List of Salvadoran Departments by Human Development Index

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El Salvador has a HDI of 0.695-medium (2nd in Central America, Costa Rica has 1st with 0.740) and a population of est.8,173,402. Though it has the third highest population in Central America, it is the smallest country, with eight million people living in its area of 21,000sq km (13,048sq mi). This document lists all of the fourteen departments of El Salvador in order of the highest to lowest human development index.[1]

World Trade Center in (1st) San Salvador
Santa Tecla Cathedral in (2nd) La Libertad
Acajutla port in (4th) Sonsonate
view of the capital city of (6th) San Miguel
Ataco Village in (9th) Ahuachapán
Construction of La Union Port, built to develop the department of (12th) La Union


Place Departament Capital HDI Estimated Population 2010
Very High
1st San Salvador Department San Salvador 0.795 2,995,787
2nd La Libertad Department Santa Tecla, El Salvador 0.768 842,624
3rd Santa Ana Department Santa Ana, El Salvador 0.740 630,903
4th Sonsonate Department Sonsonate 0.731 518,522
5th Cuscatlán Cojutepeque 0.727 231,480
6th San Miguel Department San Miguel, El Salvador 0.713 454,003
7th La Paz Department Zacatecoluca 0.707 318,107
8th Usulután Department Usulután 0.698 464,883
9th Ahuachapán Department Ahuachapán 0.694 377,141
10th San Vicente Department San Vicente, El Salvador 0.688 230,205
11th Chalatenango Department Chalatenango 0.682 274,878
12th La Unión Department La Unión, El Salvador 0.675 372,271
13th Cabañas Sensuntepeque 0.662 214,150
14th Morazán San Francisco Gotera 0.642 251,447


  1. ^ Informe Nacional de Desarrollo Humano 2008 Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo.