Samad aga Agamalioglu

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Samad aga Agamalioglu
Səməd ağa Ağamalıoğlu
Samed aga Agamalioglu.jpg
People's Commissar of Agriculture of the Azerbaijan SSR
In office
2nd President of the CEC of Azerbaijan SSR
In office
6 May 1922 – 18 September 1929
Preceded by Mukhtar Hajiyev
Succeeded by Sultan Majid Afandiyev
Gazanfar Musabekov
Personal details
Born (1867-12-27)December 27, 1867
Qazakh, Russian Azerbaijan
Died October 6, 1930(1930-10-06) (aged 62)
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Azeri
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Profession Surveyor

Samad aga Agamalioglu (Azerbaijani: Səməd ağa Ağamalıoğlu; Russian: Самед ага Агамалыоглы; 27 December 1867 – 6 October 1930) was a Soviet statesman and socialist revolutionary, participator in the Russian Revolution of 1905 in the Caucasus.[1]

Agamalioglu, with his real name Samad Hasan oglu Aliyev[2] was born in the village of Kyrah Kesemen of Qazakh district, Elisabethpol Governorate to a peasant parents. He graduated from Vladikavkaz military school, trained as a surveyor. In 1887 he entered to the military service of Ganja, soon later started to read about Marxism and became a socialist revolutionary and active member of Muslim Social Democratic Party. After the February Revolution of 1917, he became a member of the Board and Executive Committee of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in Ganja, actively participated in the Hummet activities. Since the end of 1918, he worked in Baku. He was chosen as a deputy to the Muslim Socialist Bloc in Azerbaijani National Council of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. Soon after the overthrow of the Musavat rule, Agamalioglu became the People's Commissariat of Azerbaijan SSR and in 1922-29, he served as the CEC Chairman and one of the chairmen of the CEC of Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic. At the 1st Congress of Soviets of the USSR (1922), he was elected a member of the CEC of the USSR, then a member of the Presidium of the USSR Central Executive Committee. He led the introduction of romanized alphabet to the republics of the Soviet East. Agamalioglu is also author of several works on the revolutionary movement, the Cultural Revolution in the Eastearn parts of the Soviet Union. He was also the first preparator and the publisher of the famous Kamaluddovle Mektublari by the celebrated Azerbaijani playwright Mirza Fatali Akhundov.[3] The cultural icon of the era Maxim Gorky called Agamalioglu a "marvelous man" and highly appreciated his works on the newly reformed alphabet.[4] He died in Moscow in 1930.

There are streets named after him in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The villages of Ağamalıoğlu in Goranboy region and (until 2011) Ağamalı in Gadabay region were named in his honour.


  1. ^ Brian C. Collins, Historical dictionary of Azerbaijan, USA, Scarecrow Press, 1999
  2. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  3. ^ "АГАМАЛЫ-ОГЛЫ Самед-Ага" (in Russian). Literature Encyclopedia. 
  4. ^ M. Isayev. Yazikovoe stroitelstovo v SSSR, 1979. p. 67

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