|Born||Samuel Solomon Maloof
January 24, 1916
Chino, California, U.S.
|Died||May 21, 2009
Alta Loma, California, U.S.
|Residence||Alta Loma, California|
Sam Maloof (January 24, 1916 – May 21, 2009) was a furniture designer and woodworker, the first craftsman to receive a MacArthur fellowship. Maloof's work is in the collections of several major American museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. He was described by the N.Y. Times as "a central figure in the postwar American crafts movement".
Early life and education
Maloof was born Samuel Solomon Maloof, a member of the large Maalouf family, in Chino, California, to Lebanese immigrants. Maloof father, Slimen Nasif Nadir Maloof, and mother, Anisse, had immigrated to the U.S. in 1905 from Lebanon, which was at that time a region of the Ottoman Empire. Maloof learned to speak Spanish from a Mexican-born housekeeper and Arabic from his parents even before he learned English. He was engaged in woodworking even as a child, made a broad spatula for his mother for turning bread, carved dollhouse furniture, cars and other toys. He attended high school first at Chaffey High School in Ontario, California, where he took his first woodworking class and was recognized by his art teacher as having extraordinary skill. Later he attended Chino High School.
Shortly after completing high school, Maloof began working in the art department of the Vortox Manufacturing Company in Claremont, California. He was drafted into the United States Army on October 11, 1941.
After finishing high school, Maloof was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1941, soon promoted from private to master sergeant while doing display work in Alaska. He was one of 35,000 WW II troops sent to protect Alaska from the Japanese, an engagement the Allies expected to be a "bloodbath." In actuality, the Japanese forces had left Kiska before the Allies arrived. Maloof was one of the few soldiers who had a camera, and while not trained as a photographer, Maloof took 1,800 photographs which were "alive and clear and informative."
After completing his service, Maloof left the army in 1945 to return to Southern California.
Maloof married Alfreda Louise Ward on June 27, 1948 and the couple moved into a house at 921 Plaza Serena, Ontario, California, where Sam set up a furniture workshop in the garage. Mostly from necessity, Maloof designed and built a suite of furniture for his home using salvaged materials. Commissioned pieces followed and, from 1949 to 1952, Maloof continued working in the garage of his Ontario home. In 1953, Maloof relocated to Alta Loma, California. Over time, he added 16 rooms, including a furniture-making shop and studio, to the original 6-room house. In 2000, when the path of the new CA-210 freeway extension included the Maloof property, the home was moved about 3 miles to its current location at 5131 Carnelian Street (at the northeast corner of the intersection with Hidden Farm Road; ). The Sam and Alfreda Maloof Compound serves as the office of the Sam and Alfreda Maloof Foundation for Arts and Crafts as well as the Sam Maloof Historic Residence and Woodworking Studio, which offers tours.
Maloof's work is in the collections of several major American museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Smithsonian American Art Museum. In 1985 he was awarded a MacArthur "Genius" grant. Presidents Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan have both owned Maloof rockers. He is featured in the 2007 PBS series "Craft in America: Memory, Landscape, Community", produced by Carol Sauvion.
Maloof's chairs, for which he is perhaps most famous, have a sculptural quality about them, yet are also very ergonomic, and austere in their simplicity. They can be characterized by completely rounded over corners at mortise and tenon joints (which are always plainly visible); carved ridges and spines, particularly on the arm rests; decorative Ebony dowels; deep, dished-out seats (always made from several boards glued together); and clear finishes.
Maloof tended to favor only a handful of woods: Black Walnut, Cherry, Oaks, Rosewood and Yew. On larger pieces, he often used Poplar in areas that would not be visible during ordinary use.
He was described by the Smithsonian Institution as "America's most renowned contemporary furniture craftsman" and People magazine dubbed him "The Hemingway of Hardwood." But his business card always said "woodworker." "I like the word," he told a Los Angeles Times reporter, his eyes brightening behind large, owl-eyed glass frames. "It's an honest word."
In 1985 Mr. Maloof became the first craftsman to receive a MacArthur fellowship; and despite such recognition, he declined to identify himself as an artist. His autobiography was titled Sam Maloof: Woodworker.
- "Woodworker to speak at school", Press-Enterprise, October 5, 2006
- Renowned woodworker Sam Maloof dies, Press-Enterprise, May 22, 2009
- Maloof Curriculum Vitae, Sam and Alfreda Maloof Foundation For Arts and Crafts.
- Sam Maloof NY Times, May 27, 2009
- Sam Maloof - Taunton Press
- Sam Maloof The Guardian, May 31, 2009
- Adamson, J., "The Furniture of Sam Maloof", Smithsonian American Art Museum, W. W. Norton & Company, 2001
- War stories: A close-up look at the Aleutian front in WWII Alaska Dispatch News, Jan. 8, 2011
- Grimes, William. "Sam Maloof, Furniture Craftsman, Dies at 93," New York Times. May 28, 2009.
- Harrington, Walt. - "An American Craftsman" - This Old House Magazine - March/April 1998
- Haithman, Diane. "Hommage to hand and heritage". LA Times. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- Janet Eastman, Los Angeles Times, A1, May 23, 2009 L.A. Times Obituarary
- Head, Jeffrey. "The Collector & The Craftsman," Palm Springs Modernism (February 2006), pp. 34–35.
- Maloof, Sam. (1983). Sam Maloof: Woodworker. Tokyo: Kodansha International. ISBN 978-0-87011-910-1; OCLC 9646251
- "Sam Maloof". Smithsonian American Art Museum. Smithsonian Institution.
- "A Visit with Sam Maloof" - D.J. Marks
- Sam and Alfreda Maloof Foundation for Arts and Crafts
- Media related to Maloof Compound (HABS images) at Wikimedia Commons
- Gallery of Pictures of Projects Inspired by Sam Maloof showcased in Fine Woodworking magazine
- Video Library: A Woodworking Experience with Sam Maloof - at the Wood Working Channel
- Sam Maloof dies at 93; designer and builder of simple, beautiful furniture-Los Angeles Times
- Sam Maloof dies at 93; A look inside his workshop
- Sam Maloof: 1916-2009 Fine Woodworking magazine's tribute to Sam Maloof with photos and video.
- on YouTube.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sam Maloof.|