Salvia aegyptiaca

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Salvia aegyptiaca
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Salvia
Species: S. aegyptiaca
Binomial name
Salvia aegyptiaca
L.

Salvia aegyptiaca (Egyptian sage) is a herbaceous plant species belonging to the Lamiaceae family.

Distribution[edit]

S. aegyptiaca is found in the Cape Verde Islands, Canary Islands, NW and N. Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Arabian peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India.[1]

Morphology[edit]

It is herbaceous, with erect-ascending stems. The leaves are oblong to linear-elliptic, rugulose, serrated. This species has inflorescences of simple racemes, sometimes branched. Bracts are present. The corolla has a blue-violet color.[1]

Pharmacognosy[edit]

Salvia aegyptiaca has been studied due to its uses in folk medicine in the Old World to treat diarrhoea, gonorrhoea and haemorrhoids, plus it has been used as demulcent, antispasmodic, cicatrizant, antiseptic and stomachic. Its non-polar extracts have been tested as antimicrobial and these presented inhibitory activity against Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus.[2]

6-Methylcryptoacetalide, aegyptinones A and B, 6-methyl-epicryptoacetalide and 6-methylcryptotanshinone have been isolated from this species.[3]

Aegyptinones

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flora of Pakistan http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=250090589 Jan 29/2012
  2. ^ Sabri et al. J. Org. Chem. (1989),54,4097-4099
  3. ^ Yousuf et al. Phytochemistry (2002),51,361–365