globo.com (in Portuguese). May 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-12.
Salvador Metro began operation June 11, 2014.
- Smith, Kevin (December 23, 2015). "Salvador finally opens original Line 1". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
- "Seis trens são levados para estação de metrô em Salvador" [Six trains are brought into the subway station in Salvador]. globo.com (in Portuguese). August 20, 2010. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- Schwandl, Robert. "Salvador". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2014-09-01.
- "Project Brief (Metro de Salvador S.A. (Metrosal))". Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency World Bank Group.
- "Metrô deve chegar a Salvador antes da Copa" [Metro is expected to come to Salvador before the World Cup]. portal2014.org.br (in Portuguese). November 15, 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Estações" [Stations] (in Portuguese). Metrô de Salvador. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Perto da Copa, Salvador vai ganhar 7 km de trecho de metrô após 14 anos" [Close to the Cup, Salvador will gain 7 km stretch of metro after 14 years]. globo.com (in Portuguese). May 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "Inaugurada estação do metrô de Bom Juá; cobrança deve ser em junho" [Inaugurated Bom Juá Metro station]. globo.com (in Portuguese). April 23, 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-12.
- "Estação do metrô na Bonocô é inaugurada". Portal A TARDE. November 13, 2015. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
- "Governo lança edital de licitação para metrô de Salvador" [Government launches bidding for Salvador Metro]. globo.com (in Portuguese). May 24, 2013. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
Media related to Salvador Metro at Wikimedia Commons