Salzburg Global Seminar

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Salzburg Global Seminar
2013 SGS Logo.jpg
Founded 1947, Incorporated 1950
Founder
  • Clemens Heller
  • Richard D. Campbell, Jr.
  • Scott Elledge
Type Non-profit organization
(IRS exemption status): 501(c)(3)
Focus Education, health care, culture, economics, geopolitics, justice, sustainability
Location
Area served
Global
Key people
Stephen Salyer, President and CEO
Heather Sturt Haaga, Chair of the Board
Website www.salzburgglobal.org/
Formerly called
The Harvard Student Council's Salzburg Seminar in American Civilization
(1947), Salzburg Seminar in American Studies
(1948–2007), Salzburg Global Seminar
(2007–present)

Salzburg Global Seminar is a non-profit organization that hosts programs on global topics as diverse as health care, education, culture, economics, geopolitics, LGBT issues, justice, and sustainability.[1][2] Its objective is to "challenge present and future leaders to solve issues of global concern"[3] through programs held at Schloss Leopoldskron, in Salzburg, Austria, and in other locations throughout the world. It has hosted more than 500 sessions, consisting of more than 30,000 participants from 169 countries, since its establishment in 1947.[4][5]

Organizational history[edit]

In 1946, Clemens Heller, a native Austrian attending graduate school at Harvard University, "envisioned a cultural bridge spanning the Atlantic not only by introducing the demoralized Europeans to all sorts of American cultural achievements, but also by stimulating a fruitful exchange between European national cultures and America."[6]

Richard "Dick" Campbell Jr., an undergraduate student and Scott Elledge, an English instructor also at Harvard, became allies in the realization of this project. Though Harvard was unwilling to support the project, they were able to convince the Harvard Student Council to be the official sponsors of the Seminar.[7] The three founders raised the majority of funds. It was also necessary for the trio to obtain permission from the State Department for entrance into Allied Occupied Austria.[8]

Legend contends that in 1947, Heller bumped into Helene Thimig on a subway train in New York. The widow of theater producer, Max Reinhardt, had been friends with Heller's parents before the war and had a summer home in Salzburg named Schloss Leopoldskron.[1][2]

Schloss Leopoldskron

Heller explained his plans and Thimig said she would rent Max’s Schloss at a low rate for the purpose of a summer school.[9] Dick Campbell is quoted as saying "We hope to create at least one small center in which young Europeans from all countries, and of all political convictions, could meet for a month in concrete work under favorable living conditions, and to lay the foundation for a possible permanent center of intellectual discussion in Europe."[10]

The first session, officially called "The Harvard Student Council's Salzburg Seminar in American Civilization,"[11] lasted six weeks in the summer of 1947 and brought together men and women from eighteen countries, including countries from behind the Iron Curtain.[12][13] Faculty for the first session included literary historian F. O. Matthiessen; anthropologist Margaret Mead; economists Walt Rostow and Wassily Leontief; writer and literary critic Alfred Kazin among others.[14]

The Seminar was formally incorporated on April 20, 1950. Dexter Perkins, Frederick Muhlhauser, Herbert Gleason, Clyde and Florence Kluckhohn, Wassily Leontief and Richard Campbell all signed the papers of the Salzburg Seminar in American Studies.[15] By 1950, the Seminar developed into more than a summer school and session topics were expanded beyond American Studies.[16]

During President Tuthill’s second year, he told the Board that in 1979 "American Law would be the only ‘American’ subject offered."[17] The Seminar had become so global in focus, that he twice urged that the Seminar be renamed "Salzburg Seminar in International Studies."[18] In 2007, the Seminar changed its name to the Salzburg Global Seminar in order to better reflect the increasingly global, rather than American, outlook of the Seminar and the focus of its course offerings.[19]

Although the Seminar grew to include a more global focus, American Studies themes continued to be present at Salzburg Global Seminar. In 1994, the Seminar returned to its roots by establishing the American Studies Center. From 1994 to 2002 thirty-two sessions on American themes were held. In 2003 the Salzburg Seminar American Studies Association (SSASA) was created. SSASA organizes a yearly symposium devoted to a broad American Studies theme such as politics, literature, history or cultural studies.[20][21]

Today, Salzburg Global Seminar holds sessions that focus "on critical issues confronting the global community, covering topics as diverse as health care and education, culture and economics, geopolitics and philanthropy... Seminars are designed to be participatory: prompting candid dialogue, fresh thinking and constantly in the search for innovative but practical solutions."[22]

Home of the Salzburg Global Seminar[edit]

Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg Count Leopold Anton Eleutherius von Firmian (1679-1744) commissioned Schloss Leopoldskron in 1736.[23] The chapel of Leopoldskron was consecrated in 1744.[24] Archbishop von Firmian handed the Fideikommiss charter to his nephew, Lakantz, Count of Firmian.[25] The Archbishop died in October 1744, and was buried in the Salzburg's cathedral while his heart was interred in Leopoldskron's chapel.[26] The Schloss remained in the possession of the Firmian family until 1837. It was then sold to the owner of a local shooting gallery, George Zierer, who stripped the palace of most of its valuable interior decorations, including paintings, etchings, and sculptures.[27]

The Schloss had several owners during the 19th century (including two waiters who wanted to use it as a hotel, ex-King Ludwig I of Bavaria and a banker)[28] until it was bought in 1918 by the famous theatre director Max Reinhardt, co-founder of the Salzburg Festival.[29] During World War II the Schloss was confiscated as Jewish property. After the war, and Max Reinhardt's death, the Schloss was returned to the Reinhardt Estate. After two quick sales, first to a bank and then the City of Salzburg, Schloss Leopoldskron was sold to the "Salzburg Seminar in American Studies" in 1959.[30] The purchase price of the Schloss and 17 acres was "$77,000, plus $10,500 in solicitors' fees."[31] In 1973 the adjacent Meierhof, a part of the original Firmian estate, was also purchased by the Seminar.

In 2014, the Meierhof underwent a substantial two-month renovation which incorporated the 18th century style of the Schloss. For instance, the headboards were crafted from historic shutters. In addition, three rooms were created to reference the 1965 movie "The Sound of Music" which was filmed, in part, on the Schloss grounds.[32] In addition to being the home of Salzburg Global Seminar, the Schloss Leopoldskron and the Meierhof now operate as a fully functioning hotel.

Presidents of Salzburg Global Seminar[edit]

Mission[edit]

The mission of Salzburg Global Seminar is to challenge present and future leaders to solve issues of global concern. The Salzburg Global Seminar convenes imaginative thinkers from different cultures and institutions, organizes problem-focused initiatives, supports leadership development, and engages opinion-makers through active communication networks, all in partnership with leading institutions from around the world and across different sectors of society.[33]

Thematic areas[edit]

The seminar’s programs are organized under five thematic headings:

  • Arts and culture
  • Innovation and sustainability
  • Media and citizenship
  • Peace, justice, and security
  • World stability and development

Notable Salzburg Fellows[edit]

Alumni of the Sessions of Salzburg Global Seminar are referred to as Salzburg Global Fellows.The Salzburg Global Fellowship consists of more than 30,000 individuals from 169 countries around the world who have participated in Salzburg Global Seminar programs since 1947.”[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2012 Program". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 14 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "Salzburg Global Seminar - Home". www.salzburgglobal.org. Retrieved 2016-03-01. 
  3. ^ "Mission". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Salzburg Global Seminar - 2016". www.salzburgglobal.org. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  5. ^ "Salzburg Global Seminar - Overview". www.salzburgglobal.org. Retrieved 2016-03-08. 
  6. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 108. 
  7. ^ Eliot, Thomas & Lois (1987). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Forty Years. Ipswich, Mass: The Ipswich Press. p. 14. 
  8. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 109. 
  9. ^ Eliot, Thomas & Lois (1987). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Forty Years. Ipswich, Mass: The Ipswich Press. pp. 10–11. 
  10. ^ Ryback, Timothy W. "The Salzburg Seminar- A Community of Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  11. ^ Unknown. "Seminar Opens Today". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  12. ^ Eliot, Thomas & Lois (1987). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Forty Years. Ipswich, Mass: The Ipswich Press. p. 1. 
  13. ^ Unknown (March 7, 1949). "Salzburg Seminar Opens Third Year". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  14. ^ Ryback, Timothy W. (1997). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Fifty Years. Salzburg: Salzburg Seminar in American Studies. p. 11. 
  15. ^ Eliot, Thomas & Lois (1987). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Forty Years. Ipswich, Mass: The Ipswich Press. p. 35. 
  16. ^ Ryback, Timothy W. (1997). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Fifty Years. Salzburg: Salzburg Seminar in American Studies. p. 41. 
  17. ^ Eliot, Thomas & Lois (1987). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Forty Years. Ipswich, Mass: The Ipswich Press. p. 119. 
  18. ^ Eliot, Thomas & Lois (1987). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Forty Years. Ipswich, Mass: The Ipswich Press. p. 114. 
  19. ^ "2007 President's Report". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "A Long History of American Studies Programs at the Salzburg Global Seminar". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  21. ^ Hallman, Louise (2013). "Why America Still Matters". Salzburg Global Seminar's President's Report. 
  22. ^ "2013 Program" (PDF). Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  23. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 13. 
  24. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 22. 
  25. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 19. 
  26. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 22. 
  27. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. pp. 31–32. 
  28. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 32. 
  29. ^ Max Reinhardt
  30. ^ Ryback, Timothy W. (1997). The Salzburg Seminar: The First Fifty Years. Salzburg: Salzburg Seminar in American Studies. p. 15. 
  31. ^ Thomsen, Christian W. (1983). Leopoldskron. Siegen: Verlag Vorlander. p. 117. 
  32. ^ "Salzburg Global Seminar - History". www.salzburgglobal.org. Retrieved 2016-03-01. 
  33. ^ "Mission". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  34. ^ "The Salzburg Global Fellowship". Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  35. ^ "Kofi Annan Addresses Need for a "uniquely African Green Revolution"". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  36. ^ "Culture and the Arts: Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  37. ^ "From the Archives: Author Saul Bellow writes in 1951". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  38. ^ "American Law and Legal Institutions". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  39. ^ Vigue, Larissa. "Common Ground". Business People-Vermont. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  40. ^ "Session 34 Faculty". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 
  41. ^ "Culture and the Arts: Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  42. ^ "Salzburg Global Seminar Profiles". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  43. ^ "Salzburg Global Seminar Profiles". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  44. ^ "Dartmouth President and SGS Faculty member Jim Yong Kim named World Bank Chief". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  45. ^ "Realizing the Doha Development Agenda as if the Future Mattered". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  46. ^ "Culture and the Arts: Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  47. ^ "Transforming Agricultural Development and Production in Africa: Closing Gender Gaps and Empowering Rural Women in Policy and Practice". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  48. ^ Unknown (May 7, 1949). "Salzburg Group Selects 19-Man Seminar Faculty". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  49. ^ "An International Rule of Law: Balancing Security, Democracy, and Human Rights in an Age of Terrorism". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  50. ^ "Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women in Politics and Business". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  51. ^ "Culture and the Arts: Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  52. ^ "Higher Education: Leadership and Institutional Reform". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  53. ^ "Youth and Civic Participation: Models for Engagement". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  54. ^ "Culture and the Arts: Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  55. ^ "Culture and the Arts: Fellows". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  56. ^ "The "Telling of Lives": Biography as a Mirror on Society". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  57. ^ "The Politics of Water - Addressing Fresh Water Scarcity". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  58. ^ "The Power of Theatre". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  59. ^ "Challenges to the International Monetary System: Rebalancing Currencies, Institutions, and Rules: Faculty". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  60. ^ "What Questions Should Performing Arts Leaders Be Asking Themselves Right Now?". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  61. ^ "The Arts, Religion, and the Shaping of Culture". Salzburg Global Seminar. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  62. ^ "Salzburg Seminar on Genetics". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  63. ^ "Hallman, Louise. The Salzburg Global Chronicle. "President's Report". Salzburg. 2015.". 
  64. ^ "Hallman, Louise. The Salzburg Global Chronicle. "President's Report". Salzburg. 2013.". 
  65. ^ "Governance for Sustainability session opens". Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  66. ^ "Justice Anthony Kennedy: "We are all trustees of freedom"". Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  67. ^ "Russian Civil Society Symposium: Building Bridges to the Future [Session Report 531]" (PDF). Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  68. ^ "Lord Wei: "Education needs to nurture a creative way of thinking"". Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  69. ^ "Justice Stephen Breyer to give this year's Lloyd N. Cutler Lecture". Retrieved 2 March 2016. 
  70. ^ "Strengthening Democracy and Governance: Women and Political Power". Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  71. ^ "Session 458: The United States ain the World". Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  72. ^ "Session 361: Higher Education". Retrieved 8 March 2016. 

External links[edit]