Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán

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Prince of Iturbide
Salvador de Iturbide y de Marzan.JPG
Born (1849-09-28)28 September 1849
Mexico City, Mexico
Died 26 February 1895(1895-02-26) (aged 45)
Ajaccio, Corsica
Spouse Baroness Gizella Mikos
Issue Maria Josepha Sophia de Iturbide
Maria Gizella Anna de Iturbide
Maria Terézia de Iturbide
Full name
Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán
Imperial House Habsburg-Iturbide
Father Salvador de Iturbide y Huarte
Mother María del Rosario de Marzán y Guisasola
Religion Roman Catholicism
Salvador de Iturbide. Engraving in Le Monde illustré, 16 December 1865.

Don Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán, Prince of Iturbide (18 September 1849 in Mexico City – 26 February 1895 in Ajaccio, Corsica)[1] was the grandson of Agustín de Iturbide, the first emperor of independent Mexico, and his consort Empress Ana María. He became the adopted son, along with his cousin Agustín de Iturbide y Green, of Mexico's only other royal heads of state—Emperor Maximilian I and Empress Carlota of Mexico.


Salvador de Iturbide y Marzán, born into the Mexican nobility, was the son of Emperor Agustin I's third son Prince Salvador of Mexico and Rosario de Marzán y Guisasola.


When Maximilian and Carlota ascended the throne of Mexico in 1863 with the support of the French troops of Napoleon III, the new monarchs invited the Iturbide family back to Mexico. As it became clear that Maximilian and Carlota could have no children together, they offered to adopt Salvador along with his cousin, Agustín de Iturbide y Green.[2] They formally adopted the cousins and granted them the title Prince de Iturbide and style of Highness by imperial decree on 16 September 1865. Salvador and his cousin were ranked after the reigning family.[3]

Early years[edit]

His adoptive mother, Empress Carlota, sent him to France, where he lived at Paris until 1867, when he moved to Hungary. After seeking the right to a pension as an heir to the Mexican throne, he was awarded one by the Emperor Franz Joseph, Emperor Maximilian's brother; Don Salvador regularly petitioned to have it increased.[4]


In Vienna Itúrbide became the friend of a young Hungarian aristocrat, Baron Gyula Gáspár Mikos de Taródhaza who had just returned from a long trip through South America. Itúrbide was invited to the Mikos family estate in Mikosdpuszta, where he was introduced to Baroness Gizella Mikos. On 21 June 21, 1871 Don Salvador and Baroness Gizela were married at the Mikosdpuszta mansion. They had a daughter, Maria Josepha Sophia de Iturbide.

Following the marriage the pair lived in Mikosdpuszta, but the owner of the estate, Baron János Mikos, sold the castle in 1881. Itúrbide and his wife moved to Venice and lived in a palace, rented to Count Zeno. In this place, he became a close friend of Carlos, Duke of Madrid, the Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne.

Awards and death[edit]

He was a member of the Order of the Grand Cross of Our Lady of Guadalupe and awarded with the Personal Order of Charles (the Duke of Madrid).

While visiting Corsica, he became sick and died of a ruptured appendix.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ RATZ, Konrad; Patricia González de Valadez (2008). Tras las huellas de un desconocido: nuevos datos y aspectos de Maximiliano de Habsburgo (in Spanish). Siglo XXI. p. 246. ISBN 978-968-23-2749-0. 
  2. ^ Archivo General de la Nación (Mexico) (1949). Boletín del Archivo General de la Nación (in Spanish). Archivo General de la Nación. 
  3. ^ (in Spanish) Wikisource link to Decreto Imperial del 16 de Septiembre de 1865. Wikisource. 
  4. ^ Casa Imperial, Don Salvador

External links[edit]