Salzburg-Tyrol Railway

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Salzburg-Tyrol Railway
EC 163 bei Fieberbrunn, 08.12.2016.jpg
EC 163 Transalpin passes the Kaiser Mountains.
Overview
Native name Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn
Type Heavy rail, Passenger/Freight rail
Intercity rail, Regional rail, Commuter rail
Status Operational
Locale Salzburg
Tyrol
Termini Salzburg Hauptbahnhof
Wörgl Hauptbahnhof
Stations 55
Line number 101 03
Operation
Opened Stages between 1873–1875
Owner Austrian Federal Railways
Operator(s) Austrian Federal Railways
Technical
Line length 191.730 km (119.135 mi)
Number of tracks Double track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius 200 m
Electrification 15 kV/16.7 Hz AC Overhead line
Operating speed 140 km/h (87 mph)
Maximum incline 2.6 %
Route number 200 (Freilassing – Saalfelden)
201 (Saalfelden - Innsbruck Hbf)
Route map

from Rosenheim
0,000 Salzburg Hauptbahnhof S2   S3 ,
Transition to the  S1 426 m (AA)
(junction with Lokalbahn to Lamprechtshausen)
Western Railway to Vienna West
2.100 Salzburg Sam S3  since 2004
link line to the Western Railway after branch-off to Hallwang-E.
2.401 Salzburg Gnigl Vbf
2.975 Salzburg Gnigl S3  since 2003
3.495 Salzburg Gnigl Vbf Einfahrgruppe
4.490 Salzburg Parschsince 2003  S3 
5.756 Salzburg Aigen S3 
7.927 Salzburg Süd S3 
8.092 Hellbrunn-Glasenbach28.05.1978 closed
8.988 Elsbethen S3  429 m above sea level (AA)
12.203 Salzburg Aigen 5 crossover
13.200 Puch Ursteinsince 2005  S3 
15.255
15.300
Break in kilometrage (-45 m)
14.524 Puch bei Hallein S3 
15.970 Oberalmsince end of 2006  S3 
17.808 Hallein S3  445 m above sea level (AA)
19.350 Hallein Burgfriedsince 2005  S3 
20.923 Bad Vigaun S3 
22.380 Kuchl Garneisince 2005  S3 
22.875 Hallein 3 crossover
25.167 Kuchl Lst(passing loop)
25.580 Kuchl S3 
28.764 Golling-Abtenau S3  468 m above sea level (AA)
Salzach
31.529 siding (passing loop)
31.556 siding (passing loop)
34.464 Golling-Abtenau 2 crossover
Ofenau Tunnel (940 m)
scree protection gallery
38.565 Golling-Abtenau 4 crossover
38.673 Sulzau Lst(passing loop)
41.699
41.723
break in kilometrage (-24 m)
42.236 Tenneck S3  519 m above sea level (AA)
( Konkordia Hut to 26 September 1971)
45.212 Werfen S3  526 m above sea level (AA)
46.604 Pfarrwerfen S3  528 m above sea level (AA)
Rupertus Tunnel (327 m)
51.735
52.000
break in kilometrage (-265 m)
Enns Valley Railway to Selzthal
52.305 Bischofshofen S3  544 m above sea level (AA)
55.272 Mitterberghütten S3  550 m above sea level (AA)
55.386 siding (passing loop)
56.882 Bischofshofen 2 crossover
61.266 St. Johann im Pongau S3  565 m above sea level (AA)
Salzach
66.546 Schwarzach-St. Veit S3  590 m above sea level (AA)
Tauern Railway to Spittal-Millstättersee
Schwarzach Tunnel (190 m)
Thumesbach Tunnel (380 m)
Blaue Wand Tunnel (370 m)
Salzach
74.978 Lend 634 m above sea level (AA)
Salzach
Salzach
79.040 Eschenau 673 m above sea level (AA)
81.9 Kitzlochklamm(closed)
Taxenbach Tunnel (277 m)
84.328 Taxenbach-Rauris 718 m above sea level (AA)
86.371 siding (passing loop of former saw mill)
88.875 Gries im Pinzgau 744 m above sea level (AA)
Salzach
93.734 Bruck-Fusch 757 m above sea level (AA)
former siding to Kaprun hydropower plant
Salzach
~96.6 Zell am See Süd(planned)
Pinzgauer Lokalbahn to Krimml (760mm gauge)
99.414 Zell am See 752 m above sea level (AA)
102.139 siding (passing loop for Hagleitner company)
103.944 crossover Zell am See 2
104.000 Maishofen-Saalbach 765 m above sea level (AA)
104.041 Lst Maishofen-Saalbach(passing loop)
106.750
106.823
break in kilometrage (-73 m)
108.004 Gerling im Pinzgau 748 m above sea level (AA)
110.950
111.050
break in kilometrage (-100 m)
~112.000 former siding (600mm) for Strabag diabase works
112.335 Saalfelden S6  728 m above sea level (AA)
~113.000 siding (passing loop) for Strabag diabase works
118.150 Leogang-Steinberge S6  796 m above sea level (AA)
120.483 Leogang S6  840 m above sea level (AA)
120.825 Saalfelden 2 crossover
123.076 Hüttenclosed 14.12.2008 885 m above sea level (AA)
126.312 Berg Grießenclosed 28.05.1995 946 m above sea level (AA)
sidingen (passing loop)
130.141 Hochfilzen S6  970 m above sea level (AA)
134.400 Pfaffenschwendt S6  888 m above sea level (AA)
139.357 Fieberbrunn S6  783 m above sea level (AA)
141.970
142.050
break in kilometrage (-80 m)
144.475 Grieswirt S6  687 m above sea level (AA)
147.675 St. Johann in Tirol S6  663 m above sea level (AA)
150.295 siding (passing loop) for the firm of Egger
151.959 Oberndorf in Tirol S6  688 m above sea level (AA)
153.783 siding (passing loop) Hartsteinwerke Kitzbühel
153.783 siding (passing loop) Unterwerk Kitzbühel
157.077 Kitzbühel S6  773 m above sea level (AA)
159.541 Kitzbühel Hahnenkamm S6  773 m above sea level (AA)
161.442 Schwarzsee S6  772 m above sea level (AA)
164.175 Klausenclosed on 31.03.1951
166.385 Kirchberg in Tirol S6  820 m above sea level (AA)
170.065 Brixen im Thale S6  806 m above sea level (AA)
173.097 Westendorf S6  762 m above sea level (AA)
173.591 Kitzbühel 2 branch-off(old Westendorf station)
176.447 Windau S6  723 m above sea level (AA)
Au Tunnel (210 m)
Leidegg Tunnel (327 m)
182.280 Hopfgarten mountain lift S6 
(to 28 May 1961: Hohe Salve mountain lift)
183.447 Hopfgarten S6  589 m above sea level (AA)
former Itter Tunnel (45 m, dismantled in summer 2009)
188.504 Wörgl Süd - Bruckhäusl S6  523 m above sea level (AA)
(to 14 December 2008: Bruckhäusl)
188.975 Hopfgarten 1 crossover
Lower Inn Valley Railway from Kufstein
192.405 Wörgl Hauptbahnhof S1   S2   S6  505 m above sea level (AA)
Lower Inn Valley Railway to Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof

The Salzburg-Tyrol Railway (German: Salzburg-Tiroler-Bahn) is a main line railway in Austria. It runs through the states of Salzburg and Tyrol (North Tyrol) from the city of Salzburg to Wörgl and belongs to the core network (Kernnetz) of the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB). The section between Salzburg and Schwarzach-Sankt Veit is part of the Salzburg S-Bahn urban railway network.

Course[edit]

The standard gauge line runs along the Salzach valley, the Bischofshofen hub being of particular importance as the junction with the Enns Valley Railway to Selzthal in Styria. At the Wörgl terminus, the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway meets the Lower Inn Valley Railway running from the Tyrolean capital Innsbruck to the German border at Kufstein and the Deutsches Eck transport link.

The line has been upgraded to double track throughout and both tracks may be worked in bi-directional running. The entire route is electrified and is powered by 15,000 Volt alternating current and a frequency of 16.7 Hertz. In particular the S-train section from Salzburg Hauptbahnhof to the southern branch-off of the Tauern Railway line at Schwarzach-St. Veit was given a major upgrade and, in places, entirely rebuilt and re-routed.

Names[edit]

It is (and was[1]) also known as the Gisela Railway (Giselabahn), after Archduchess Gisela of Austria, the second daughter of Emperor Franz Joseph I and his wife Elisabeth. Today it is frequently considered to be a continuation of the Western Railway from Vienna to Salzburg; the whole railway line from Wien Westbahnhof to Salzburg and Wörgl is also referred to as Empress Elisabeth Railway (Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Bahn). The westernmost Zell am See–Wörgl section in Tyrol is also called Brixental Railway.

History[edit]

Wörgl Station, about 1900

The Salzburg-Tyrol Railway was built from 1873 to 1875 on the basis of the "Concession Authority dated 10th November 1872 for the Limited Company of the Privileged Empress Elisabeth Railway for the Construction and Operation of a Locomotive Railway Running from Upper Styria to Salzburg and North Tyrol".[2][3] It runs from Salzburg via Hallein, Bischofshofen, St. Johann im Pongau, Schwarzach-St. Veit, Zell am See, Hochfilzen, St. Johann in Tirol and Kitzbühel to Wörgl.

The north ramp of the Tauern Railway, from Schwarzach-Sankt Veit station on the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway up to Bad Gastein, opened on 20 September 1905. The southern continuation across the main chain of the Alps to Spittal in the Drava Valley, including the Tauern Railway Tunnel, was inaugurated by Emperor Franz Joseph on 5 July 1909. By 1915 the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway was upgraded to double track and, in 1925, electrification of the line began, finished in 1930. Towards the end of World War II, the railway became a target for Allied bombing due to its strategic importance.

Operation[edit]

ÖBB EuroCity train near Pfarrwerfen.
Bombardier Talent railcar near Brixen im Thale

Up to today, the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway is the only east-west railway link to Tyrol that runs entirely on Austrian territory. The fact that there is no parallel motorway link on national territory gave the line great importance, especially before Austria's accession to the EU in 1995. However, its significance is increasingly on the wane, partly because it has the characteristics of an Alpine railway with steep hills and tight curves, hence high-speed rail transport is not possible. Austrian east-west trains therefore usually use the route from Salzburg via Rosenheim station in Germany to Innsbruck, transiting the Deutsches Eck link.

The line is important, though, especially for regional services, as part of the connexion from Innsbruck to the state capitals Klagenfurt and Graz as well as part of the line from Salzburg to Graz (via the Enns Valley Railway). In addition, the only Austrian coach transport service from North Tyrol to Lienz in East Tyrol leaves from Kitzbühel station on the Salzburg-Tyrol Railway. The line is also fairly important as an alternative route for international rail traffic on the east-west axis, but it is more significant as a feeder for the Tauern Railway crossing the Hohe Tauern range of the Central Eastern Alps from north to south. The Salzburg-Tyrol Railway is also used by sleeping car trains. The night train from Bregenz to Vienna used to run on this line until December 2008, in order to achieve journey times that enabled passengers to spend enough time in the sleepers and to save the rail tolls charged by German Deutsche Bahn railway company for using the Deutsches Eck transport link.

The railway is also important for local services in the central region of Salzburg and in North Tyrol. Between Salzburg Hauptbahnhof and Golling-Abtenau the line is worked every half-an-hour and from Golling to Schwarzach every hour by the S3 line of the Salzburg S-Bahn network. The section from Wörgl to Saalfelden is served by the S6 line of Tyrol S-Bahn system.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Volkswirthschaftliche Zeitung. (Giselabahn.) Das Vaterland, 15. November 1872 [1]
  2. ^ R. G. Bl. No. 170/1872
  3. ^ Volkswirthschaftliche Zeitung. (Giselabahn.) Das Vaterland, 31 December 1872 [2]

Literature[edit]

  • Alfred Horn: Die Eisenbahnen in Austria: Offizielles Jubiläumsbuch zum 150jährigen Bestehen, Bohmann Verlag 1986, ISBN 3-700206-43-7
  • Eisenbahnatlas Austria, Verlag Schweers + Wall, S. 63, ISBN 978-3894941284
  • Alfred Horn: ÖBB Handbuch 1993, Bohmann Verlag, Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-7002-0824-3

Coordinates: 47°29′30″N 12°03′40″E / 47.49167°N 12.06111°E / 47.49167; 12.06111