Salyan, Azerbaijan

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Official seal of Salyan
Salyan is located in Azerbaijan
Coordinates: 39°35′42″N 48°58′45″E / 39.59500°N 48.97917°E / 39.59500; 48.97917Coordinates: 39°35′42″N 48°58′45″E / 39.59500°N 48.97917°E / 39.59500; 48.97917
Azerbaijan  Azerbaijan
Rayon Salyan
Population (2008)
 • Total 36,100
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Salyan (Azerbaijani: Salyan), is a city in and the seat of the Salyan Rayon of Azerbaijan.[1] The city of Salyan is industrialized and known for processing caviar.[2][3]


The city has been a continuous settlement of sal tribe, after whom the city named and occupied by Kura river.[4] Salyan was part of Quba Khanate during 1680 to 1782 and ruled by various khans.[5]

Throughout its history, Salyan has suffered from floods because of its proximity to the river and the relatively low elevation of most of the town.[6]



Administrative divisions[edit]

The municipality of Salyan consists of the city of Salyan. The mayor, presently Tahir Karimov, embodies the executive power of the city.[7]

List of City's mayors[edit]

Salyan Khanate[edit]

  • (1729–1748) Hasanbay Khan[8]
  • (1748–1757) Ibrahim Khan Rudbary[8]
  • (1757–1768) Kalb Ali Khan[8]
  • (1768–1782) Qubad Khan[8]

Azerbaijani SSR[edit]

  • (1920) Yusif Gasimov[8]
  • (1961–1966) Huseyn Huseynov[8]

Azerbaijan Republic[edit]

  • (1993) A.Yusubov[8]
  • (1993–2004) Valihat Azizov[8]
  • (2004) Yusif Alakbarov[8]
  • (2004–2009) Rasim Bashirov[8]
  • (2009–2011) Aliagha Huseynov[8]
  • (2011–present) Tahir Karimov[8]




Salyan was home to former football teams Plastik Salyan and Mughan. Mughan through its history played in the Azerbaijan Premier League.[9]


Public transport[edit]

Salyan has a large urban transport system, mostly managed by the Ministry of Transportation.


Notable residents[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Category:People from Salyan, Azerbaijan.

Some of the city's many prestigious residents include: philosopher Ali bey Huseynzade, mathematician Vagif Guliyev, lieutenant general Rail Rzayev, poet Khalil Rza Uluturk and footballer Samadagha Shikhlarov.


External links[edit]