Samuel R. Watkins

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Samuel R. Watkins
Sam Watkins.jpg
Samuel R. Watkins, c. 1861
Born Samuel Rush Watkins
(1839-06-26)June 26, 1839
Maury County, Tennessee
Died July 20, 1901(1901-07-20) (aged 62)
Maury County, Tennessee
Resting place Zion Cemetery,
Maury County, Tennessee
35°35′55.2″N 87°08′42.0″W / 35.598667°N 87.145000°W / 35.598667; -87.145000
Pen name Sam. R. Watkins
Occupation Clerk, soldier, farmer
Alma mater Jackson College
Period 1881–1900
Notable work Co. Aytch
Years active 1881–1882
Spouse Virginia Mayes
(m. 18651901)
Military career
Allegiance  Confederate States
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–1865
Rank Corporal
Unit Company H, 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment

American Civil War

Samuel R. Watkins (born Samuel Rush Watkins; June 26, 1839 – July 20, 1901) was an American writer and humorist. He fought through the entire Civil War and saw action in many major battles. Today, he is best known for his enduring memoir, "Co. Aytch" (1882), which recounts his life as a soldier in the First Tennessee.[1]


In May 1861, 21 year old Sam Watkins of Maury County, Tennessee, rushed to join the army when his state left the Union. He became part of Company H (or Co. "Aytch," as he called it), 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment, and would fight from Shiloh to Nashville and was one of only seven men who remained in the company when it was surrendered to U.S. Major-General W. T. Sherman in North Carolina, April 1865.[2] When he died at 62, Watkins was buried with full military honors.[1]

"Co. Aytch"[edit]

In 1881, with a "house full of young 'rebels' clustering about my elbows," Watkins began to chronicle his experiences in the First Tennessee Regiment. "Co. Aytch" is considered to be one of the greatest memoirs ever written by a soldier of the field.[2] Originally published as a serial newspaper column from 1881 to 1882 in The Columbia (Tennessee) Herald, his stories were collected and printed in book form in 1882.[1][3][4] The charming prose captures the experience of the common private soldier, from the hardships of camp life to the horrors of battle, the camaraderie of a unit to the loss of a brother, the pride in one's state to the devastation of defeat.[2]


Camp No. 29 (established 1986) of the Sons of Confederate Veterans in Columbia, Tennessee, is named after him.

In popular culture[edit]

Watkins is often featured and quoted in Ken Burns’ 1990 documentary titled The Civil War, and also in the film titled Civil War: The Untold Story[5] (See specific quotes from Watkins in Wikiquotes [1].)

The song "Kennesaw Line" by Don Oja-Dunaway, tells a heart-breaking vignette of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain on the morning of June 27, 1864, from the perspective of Sam Watkins, with part of the lyrics directly paraphrasing his description from the book "Company Aytch" (see the section entitled "Dead Angle, on the Kennesaw Line").[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Watkins, Sam (2015) [1st pub. Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House:1882]. Furman, Katherine, ed. Co. "Aytch": The First Tennessee Regiment or a Side Show to the Big Show (Complete Illustrated ed.). Minneapolis, Minn.: Zenith Press. Back cover. ISBN 978-0-7603-4775-1. OCLC 928999663. 
  2. ^ a b c Watkins, Sam (2015) [1st pub. Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House:1882]. Furman, Katherine, ed. Co. "Aytch": The First Tennessee Regiment or a Side Show to the Big Show (Complete Illustrated ed.). Minneapolis, Minn.: Zenith Press. Front cover. ISBN 978-0-7603-4775-1. OCLC 928999663. 
  3. ^ Leigh, Phil (March 15, 2013). "Private Watkins's War". The New York Times. Disunion. Retrieved August 23, 2016. 
  4. ^ Watkins, Sam. R. (1882). 1861 vs. 1882. "Co. Aytch," Maury Grays, First Tennessee Regiment; or, A Side Show to the Big Show. Nashville, Tenn.: Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House. LCCN 02017896. 
  5. ^ Civil War: The Untold Story .
  6. ^ For example, in the book he wrote, "On that awful day the sun rose in a clear and cloudless sky; the heavens seemed made of brass and the earth of hot iron." Watkins, Sam. R. (1882). "Co. Aytch", or, A Side Show of the Big Show and Other Sketches. Retrieved October 8, 2014.  The corresponding lyrics:

    Well the sun rose high above us that morning
    On a clear and cloudless day
    A peckerwood, he tapped on a tree
    That would soon be shot away
    The heat blistered down through the leaves on the trees
    The air seemed hot enough to catch fire
    Heaven seemed to be made of brass
    The sun rose higher and higher

    "Kennesaw Line". Retrieved 8 Oct 2014.  The best-known version of this song is sung by Claire Lynch on the album "Lines & Traces" by the Front Porch String Band."Bluegrass Today". 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]