|Died||August 31, 1968 (aged 29)|
|Cause of death||Drowning|
|Occupation||Short story writer, social critic, poet and translator|
Samad Behrangi (Persian: صمد بهرنگی; June 24, 1939 – August 31, 1968) was an Iranian teacher, social critic, folklorist, translator, and short story writer of Azerbaijani descent. He is famous for his children's books, particularly The Little Black Fish. Influenced by predominantly leftist ideologies that were common among the intelligentsia of his era, which made him popular among the Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas, his books typically portrayed the lives of the children of the urban poor and encouraged the individual to change his/ her circumstances by her own initiatives.
He was born in Tabriz to a working-class Iranian family. Son to Ezzat and Sara, he had two other brothers and three sisters. His father was seasonal worker and his income was never sufficient, who eventually left Iran like millions of other workers on the move for better life conditions for the Caucasus and never returned. He finished elementary school and three years of secondary school before enrolling in a teacher training school, finishing the program in 1957. Thus, only receiving few years of education, at the age of 18, he became a teacher, and continued to be so for the rest of his life, in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. In the next eleven years, while teaching Persian in rural schools of Iranian Azerbaijan, he attained a B.A. degree in English from Tabriz University. He Started publishing stories in 1960, his first being Adat "Custom". He carried on writing stories, along translating from English and Azerbaijani to Persian and vice versa. Later, claiming that he was impolite, he was dismissed from his high school teaching post and assigned to an elementary school. Then, as his cultural works increased, he was accused and pursued, and suspended of teaching. After a while his sentence was called off and he returned to schools. Later, he attended student protests.
Apart from children's stories, he wrote many pedagogical essays and collected and published several samples of oral Iranian Azerbaijani literature. His folklore studies have usually been done with the help of his colleague Behrooz Dehghani, who helped publish some of Behrangi's works after his early death. Behrangi also has a few Azeri translations from Persian poems by Ahmad Shamlou, Forough Farrokhzad, and Mehdi Akhavan-Sales.
Apart from Children's Stories, he wrote many pedagogical essays and collected and published several samples of oral Azerbaijani literature. His folklore studies have usually been done with the help of his colleague Behrooz Dehghani, who helped publish some of Behrangi's works after his early death. Behrangi also has a few Azerbaijani language translations of Persian poems by Ahmad Shamlou, Forough Farrokhzad, and Mehdi Akhavan-Sales.
Behrangi drowned in the Aras river and his death was blamed on the Pahlavi government. It is believed that an army officer, Hamzeh Farahati, was seen with him when he drowned. Farahati in his book and in an interview with VOA has unequivocally claimed that Samad drowned and was not killed by SAVAK.
Some of his works
- The Little Black Fish
- Investigations into the Educational Problems of Iran (کندوکاو در مسائل تربیتی ایران )
- Ulduz and the talking doll
- Ulduz and the crows
- One peach and 1000 peaches
- The Complete Stories of Behrang, publishers, Persian Culture & Art Institute, Vancouver and Zagros Publications, Montreal, Canada
- Hillman, Michael. "BEHRANGĪ, ṢAMAD".
- Hillmann, Michael. "Samad Behrangi". Encyclopaedia Iranica.[permanent dead link]
- A Brief Note on Samad Behrangi's Life by Iraj Bashiri
- Samad Behrangi
- Milani, Abbas. "Samad Behrangi," in Eminent Persians Vol. 2. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 2008, pp. 838–842
- Preface and backcover text from Samad Behrangi, Talkhoon va Chand Ghesse-ye Digar (Talkhoon and other stories), Behrangi Publishings, Tabriz, 1998, ISBN 964-90517-2-4.
- Sirous Tahbaz, Samad Behrangi va Mahi-e Koochooloo-ye Daanaa (Samad Behrangi and the Wise Little Fish).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samad Behrangi.|
- Samad's Stories in English
- Samad Stories: The Little Black Fish
- Samad Stories: 24 Restless Hours
- Samad Stories: The Little Sugar Beet Vendor
- Samad Stories: The Tale of Love
- Samad Stories: Talkhun
- Samad Stories: In Search of Faith
- Samad Behrangi's life. A biography by Professor Iraj Bashiri, University of Minnesota.
- (in Azerbaijani and Persian) Samad Site
- (in German and Persian) Samad's life and the stories
- (in Persian) Samad Behrangi's death accident - from Hamzeh Farahati's memoir