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|Full name||Samuel Chedgzoy|
|Date of birth||27 January 1889|
|Place of birth||Ellesmere Port, England|
|Date of death||7 January 1967(aged 77)|
|Place of death||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Playing position(s)||Wing Forward|
|1926–1930||New Bedford Whalers||164||(21)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Sam Chedgzoy (27 January 1889 – 7 January 1967) was an English footballer who changed the laws of the game. He played professionally for Everton F.C., the New Bedford Whalers and Montreal Carsteel. He also earned eight caps with the English national team.
Born 27 January 1889 in Ellesmere Port, England, Chedgzoy began his professional career with Everton F.C. in 1910, joining the club from amateur side Burnell's Ironworks. He spent sixteen season with the Blues, predominantly was a right wing forward. Everton were runners up in the then top division, Division 1, in the 1911–12 season; and won the championship 1914–15. In total, Chedgzoy made 300 appearances (279 in the league) for Everton. He scored thirty-six goals, with thirty-three coming in league games. Chedgzoy also guested for West Ham United during World War One, making 28 appearances and scoring 14 goals.
American Soccer League
Chedgzoy gained his first taste of Canada while vacationing there in 1922. In 1924, he spent the English League off season as manager of the Grenadier Guards, a Canadian armed forces team which competed in the Interprovincial League. When he left the Whalers in 1930, Len Peto, owner of Montreal Carsteel hired Chedgzoy as the team's player-coach in the National Soccer League. In his ten years with the club, he took them to seven league finals, losing the first four before winning the 1936, 1939 and 1940 titles. He made his final appearance as a player for Carsteel in the Canadian Club Final in 1939 at the age of fifty. He remained in Montreal until his death on 7 January 1967.
Chedgzoy was inducted into the Canadian Soccer Hall of Fame in 2005.
Chedgzoy earned his first cap with England in a 2–1 loss to Wales on 15 March 1920. He went on play a total of eight games with England, his last a 3–1 victory over Northern Ireland on 22 October 1924.
Changing the laws of the game
In 1926, he forced a change in the laws of the game when he almost scored by dribbling the ball in from a corner kick. Contrary to popular belief, he hit the side netting and did not score. Prior to 1924 a goal could only be scored from a corner kick if another player made contact with the ball. In that year, the International Football Association Board (IFAB) changed the laws of football so that a goal could be scored directly from a corner kick (without another player touching the ball). However, the wording of the new law was vague. A Liverpool Echo sports journalist, Ernest Edwards, informed the Everton side of the lack of precision in the new rules. During a game against Woolwich Arsenal, Everton gained a corner kick that Chedgzoy took. Instead of crossing the ball in, he dribbled the ball into the penalty area and nearly scored while the other players and referee looked on in shock – and then he successfully persuaded the referee that the rules permitted this way of scoring a goal. After deliberation by the Football Association, it was decided that the goal was legal, and the law was amended making it clear that the player taking the corner could only strike the ball once before another player must make contact. This ensures that corner kicks cannot become corner dribbles, but also permits a goal to be scored direct from a corner.
- "Football: Remembering an Ellesmere Port football legend – Everton's Sam Chedgzoy". Chester Chronicle. 6 January 2010. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
- Jose, Colin (1998). Keeping Score - Canadian Encyclopedia of Soccer. Vaughan, Ontario: The Soccer Hall of Fame and Museum. p. 144. ISBN 0-9683800-0-X.
- Player Profile Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "Corner kick steals the show". Bangkok Post. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
Up to 1924 there was no rule prohibiting a player taking a corner kick and simply kicking it to himself. However, in that year Everton's Sam Chedgzoy dribbled the ball all the way from the corner arc to the goal and scored against Arsenal, prompting the rules to be hastily changed so that the corner taker must pass it to another player. And that's the way it's been ever since.
- Betts, Graham (2006). England: Player by player. Green Umbrella Publishing. p. 65. ISBN 1-905009-63-1.
- "Samuel Chedgzoy | Service Record | Football and the First World War". Football and the First World War. Retrieved 4 December 2017.