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Sam Ratulangi International Airport

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Sam Ratulangi International Airport
Bandar Udara Internasional Sam Ratulangi
Samratulangilogo.png
Sam ratulangi international airport.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator PT Angkasa Pura I
Serves Manado
Location Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 81 m / 266 ft
Coordinates 1°32′57″N 124°55′35″E / 1.54917°N 124.92639°E / 1.54917; 124.92639Coordinates: 1°32′57″N 124°55′35″E / 1.54917°N 124.92639°E / 1.54917; 124.92639
Website www.samratulangi-airport.com
Maps
Sulawesi region in Indonesia
Sulawesi region in Indonesia
MDC is located in Manado
MDC
MDC
MDC is located in Sulawesi
MDC
MDC
MDC (Sulawesi)
MDC is located in Indonesia
MDC
MDC
MDC (Indonesia)
MDC is located in Southeast Asia
MDC
MDC
MDC (Southeast Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 2,650 8,934 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 3,671,997
Aircraft movements 18.660
Cargo 13.443.877

Sam Ratulangi International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Sam Ratulangi) (IATA: MDC, ICAO: WAMM), is located in North Sulawesi, 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) northeast of Manado. The airport is named after the Minahasan educator and independence hero Sam Ratulangi. It is designated as one of the 11 main entry ports to Indonesia by the Ministry of Tourism and Culture of Indonesia and serves as the main gateway to the Bunaken National Marine Park. It is currently the hub of Lion Air/Wings Air for the northeastern part of Indonesia and is one of the focus cities of Garuda Indonesia and Citilink. It is served by international airlines.

History

Minister of State of East Indonesia President Anak Anak Agung Gde Agung was greeted at Mapanget field in 1948

Sam Ratulangi Airport was originally built by the Japanese in 1942 with a runway length of 700 meters and width of 23 meters and it was named Airfield Mapanget. When the upheaval People's Movement (PERMESTA), Central Army troops renamed this airport as Air Field Tugiman, to commemorate a soldier Sergeant Major Tugiman who died while fighting on Mapanget.

The airport was renamed to Airfield Mapanget because its existence at that time in Wanua Mapanget, Onderdistik Tatelu. Over time, there was a change in the mention of this airport into Airfield A. A. Maramis, as it was used as the name of the highway from the airport to Manado.

Finally, to commemorate the National Hero of Indonesia from Minahasa - North Sulawesi (Sulawesi) called Dr. Saul Grunt Jacob Samuel Ratulangi, this airport by government was named Sam Ratulangi Airfield later known until recently as the Sam Ratulangi Airport.

In 1994 the airport Sam Ratulangi International airport was classified as a class 1B. Along with Indonesia's economic growth is increasing and to improve the quality of flight services, the runway was extended to 2,650 meters long and 45 meters wide. With the expansion of this runway, the Sam Ratulangi Airport Manado were able to accommodate aircraft types, like Airbus A300, Airbus A320 and DC-10.

As the government's efforts to develop the airport in 1990, Sam Ratulangi Airport is managed by PT. Angkasa Pura I (Persero) as a State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs). With the aim to build the economy, providing low in expediting air transportation facilities. In an effort to anticipate the needs of air transport, so that made the development of Sam Ratulangi Airport Manado to build the airport facility development projects undertaken by airport facilities and Flight Safety (FBUKP) and operated since end of 2000. The handover was taken operationally from DGCA to PT. Angkasa Pura I (Persero) on December 18, 2003.

Facilities

Waiting Room Atmosphere

Cargo facilities

The 3,546 m2 cargo terminal has an annual capacity of 7,840 tonnes (17,284,000 lbs), a 2,280 m2 (24,541 sq ft) warehouse, a bonded warehouse, a transit zone, a Free Port/Foreign Trade Zone, an EU border post, aircraft maintenance, mechanical handling, an animal quarantine, fresh meat inspection, livestock handling, health officials, security for valuables, dangerous goods, radioactive goods, very large/heavy cargo, and an express/courier center.

Upgrades

Construction began in 1998 on a new terminal with funds from the Asian Development Bank and Government of Indonesia. It cost US$7,6 million to develop the terminal's air side section and US$13 million to build its land side section. In 2001, the new terminal opened featuring 21 check-in counters, 5 gates, 4 airbridges, 2 baggage claim belts and an outdoor waving gallery on top of the 3-story terminal building. Its 4,044 m2 international passenger terminal may serve up to 183,000 passengers annually while the 14,126 m2 domestic passenger terminal serves up to 1,3 million passengers/year. During peak hours the terminal may serve up to 2,816 passengers simultaneously. The 54,300 m2 apron can hold up to 4 wide body aircraft and 11 medium and small body aircraft.

New and old tower

A minor upgrade had been done prior to the World Ocean Conference and Coral Triangle Initiative Summit on May 2009. It was done in the area of the apron, international boarding lounge, CIP room and car parking lot. The apron currently has an area of 71,992 m2 while the parking lot is available for 500 cars. Waiting lounge and gate for international departure and arrival are being expanded together with an additional aerobridge installation. With this upgrade, the terminal may serve up to 2 million passenger annually.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Airfast Indonesia Timika
Charter: Ambon
Batik Air Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
CitilinkJakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Makassar, Surabaya
Charter: Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Garuda Indonesia
operated by Explore Jet
Gorontalo, Jayapura, Luwuk, Makassar, Sorong, Ternate
Lion Air Balikpapan, Changsha, Guangzhou, Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta, Makassar, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Sorong, Surabaya,
Charter: Changzhou, Chengdu, Chongqing, Koror, Macau, Wuhan[3]
NAM AirSorong, Ternate
SilkAir Singapore
Wings Air Ambon, Galela, Gorontalo, Luwuk, Melangguane, Miangas, Morotai, Palu, Sorong, Tahuna, Tarakan, Ternate, Kao
Charter: Davao
XpressAir Luwuk, Melangguane, Sorong

Ground transportation

Taxi

Plenty of metered-taxis standby at the airport until the last flight of the day arrives.

Bus

Damri buses from the airport to the city.

Statistics

Sam Ratulangi Airport in 2004
Passport entry (green) and exit stamps from the airport.
Year Domestic International
Passenger
movements
Air-freight
(tons)
Aircraft
movements
Passenger
movements
Air-freight
(tons)
Aircraft
movements
2005 1,037,961 7,923,948 15,288 39,678 331,394 545
2006 1,065,691 9,150,055 14,112 44,043 403,650 599
2007 1,070,471 9,529,574 13,126 46,833 326,921 652
2008 1,110,634 9,776,389 13,393 52,483 245,688 678
2009 1,233,513 9,905,420 14,002 75,985 459,530 841
2010 1,344,661 9,109,521 18,933 83,199 566,621 911
2011 1,455,771 10,299,743 22,1003 764,981 773,747 1002
2012 1,544,763 11,321,877 27,1011 883,1002 788,983 1012
2013 1,877,556 11,455,988 30,1223 877,1332 821,1115 1126
2014 1,992,655 12,522,1227 35,1543 938,1478 859,1654 1433
2015 1,1008,794 13,602,1559 42,1776 1292,1449 943,1775 1668
2016 2,1441,887 16,771,1668 53,1996 2111,1778 988,2033 1799
2017 2,1661,994 18,727,1782 62,2122 2199,1881 1122,1922 1883

Source : North Sulawesi Government Office of Transportation, Communication, and Information Systems (in Indonesian)

Accidents and incidents

  • 16 February 1967 – Garuda Indonesia Flight 708, UPG-MDC, Lockheed L-188C Electra (PK-GLB), 22 of 84 passengers were killed (no fatalities among the eight crew members). Flight 708 departed Jakarta at 00:30 GMT on 15 February for a flight to Manado via Surabaya and Makassar. On the second leg of the flight, bad weather in Makassar forced the crew to return to Surabaya. The flight continued the next day to Makassar and on to Manado. The cloud base in Manado was 900 feet with two kilometer visibility. An approach to runway 18 was made, but after passing a hill 200 feet above runway elevation and 2720 feet short of the threshold, the pilot realised he was too high and left of the centreline. The nose was lowered and the aircraft banked right to intercept the glide path. The speed decreased below the 125 knots target threshold speed and the aircraft – still banked to the right – landed heavily 156 feet short of the runway threshold. The undercarriage collapsed and the aircraft skidded and caught fire.[4]
  • 1974 – Douglas C-47A PK-ZDF of was written off in an accident. Date is variously reported as 4 April 6 April or 4 June.[5]
  • 7 January 1976 – Mandala Airlines, Vickers 806 Viscount (PK-RVK), no fatalities. Landing in slight intermittent rain, the aircraft touched down 520 meters down the runway. The aircraft overran the runway, crossed a ditch and three drains before coming to rest 180 meters past the end of the runway.[6]
  • 10 December 1982 – Bouraq Indonesia Airlines, Hawker Siddeley HS-748 (PK-IHI), no fatalities. The nose landing gear collapsed on landing, causing the aircraft to veer off the runway.[7]
  • 3 October 1986 – East Indonesia Air Taxi, MAL-MDC, Shorts SC.7 Skyvan (PK-ESC), all 10 passengers and 3 crew members were killed. Struck a mountain.[8]
  • 9 May 1991 – Merpati Nusantara Airlines 7533, TTE-MDC, Fokker F-27 Friendship (PK-MFD), all eight passengers and five crew members were killed when the aircraft crashed into a mountain.[9]

References

External links