September 7, 1944 |
Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
|Residence||Morris Heights, Bronx, New York City|
|Other names||Haji Mohammad Ismail Sloan|
|Spouse(s)||Anda Baumanis ( m. 1978 - div. 1979)
Honzagool (m. 1980 - div. 1982 )
Kayo Kimura (m. 2002 - div. ?)
|Children||Peter Julius (b. 1978)
Mary Rachel (b. 1979)
Shamema Honzagool (b. 1981)
Michael Rankoth (b. 1988)
George Rankoth (b. 1990)
Anusha Rankoth (b. 1991)
Jessica Vithanage (b. 1988 d. 2010)
Sandra Kimura (b. 2001) 
Samuel Howard Sloan (born September 7, 1944) is an American chess player, publisher and political figure based in New York City. In 2006, Sloan served on the Executive Board of the United States Chess Federation. In 2006 Sloan was elected as an officer to the Manhattan Libertarian Party County Committee as Director of Media Relations.
In 1970, Sloan established a registered broker-dealer that traded over-the-counter stocks and bonds. Sloan had no formal legal training but orally argued a case before the Supreme Court after litigating against the Securities and Exchange Commission over policies regarding the trading of penny stocks. The Court ruled in his favor, 9–0. Sloan is the last non-lawyer to argue before the court.
Between 2010 and 2016 ran unsuccessfully or attempted to run for several other city, state and national government political offices, including for President of the United States.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 2.1 Libertarian party
- 2.2 Election to USCF Board
- 2.3 USENET postings incident
- 2.4 2010 New York gubernatorial candidacy
- 2.5 Mentions in 2011 media
- 2.6 2012 presidential candidacy
- 2.7 2013 mayoral candidacy
- 2.8 Xiangqi championships
- 2.9 2014 candidacies
- 2.10 2016 presidential candidacy
- 2.11 2016 Congressional candidacy
- 3 Political positions
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Books
- 6 Court cases
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Early life and education
Sloan was born in Richmond, Virginia in 1944 to attorney Leroy Bayfield Sloan and child psychiatrist Dr. Marjorie Jacobson Sloan. His family later moved to Lynchburg, where he graduated from E.C. Glass High School. Sloan studied chess from an early age. He claims that he was a winner in the Virginia Science Talent Search and that he scored 800 in the Mathematics section of his SAT.
Sloan left Lynchburg in 1962 to study at University of California, Berkeley; he majored in mathematics and later switched to criminology, but he left Berkeley in 1967 and did not graduate. At Berkeley he became one of the leaders of the Anti-War movement and promoted a branch of the Sexual Freedom League. He held more than forty sexually liberal parties at 2545 Benvenue Avenue and 2714 Telegraph Avenue in Berkeley.
After leaving Berkeley, Sloan worked two years for the Wall Street investment banking firm of Hayden, Stone & Co. in the over-the-counter trading department. In 1970, he established Samuel H. Sloan & Company, a registered broker-dealer primarily trading over-the-counter stocks and bonds. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) brought civil actions against Sloan & Co. in 1971–5 alleging he had failed to maintain adequate books and records. In 1975, the SEC revoked Sloan's broker-dealer registration. After years of litigation, Sloan in 1978 prevailed in the U.S. Supreme Court. Sloan argued the case pro se. The opposing attorney was Harvey Pitt, who was later Chairman of the SEC from 2001 to 2003. Sloan won before the U.S. Supreme Court 9–0, concerning his claim that the "tacking" of 10-day summary suspension orders for an indefinite period was an abuse of the agency's authority and a deprivation of due process. Sloan is the last non-lawyer to argue before the court.
Sloan claimed that, during the turmoil following the Saur Revolution, he was arrested on June 4, 1978 in Nawzad, Afghanistan. He claims that was soon transported to Girishk and interrogated for many days. He claims to have later walked away from low-security confinement and to have escape, by walking along Helmand River and later via bus, narrowly evading police who were searching for him. He claimed to have traveled to Kandahar and Peshawar and finally entered Pakistan in September 1978.
Sloan has written in 1981 a lexicon of Khowar, a language spoken in Chitral, Pakistan. Sloan had a minor role in a 1984 commercially produced film, Mahjong hōrōki, that later became a video game, Mahjong Hōrōki Classic. Since 1994, Sloan has operated Ishi Press.
Sloan is a chess journalist and author. He claims to have traveled to 78 countries, primarily attending chess tournaments. During a speech on April 29, 2006 at a Libertarian Party of New York's convention Sam Sloan has claimed to have "won the World Championship of Chinese Chess in Beijing, China, in 1988". He is rated an FM (Federation Master) by the World Xiangqi Association. Sloan has competed in tournaments in Thai (Makrook) and Japanese (Shōgi) chess.
From 2002 to 2006, Sloan was active in the Libertarian Party of New York attempting to influence its policy agenda and candidate nominations. In an April 30, 2006, email to Michael Badnarik's 2004 presidential campaign mailing list, an individual claiming to be Sloan announced his intention to seek the Libertarian Party nomination for Governor of New York State. In 2006 Sloan was elected as an officer to the Manhattan Libertarian Party County Committee as Director of Media Relations. He was not re-elected to that position in 2007. He was a delegate to the 2008 Libertarian National Convention and the 2010 Libertarian National Convention. On May 25, 2008 in Denver, Colorado, Sloan was nominated to the National Committee of the Libertarian Party and made a speech addressing the Libertarian National Convention.
Election to USCF Board
In July 2006, Sloan was elected to the Executive Board of the United States Chess Federation (USCF). He advocated a major expansion of scholastic chess, stating that the USCF should establish a program to certify school chess teachers. He criticized the USCF's recent move from New Windsor, New York to Crossville, Tennessee. As second-place finisher (out of five) in the special election, Sloan was elected to a one-year term on the board (the first-place finisher received a three-year term). Sloan's term of service began in August 2006. In 2007, Sloan ran for reelection to the USCF Executive Board, but was unsuccessful, finishing a distant ninth out of ten candidates. On October 2, 2007, Sloan filed suit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York seeking to overturn the results of the 2007 USCF election, and alleging that more than 2,000 obscene "Fake Sam Sloan" newsgroup postings prior to the election had been made by a rival candidate. On August 28, 2008, US District Judge Denny Chin dismissed the suit with prejudice pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1), 12(b)(2) and 12(b)(6). The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed the dismissal but modified it, saying that it was "without prejudice" as the case had not gone to a hearing.
USENET postings incident
On April 3, 2008, posts appeared on USENET, apparently placed by Mr. Sloan, claiming that some of his websites had been closed down by law enforcement in Amherst County, Virginia, apparently because Sloan listed the home addresses of parties involved in his long-running but moot child custody dispute involving his daughter. The USENET posting mentions County investigator Christopher Smith. During that same time, Smith was conducting a broad campaign against Internet crime in the State.
2010 New York gubernatorial candidacy
Sloan renewed his bid for governor in the New York gubernatorial election, 2010, facing off against attorney Warren Redlich and former madam Kristin M. Davis. Sloan, by his own admission, was not popular within the Libertarian Party of New York and did not expect to win the nomination. He has testified that a faction in the party who opposed non-Libertarian Redlich's nomination needed another candidate. Sloan eventually lost the nomination to Redlich in a two-way battle, by a vote of 27 for Redlich and 17 for Sloan, after Davis refused to show up at the convention. Despite his failure to secure the nomination, Sloan was the first to submit petitions to the board of elections with the Libertarian Party line, which effectively gives him the nomination; the down-ballot selections on Sloan's petitions are identical to those confirmed by the party committee. However, because his petitions failed to contain anywhere near the requisite 15,000 signatures, the nomination will go to Redlich; it has been speculated that Sloan is using the ploy to file a lawsuit against Redlich in his long-running dispute with the state Libertarian Party. Prior to the November elections, Roger Stone Davis's campaign manager, claims that Sloan fed him information that Stone passed on to a group entitled "People for a Safer New York", who created a flyer labeling Redlich a "sexual predator".
Mentions in 2011 media
In a 2011 book about Bobby Fischer, Frank Brady wrote "Aided by an eidetic memory, [Sloan] was the last non-lawyer to argue a case before the United States Supreme Court – a case he won. Bobby trusted him."
Three dialogues with Sloan are incorporated in the 2011 documentary Bobby Fischer Against the World.
Sloan tied for the lead in the 3rd round of the 2011 World Championship of Chinese Chess (the total number of rounds or his final result was not stated).
2012 presidential candidacy
2013 mayoral candidacy
In November 2013, Sloan was on the ballot for the New York City mayoral election, 2013, as an independent under the War Veterans line; he received 166 votes (0.02%, or 1/5,000 of the total vote).
Later that summer, Sloan attempted to submit petitions for the 2014 gubernatorial election, one for the Democratic primary (with Nenad Bach as the running mate) and another an "ambush" of the Libertarian Party line similar to the one he attempted in 2010 (with Tom Stevens as the running mate). Both petitions were ruled invalid.
2016 presidential candidacy
On September 29, 2015 Sloan filed with the FEC to run for the Democratic Party presidential candidates, 2016. He was only on the New Hampshire ballot and received 15 votes. He lost to Hillary Clinton on July 26, 2016.
2016 Congressional candidacy
In 2016, Sloan ran in the Democratic primary for US Congress in the New York's 13th congressional district (upper Manhattan/lower Bronx area). The primary was held June 28, 2016 and he received 197 votes (0.46%), placing 8th in a field of 9 candidates and losing to Adriano Espaillat.
- Drugs: support for the legalization of marijuana, but not other drugs
- Foreign policy:
- general isolationist but with continues U.S. military presence in South Korea
- supports the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran
- Estate tax: supports the restoration of federal estate tax to pre-Bush levels
- Adoptee rights: supports the right of every adult who was an adoptee in every U.S. state to have access to their original birth certificate and thus know the names of their biological parents
- Illegal immigration:
- supports all immigrants in all U.S. states to be able to obtain a drivers license
- supports the strengthening of immigration controls
Sloan has been married three times. Sloan's second wife, Honzagool, was a native of Chitral (Pakistan) and they had a daughter named Shamema. Sloan and Honzagool soon separated and Sloan left New York for Virginia with Shamema, leaving Shamema in the care of a Virginia couple, while Honzagool returned to Chitral. Sloan was subsequently locked into a child custody struggle, which lasted several years, with that Virginia couple over that same daughter. On September 5, 1991, during an attempt to regain custody of his daughter Shamema, Sloan was arrested. Sloan was convicted of attempted abduction of Shamema and spent 18 months in state prison.
One of Sloan's daughters, Jessica Vithanage Sloan, died December 18, 2010 of a Neisseria meningitidis infection.
Shamema served as a US Marine (4 years and six months) during the Iraq war and married a former Marine.
Sloan lives in Morris Heights, the Bronx with his girlfriend.
As of 2016, Sloan's FIDE chess rankings were 1896 and 1923 for blitz.
- Khowar English Dictionary (as Mohammad Ismail Sloan, 1981) (originally published in Pakistan) (reprint in 2006 by Ishi Press) ISBN 0-923891-15-3
- Chinese Chess for Beginners (1989) ISBN 0-923891-11-0
- How to Take over an American Public Company (1992) ISBN 1-881373-01-0
- The Farm Book by Thomas Jefferson with light notes and annotations by Sam Sloan ISBN 0-923891-80-3
- Sam Sloan Teaches A+ 50 Helpful Questions ISBN 0-923891-06-4
Among his cases that petitioned or reached the federal level are:
- Sloan v. Nixon, 60 FRD 228 (1973) 
- SEC v. Sloan, 436 US 103 (1978) 
- Sloan v. Virginia, No. 95-8909 (1995)
- Djinis, Elizabeth (May 27, 2016). "Sam Sloan Is Running for Congress … and President". Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- "Sam Sloan's Big Combined Family Trees". anusha.com. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- "Dr. Marjorie Jacobson Sloan, June 27, 1937 – May 16, 2002". anusha.com. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- "Leroy Bayfield Sloan, May 2, 1910 – January 19, 1986". anusha.com. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- Sloan, Sam (June 22, 1996). "Qualification of Sam Sloan for USCF President". anusha.com. Retrieved August 8, 2016.
- Pitcher, Michelle (February 13, 2015). "A brief history of sexual liberation, orgies at UC Berkeley". The Daily Californian. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- "Berkeley Historical Plaque Project - Sexual Freedom League". Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- Sloan, Sam. "Places where Sam Sloan has lived". Retrieved August 1, 2016.
- "SEC v. Samuel H. Sloan 436 U.S. 103 (1978)". Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- Mauro, Tony (October 11, 2002). "Building a Better Advocate". The American Lawyer. Retrieved June 1, 2007.
- Ackman, Dan (June 30, 2004). "The Man in the Yellow Cab: Sam Sloan". New York Sun. Archived from the original on February 3, 2007. Retrieved June 30, 2007.
- Gresko, Jessica (July 1, 2013). "Only lawyers now can argue before Supreme Court". Yahoo News. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- "How I Escaped from Jail in Afghanistan". Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- "Khowar English Dictionary". Anusha.com. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Mahjong Hourouki. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- "Sam Sloan Xiangqi Game listing, XiangQi Masters Database, World Xiangqi Federation". Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- on YouTube June 19, 2008
- Loeb McClain, Dylan (March 23, 2008). "Drive to Recall Member of Chess Federation's Board Is Under Way". Retrieved June 1, 2008.
- "Federal Rules of Civil Procedure: Rule 12". Law.cornell.edu. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Amherst County Sheriff shuts down Sam Sloan's websites". April 3, 2008. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2008.
- "§ 2006 Code of Virginia § 18.2-186.4 - Use of a person\'s identity with the intent to coerce, intimidate, or harass; penalty". justia.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Karlin, Rick (April 23, 2010). "Tomorrow: Three-way Libertarian smack-down in Albany!". Albany Times Union. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
- Wilder, Kimberly (August 13, 2010). "Libertarian Sam Sloan files for Governor of NY". Retrieved August 15, 2010.
- Stone, Roger (November 4, 2010). "Libertarian Payback". StoneZone.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Brady 2011, p. 173.
- "The Official Website for the World's Greatest Test of Memory Founded in 1991 by Tony Buzan & Raymond Keene OBE The Official website of the World Memory Championships". Worldmemorychampionship.com. October 26, 1991. Archived from the original on February 3, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "World Senior Memory Championship 2011". Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- "Sam Sloan Announces For Libertarian Party Presidential Nomination". Independent Political Report. January 16, 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "Principal Campaign Committee:Committee to Elect Sam Sloan". Federal Election Commission (FEC). January 2012. Retrieved January 26, 2012.
- "Statement and Return Report for Certification - General Election - November 5, 2013" (PDF). Board of Elections in the City of New York. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
- "2013 NYC Voter Guide: Mayor".
- "Candidate Petition List". elections.ny.gov. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
- "Sam Sloan FEC filing" (PDF). FEC. September 29, 2015. Retrieved October 20, 2015.
- "2016 Presidential Form 2 Filers".
- "2016 New York Elections, Primary, Candidates, Races and Voting". Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Rocchio, Patrick (June 17, 2016). "13th Congressional district primary June 28". Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- "NYS Board of Elections Unofficial Election Night Results". June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
- "Sam Sloan Candidate For U.S. Presidency 2016". Retrieved May 22, 2016.
- "Sam Sloan (D) For President 2016 Presidential Candidate Interview". October 7, 2015. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- Sloan, Sam. "Sam Sloan Runs for President, here is his platform". anusha.com. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
- "Sam Sloan's Home Page". Anusha.com. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- Go, Marilyn (June 28, 1993). "92 Civ. 2388 (RJD) Report and recommendation". anusha.com. Retrieved June 1, 2010.
- "Virginia Court System". Retrieved June 29, 2016. On menu, pick Case Status Information/Circuit Court/Case Information. Pick Lynchburg Circuit Court. That should arrive at this web page. Enter case number CR91003195-00 on form and press Case Number Inquiry.
- "§ 18.2–47 of the Code of Virginia: Abduction and kidnapping defined; punishment". justia.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "§ 18.2–26 of the Code of Virginia: Attempts to commit noncapital felonies; how punished". justia.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Sloan, Sam FIDE Chess Profile - Players Arbiters Trainers<". Retrieved November 28, 2016.
- "Sloan vs. Nixon, 60 FRD 228 (1973)". anusha.com. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- "SEC v. Sloan". anusha.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Sloan vs. Virginia, No. 95-8909". anusha.com. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- Brady, Frank (2011). Endgame: The Spectacular Rise and Fall of Bobby Fischer. Crown. ISBN 978-0-307-46390-6.
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