Sam Patch (1799  – November 13, 1829), known as "The Yankee Leaper", became the first famous American daredevil after successfully jumping from a raised platform into the Niagara River near the base of Niagara Falls in 1829.
Sam Patch was born to Mayo Greenleaf Patch and Abigail McIntire and was the fifth child of the family that included Molly, Greenleaf, Nabby, Samuel (died as an infant), Samuel, and Issac.
Sam was raised in Pawtucket, Rhode Island where he began working as a child laborer spinning cotton in a mill. When he was not working, he entertained other boys by jumping off the mill dam. By his early 20s he was working at a mill in Paterson, New Jersey, and was jumping off ever-higher spots. He was beginning to attract crowds for his well-advertised stunts. On September 30, 1827, he jumped off the 70-foot Passaic Falls in New Jersey, pleasing a large crowd that had gathered. He repeated this jump at least two more times. On August 11, 1828 Patch jumped 100 feet at Hoboken, New Jersey. He became known in the press as "Patch the New Jersey Jumper." Patch continued his career jumping from bridges, factory walls, and ship's masts.
In the fall of 1829, Patch gained fame by leaping into the Niagara River near the base of Niagara Falls. Patch was the star attraction at an event designed to draw visitors to the falls. A 125-foot ladder was extended over the river below Goat Island opposite the Cave of the Winds. Less than an hour before the scheduled noon jump, a chain securing the ladder to the cliff wall snapped, breaking 15 feet from the ladder. Rescheduled for 4 PM, Patch jumped on time. A boat circled near the entry point, but Patch did not appear. When he was finally spotted on the shore, a great roar went up from the crowd.
Bad weather and the delay in his arrival drew a disappointingly small crowd for this jump, so Patch announced he would repeat the feat a second time October 17. A few days later, 10,000 gathered to watch him keep his word.
Following his feat at Niagara falls, Sam Patch achieved nationwide fame. His name became a household word and his slogan "some things can be done as well as others" became a popular slang expression across the nation.
Shortly after, Patch went to Rochester, New York, to challenge the 99-foot High Falls of the Genesee River. On Friday, November 6, 1829, in front of an estimated 7,000 to 8,000 spectators, Patch went out onto a rock ledge in the middle of the falls. He first threw a pet bear cub over the falls and the cub managed to swim safely to shore. Patch then successfully jumped after the bear.
His first jump into the Genesee River raised a disappointing amount of money, so he decided to repeat the stunt one week later on November 13, 1829 (Friday the 13th). This time, he increased the height of the jump to 125 feet by constructing a 25-foot stand. Accounts from the 8,000 present differ on whether he actually jumped or fell, but he did not achieve his normal feet-first vertical entry. A loud impact was heard and he never surfaced. Rumors were passed that he had hidden in a cave at the base of the falls, and was enjoying all the excitement he had created. But his frozen body was found in the ice in Charlotte (Rochester) early the next spring by Silas Hudson. Local ministers and newspapers were quick to blame the crowd for urging him to jump, and put the guilt of his death on them.
Sam Patch's legacy continued to build in the years following his death. He became a popular folk hero in both written poems and stories as well as the hero of a series of theatrical plays by actor Dan Marble entitled Sam Patch the Yankee Jumper, followed by Sam Patch at Home, a London Tour of Sam Patch in France, and Sam Patch the Jumper (1844). President Andrew Jackson named his horse Sam Patch in Patch's honor.
His legacy continues into the 21st century with media references including:
- The band Piñataland chronicled Patch's 1827 jump on a song titled "The Fall of Sam Patch" on their 2008 album Songs for the Forgotten Future Vol. 2.
"Sam Patch's Fearsome Leap," a tale in Grandfather Stories by Samuel Hopkins Adams, is a reconstructed first-hand account of the day of Patch's last leap. It is not clear whether Adams based the tale on a real first-hand account or wrote it as historical fiction.
- Johnson, Paul. Sam Patch, the Famous Jumper (New York: Hill and Wang, 2003) ISBN 0-8090-8388-4.
- Rosenberg-Naparsteck, Ruth (Summer 1991). "The Real Simon Pure Sam Patch" (PDF). Rochester History (Rochester Public Library) LII (3). ISSN 0035-7413. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
- Wilson, James Grant; John Fiske (1888). "Patch, Samuel". Appletons' cyclopaedia of American biography IV: 669. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
- Smith, Seba; Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Prince (December 1856). "Life and Death of Sam Patch". United States Magazine (J. M. Emerson & Co.): 567–570. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
- "Sam Patchs Last Leap" (PDF). New York Times. August 12, 1883. Retrieved June 22, 2008.
- Thomas, W. Stephen; Ruth Rosenberg-Naparsteck (October 1988). "Sleep City The Sesquicentenneial History of Mt. Hope Cemetery" (PDF). Rochester History (Rochester Public Library) L (4): 4. ISSN 0035-7413. Retrieved December 31, 2007.
- Redburn (1849) by Herman Melville. Sam Patch is noted in chapters 15 and 24.
- "Sam Patch, the “Jersey Jumper”: The Fall and Rise of Sam Patch" acticle about at WeirdNJ.com
- Episode of the memory palace history podcast about the life and career of Sam Patch.